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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Synthesis and Characterization of Pyridine-containing Epoxy: H-bonds Distribution and Thermomechanical Performances

    ZHAO JUNa, LIU AIQINa, ZHOU HONGa, LUO JUNb,*, AND LIU YUANb,*

    Journal of Polymer Materials, Vol.37, No.1-2, pp. 29-42, 2020, DOI:10.32381/JPM.2020.37.1-2.3

    Abstract Heteroatoms (N, O, and F) and hydrogen groups are important elements for forming the H-bonds. It is well known that a large number of hydrogen groups are formed after curing reaction of epoxy. However, literatures about epoxy resins containing heteroaromatic ring and the H-bonds after cure reaction of the epoxy resins are seldom published. To bridge the gap, a kind of new epoxy monomer containing pyridine ring (EMP) has been synthesized in this work, andit is further cured by 4,4-diaminodiphenyl methane (DDM). The properties of cured EMP/ DDM are evaluated by DSC, DMA, and static More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Design of a Multifrequency Signal Parameter Estimation Method for the Distribution Network Based on HIpST

    Bin Liu1, Shuai Liang1, Renjie Ding1, Shuguang Li2,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.3, pp. 729-746, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.044224

    Abstract The application of traditional synchronous measurement methods is limited by frequent fluctuations of electrical signals and complex frequency components in distribution networks. Therefore, it is critical to find solutions to the issues of multifrequency parameter estimation and synchronous measurement estimation accuracy in the complex environment of distribution networks. By utilizing the multifrequency sensing capabilities of discrete Fourier transform signals and Taylor series for dynamic signal processing, a multifrequency signal estimation approach based on HT-IpDFT-STWLS (HIpST) for distribution networks is provided. First, by introducing the Hilbert transform (HT), the influence of noise on the estimation algorithm… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Enhanced Steganalysis for Color Images Using Curvelet Features and Support Vector Machine

    Arslan Akram1,2, Imran Khan1, Javed Rashid2,3, Mubbashar Saddique4,*, Muhammad Idrees4, Yazeed Yasin Ghadi5, Abdulmohsen Algarni6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 1311-1328, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.040512

    Abstract Algorithms for steganography are methods of hiding data transfers in media files. Several machine learning architectures have been presented recently to improve stego image identification performance by using spatial information, and these methods have made it feasible to handle a wide range of problems associated with image analysis. Images with little information or low payload are used by information embedding methods, but the goal of all contemporary research is to employ high-payload images for classification. To address the need for both low- and high-payload images, this work provides a machine-learning approach to steganography image classification… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    3-Qubit Circular Quantum Convolution Computation Using the Fourier Transform with Illustrative Examples

    Artyom M. Grigoryan1,*, Sos S. Agaian2

    Journal of Quantum Computing, Vol.6, pp. 1-14, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jqc.2023.026981

    Abstract In this work, we describe a method of calculation of the 1-D circular quantum convolution of signals represented by 3-qubit superpositions in the computational basis states. The examples of the ideal low pass and high pass filters are described and quantum schemes for the 3-qubit circular convolution are presented. In the proposed method, the 3-qubit Fourier transform is used and one addition qubit, to prepare the quantum superposition for the inverse quantum Fourier transform. It is considered that the discrete Fourier transform of one of the signals is known and calculated in advance and only More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Visualization for Explanation of Deep Learning-Based Fault Diagnosis Model Using Class Activation Map

    Youming Guo, Qinmu Wu*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 1489-1514, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042313

    Abstract Permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) is widely used in various production processes because of its high efficiency, fast reaction time, and high power density. With the continuous promotion of new energy vehicles, timely detection of PMSM faults can significantly reduce the accident rate of new energy vehicles, further enhance consumers’ trust in their safety, and thus promote their popularity. Existing fault diagnosis methods based on deep learning can only distinguish different PMSM faults and cannot interpret and analyze them. Convolutional neural networks (CNN) show remarkable accuracy in image data analysis. However, due to the “black… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Infrared Spectroscopy-Based Chemometric Analysis for Lard Differentiation in Meat Samples

    Muhammad Aadil Siddiqui1,*, M. H. Md Khir1, Zaka Ullah2, Muath Al Hasan2, Abdul Saboor3, Saeed Ahmed Magsi1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.2, pp. 2859-2871, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.034164

    Abstract One of the most pressing concerns for the consumer market is the detection of adulteration in meat products due to their preciousness. The rapid and accurate identification mechanism for lard adulteration in meat products is highly necessary, for developing a mechanism trusted by consumers and that can be used to make a definitive diagnosis. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) is used in this work to identify lard adulteration in cow, lamb, and chicken samples. A simplified extraction method was implied to obtain the lipids from pure and adulterated meat. Adulterated samples were obtained by mixing… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Dual Image Cryptosystem Using Henon Map and Discrete Fourier Transform

    Hesham Alhumyani*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.3, pp. 2933-2945, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.034689

    Abstract This paper introduces an efficient image cryptography system. The proposed image cryptography system is based on employing the two-dimensional (2D) chaotic henon map (CHM) in the Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT). The proposed DFT-based CHM image cryptography has two procedures which are the encryption and decryption procedures. In the proposed DFT-based CHM image cryptography, the confusion is employed using the CHM while the diffusion is realized using the DFT. So, the proposed DFT-based CHM image cryptography achieves both confusion and diffusion characteristics. The encryption procedure starts by applying the DFT on the image then the DFT More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Spectral Analysis and Validation of Parietal Signals for Different Arm Movements

    Umashankar Ganesan1,*, A. Vimala Juliet2, R. Amala Jenith Joshi3

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.3, pp. 2849-2863, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.033759

    Abstract Brain signal analysis plays a significant role in attaining data related to motor activities. The parietal region of the brain plays a vital role in muscular movements. This approach aims to demonstrate a unique technique to identify an ideal region of the human brain that generates signals responsible for muscular movements; perform statistical analysis to provide an absolute characterization of the signal and validate the obtained results using a prototype arm. This can enhance the practical implementation of these frequency extractions for future neuro-prosthetic applications and the characterization of neurological diseases like Parkinson’s disease (PD).… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Class of Atomic Exponential Basis Functions EFupn(x,ω)-Development and Application

    Nives Brajčić Kurbaša*, Blaž Gotovac, Vedrana Kozulić

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.135, No.1, pp. 65-90, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.021940

    Abstract The purpose of this paper is to present the class of atomic basis functions (ABFs) which are of exponential type and are denoted by . While ABFs of the algebraic type are already represented in the numerical modeling of various problems in mathematical physics and computational mechanics, ABFs of the exponential type have not yet been sufficiently researched. These functions, unlike the ABFs of the algebraic type , contain the tension parameter , which gives them additional approximation properties. Exponential monomials up to the th degree can be described exactly by the linear combination of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Speech Encryption with Fractional Watermark

    Yan Sun1,2,*, Cun Zhu1, Qi Cui3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.1, pp. 1817-1825, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.029408

    Abstract Research on the feature of speech and image signals are carried out from two perspectives, the time domain and the frequency domain. The speech and image signals are a non-stationary signal, so FT is not used for the non-stationary characteristics of the signal. When short-term stable speech is obtained by windowing and framing the subsequent processing of the signal is completed by the Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT). The Fast Discrete Fourier Transform is a commonly used analysis method for speech and image signal processing in frequency domain. It has the problem of adjusting window size to More >

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