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  • Open Access


    Visualization for Explanation of Deep Learning-Based Fault Diagnosis Model Using Class Activation Map

    Youming Guo, Qinmu Wu*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 1489-1514, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042313

    Abstract Permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) is widely used in various production processes because of its high efficiency, fast reaction time, and high power density. With the continuous promotion of new energy vehicles, timely detection of PMSM faults can significantly reduce the accident rate of new energy vehicles, further enhance consumers’ trust in their safety, and thus promote their popularity. Existing fault diagnosis methods based on deep learning can only distinguish different PMSM faults and cannot interpret and analyze them. Convolutional neural networks (CNN) show remarkable accuracy in image data analysis. However, due to the “black box” problem in deep learning… More >

  • Open Access


    Infrared Spectroscopy-Based Chemometric Analysis for Lard Differentiation in Meat Samples

    Muhammad Aadil Siddiqui1,*, M. H. Md Khir1, Zaka Ullah2, Muath Al Hasan2, Abdul Saboor3, Saeed Ahmed Magsi1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.2, pp. 2859-2871, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.034164

    Abstract One of the most pressing concerns for the consumer market is the detection of adulteration in meat products due to their preciousness. The rapid and accurate identification mechanism for lard adulteration in meat products is highly necessary, for developing a mechanism trusted by consumers and that can be used to make a definitive diagnosis. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) is used in this work to identify lard adulteration in cow, lamb, and chicken samples. A simplified extraction method was implied to obtain the lipids from pure and adulterated meat. Adulterated samples were obtained by mixing lard with chicken, lamb, and… More >

  • Open Access


    Dual Image Cryptosystem Using Henon Map and Discrete Fourier Transform

    Hesham Alhumyani*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.3, pp. 2933-2945, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.034689

    Abstract This paper introduces an efficient image cryptography system. The proposed image cryptography system is based on employing the two-dimensional (2D) chaotic henon map (CHM) in the Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT). The proposed DFT-based CHM image cryptography has two procedures which are the encryption and decryption procedures. In the proposed DFT-based CHM image cryptography, the confusion is employed using the CHM while the diffusion is realized using the DFT. So, the proposed DFT-based CHM image cryptography achieves both confusion and diffusion characteristics. The encryption procedure starts by applying the DFT on the image then the DFT transformed image is scrambled using… More >

  • Open Access


    Spectral Analysis and Validation of Parietal Signals for Different Arm Movements

    Umashankar Ganesan1,*, A. Vimala Juliet2, R. Amala Jenith Joshi3

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.3, pp. 2849-2863, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.033759

    Abstract Brain signal analysis plays a significant role in attaining data related to motor activities. The parietal region of the brain plays a vital role in muscular movements. This approach aims to demonstrate a unique technique to identify an ideal region of the human brain that generates signals responsible for muscular movements; perform statistical analysis to provide an absolute characterization of the signal and validate the obtained results using a prototype arm. This can enhance the practical implementation of these frequency extractions for future neuro-prosthetic applications and the characterization of neurological diseases like Parkinson’s disease (PD). To play out this handling… More >

  • Open Access


    The Class of Atomic Exponential Basis Functions EFupn(x,ω)-Development and Application

    Nives Brajčić Kurbaša*, Blaž Gotovac, Vedrana Kozulić

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.135, No.1, pp. 65-90, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.021940

    Abstract The purpose of this paper is to present the class of atomic basis functions (ABFs) which are of exponential type and are denoted by . While ABFs of the algebraic type are already represented in the numerical modeling of various problems in mathematical physics and computational mechanics, ABFs of the exponential type have not yet been sufficiently researched. These functions, unlike the ABFs of the algebraic type , contain the tension parameter , which gives them additional approximation properties. Exponential monomials up to the th degree can be described exactly by the linear combination of the functions . The function… More >

  • Open Access


    Speech Encryption with Fractional Watermark

    Yan Sun1,2,*, Cun Zhu1, Qi Cui3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.1, pp. 1817-1825, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.029408

    Abstract Research on the feature of speech and image signals are carried out from two perspectives, the time domain and the frequency domain. The speech and image signals are a non-stationary signal, so FT is not used for the non-stationary characteristics of the signal. When short-term stable speech is obtained by windowing and framing the subsequent processing of the signal is completed by the Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT). The Fast Discrete Fourier Transform is a commonly used analysis method for speech and image signal processing in frequency domain. It has the problem of adjusting window size to a for desired resolution.… More >

  • Open Access


    Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA) Based Computational Complexity Analysis of Multicarrier Waveforms

    C. Ajitha1,*, T. Jaya2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.34, No.2, pp. 1033-1048, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.021984

    Abstract Multicarrier waveforms with enhanced spectral efficiency, low latency, and high throughput are required for 5G wireless networks. The Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) method is well-known in research, but due to its limited spectral efficiency, various alternative waveforms are being considered for 5G systems. In the recent communication world, NOMA (non-orthogonal multiple access) plays a significant part due to its wider transmission of data with less bandwidth allocation. Even if a high data rate can be attained, the transmission problem will arise due to the spread of multiple paths. In order to reduce complexity and area utilization, a novel PL-based… More >

  • Open Access


    Key Frame Extraction Algorithm of Surveillance Video Based on Quaternion Fourier Significance Detection

    Zhang Yunzuo1,*, Zhang Jiayu1, Cai Zhaoquan2

    Journal of New Media, Vol.4, No.1, pp. 1-11, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jnm.2022.027054

    Abstract With the improvement of people's security awareness, numerous monitoring equipment has been put into use, resulting in the explosive growth of surveillance video data. Key frame extraction technology is a paramount technology for improving video storage efficiency and enhancing the accuracy of video retrieval. It can extract key frame sets that can express video content from massive videos. However, the existing key frame extraction algorithms of surveillance video still have deficiencies, such as the destruction of image information integrity and the inability to extract key frames accurately. To this end, this paper proposes a key frame extraction algorithm of surveillance… More >

  • Open Access


    Efficient Supply Current Control Strategies for Bridgeless Interleaved AC-DC Converter

    R. Sasikala1,*, R. Seyezhai2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.43, No.1, pp. 175-191, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.022386

    Abstract This paper presents an efficient supply current wave shaping technique for bridgeless interleaved Single Ended Primary Inductor Converter (SEPIC). The SEPIC converter converts an Alternating Current (AC) to Direct Current (DC) with the boost converter. Power Factor Correction (PFC) is progressively significant to achieve high energy efficiency. The overall system efficiency can be increased as the bridgeless topology has less conduction losses from rectifying bridges. Also, the bridgeless and interleaved techniques are incorporated in this study to achieve better performance. The performance of the system is analyzed on both current control and sensor-less techniques. Different controllers such as Proportional Integral… More >

  • Open Access


    Incredible VLSI Design for MIMO System Using SEC-QPSK Detection

    L. Vasanth*, N. J. R. Muniraj

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.33, No.2, pp. 955-966, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.022979

    Abstract Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) is an advanced communication technology that is often used for secure data transfer for military and other applications while transmitting data with high error and noise. To address this issue, a step-by-step hybrid Quadrature Phase Shift Keying (QPSK) modulation scheme in the MIMO system for a complex Very Large-Scale Integration (VLSI) format is recommended. When compared to Binary Phase Shift Keying (BPSK), this approach provides twice the data rate while using half the bandwidth. The complexity is lowered through multiplication and addition, as well as error and noise reduction in data transport, and MIMO detection… More >

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