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  • Open Access


    Improved Attentive Recurrent Network for Applied Linguistics-Based Offensive Speech Detection

    Manar Ahmed Hamza1,*, Hala J. Alshahrani2, Khaled Tarmissi3, Ayman Yafoz4, Amira Sayed A. Aziz5, Mohammad Mahzari6, Abu Sarwar Zamani1, Ishfaq Yaseen1

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 1691-1707, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.034798

    Abstract Applied linguistics is one of the fields in the linguistics domain and deals with the practical applications of the language studies such as speech processing, language teaching, translation and speech therapy. The ever-growing Online Social Networks (OSNs) experience a vital issue to confront, i.e., hate speech. Amongst the OSN-oriented security problems, the usage of offensive language is the most important threat that is prevalently found across the Internet. Based on the group targeted, the offensive language varies in terms of adult content, hate speech, racism, cyberbullying, abuse, trolling and profanity. Amongst these, hate speech is… More >

  • Open Access


    Optimal and Energy Effective Power Allocation Using Multi-Scale Resource GOA-DC-EM in DAS

    J. Rajalakshmi*, S. Siva Ranjani

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.34, No.2, pp. 1049-1063, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.025127

    Abstract Recently many algorithms for allocation of power approaches have been suggested to increase the Energy Efficiency (EE) and Spectral Efficiency (EE) in the Distributed Antenna System (DAS). In addition, the method of conservation developed for the allocation of power is challenging for the enhancement because of their high complication during estimation. With the intention of increasing the EE and SE, the optimization of allocation of power is done on the basis of capacity of the antenna. The main goal is for the optimization of the power allocation to improve the spectral and energy efficiency with… More >

  • Open Access


    Enhanced Marathi Speech Recognition Facilitated by Grasshopper Optimisation-Based Recurrent Neural Network

    Ravindra Parshuram Bachate1, Ashok Sharma2, Amar Singh3, Ayman A. Aly4, Abdulaziz H. Alghtani4, Dac-Nhuong Le5,6,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.43, No.2, pp. 439-454, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.024214

    Abstract Communication is a significant part of being human and living in the world. Diverse kinds of languages and their variations are there; thus, one person can speak any language and cannot effectively communicate with one who speaks that language in a different accent. Numerous application fields such as education, mobility, smart systems, security, and health care systems utilize the speech or voice recognition models abundantly. Though, various studies are focused on the Arabic or Asian and English languages by ignoring other significant languages like Marathi that leads to the broader research motivations in regional languages.… More >

  • Open Access


    Hybrid Invasive Weed Improved Grasshopper Optimization Algorithm for Cloud Load Balancing

    K. Naveen Durai*, R. Subha, Anandakumar Haldorai

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.34, No.1, pp. 467-483, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.026020

    Abstract In cloud computing, the processes of load balancing and task scheduling are major concerns as they are the primary mechanisms responsible for executing tasks by allocating and utilizing the resources of Virtual Machines (VMs) in a more optimal way. This problem of balancing loads and scheduling tasks in the cloud computing scenario can be categorized as an NP-hard problem. This problem of load balancing needs to be efficiently allocated tasks to VMs and sustain the trade-off among the complete set of VMs. It also needs to maintain equilibrium among VMs with the objective of maximizing… More >

  • Open Access


    Grasshopper KUWAHARA and Gradient Boosting Tree for Optimal Features Classifications

    Rabab Hamed M. Aly1,*, Aziza I. Hussein2, Kamel H. Rahouma3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.72, No.2, pp. 3985-3997, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.025862

    Abstract This paper aims to design an optimizer followed by a Kawahara filter for optimal classification and prediction of employees’ performance. The algorithm starts by processing data by a modified K-means technique as a hierarchical clustering method to quickly obtain the best features of employees to reach their best performance. The work of this paper consists of two parts. The first part is based on collecting data of employees to calculate and illustrate the performance of each employee. The second part is based on the classification and prediction techniques of the employee performance. This model is More >

  • Open Access


    E-mail Spam Classification Using Grasshopper Optimization Algorithm and Neural Networks

    Sanaa A. A. Ghaleb1,3,4, Mumtazimah Mohamad1, Syed Abdullah Fadzli1, Waheed A.H.M. Ghanem2,3,4,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.3, pp. 4749-4766, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.020472

    Abstract Spam has turned into a big predicament these days, due to the increase in the number of spam emails, as the recipient regularly receives piles of emails. Not only is spam wasting users’ time and bandwidth. In addition, it limits the storage space of the email box as well as the disk space. Thus, spam detection is a challenge for individuals and organizations alike. To advance spam email detection, this work proposes a new spam detection approach, using the grasshopper optimization algorithm (GOA) in training a multilayer perceptron (MLP) classifier for categorizing emails as ham More >

  • Open Access


    Optimization of Interval Type-2 Fuzzy Logic System Using Grasshopper Optimization Algorithm

    Saima Hassan1, Mojtaba Ahmadieh Khanesar2, Nazar Kalaf Hussein3, Samir Brahim Belhaouari4,*, Usman Amjad5, Wali Khan Mashwani6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.2, pp. 3513-3531, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.022018

    Abstract The estimation of the fuzzy membership function parameters for interval type 2 fuzzy logic system (IT2-FLS) is a challenging task in the presence of uncertainty and imprecision. Grasshopper optimization algorithm (GOA) is a fresh population based meta-heuristic algorithm that mimics the swarming behavior of grasshoppers in nature, which has good convergence ability towards optima. The main objective of this paper is to apply GOA to estimate the optimal parameters of the Gaussian membership function in an IT2-FLS. The antecedent part parameters (Gaussian membership function parameters) are encoded as a population of artificial swarm of grasshoppers… More >

  • Open Access


    Swarm-Based Extreme Learning Machine Models for Global Optimization

    Mustafa Abdul Salam1,*, Ahmad Taher Azar2, Rana Hussien2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.3, pp. 6339-6363, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.020583

    Abstract Extreme Learning Machine (ELM) is popular in batch learning, sequential learning, and progressive learning, due to its speed, easy integration, and generalization ability. While, Traditional ELM cannot train massive data rapidly and efficiently due to its memory residence, high time and space complexity. In ELM, the hidden layer typically necessitates a huge number of nodes. Furthermore, there is no certainty that the arrangement of weights and biases within the hidden layer is optimal. To solve this problem, the traditional ELM has been hybridized with swarm intelligence optimization techniques. This paper displays five proposed hybrid Algorithms… More >

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