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  • Open Access


    An Intelligent Sensor Data Preprocessing Method for OCT Fundus Image Watermarking Using an RCNN

    Jialun Lin1, Qiong Chen1,2,3,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.2, pp. 1549-1561, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.029631

    Abstract Watermarks can provide reliable and secure copyright protection for optical coherence tomography (OCT) fundus images. The effective image segmentation is helpful for promoting OCT image watermarking. However, OCT images have a large amount of low-quality data, which seriously affects the performance of segmentation methods. Therefore, this paper proposes an effective segmentation method for OCT fundus image watermarking using a rough convolutional neural network (RCNN). First, the rough-set-based feature discretization module is designed to preprocess the input data. Second, a dual attention mechanism for feature channels and spatial regions in the CNN is added to enable the model to adaptively select… More >

  • Open Access


    A Text Image Watermarking Algorithm Based on Image Enhancement

    Baowei Wang1,*, Luyao Shen2, Junhao Zhang2, Zenghui Xu2, Neng Wang2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.1, pp. 1183-1207, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.040307

    Abstract Digital watermarking technology is adequate for copyright protection and content authentication. There needs to be more research on the watermarking algorithm after printing and scanning. Aiming at the problem that existing anti-print scanning text image watermarking algorithms cannot take into account the invisibility and robustness of the watermark, an anti-print scanning watermarking algorithm suitable for text images is proposed. This algorithm first performs a series of image enhancement preprocessing operations on the printed scanned image to eliminate the interference of incorrect bit information on watermark embedding and then uses a combination of Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT)-Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) to… More >

  • Open Access


    A Novel Color Image Watermarking Method with Adaptive Scaling Factor Using Similarity-Based Edge Region

    Kali Gurkahraman1,*, Rukiye Karakis2, Hidayet Takci1

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.1, pp. 55-77, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.037798

    Abstract This study aimed to deal with three challenges: robustness, imperceptibility, and capacity in the image watermarking field. To reach a high capacity, a novel similarity-based edge detection algorithm was developed that finds more edge points than traditional techniques. The colored watermark image was created by inserting a randomly generated message on the edge points detected by this algorithm. To ensure robustness and imperceptibility, watermark and cover images were combined in the high-frequency subbands using Discrete Wavelet Transform and Singular Value Decomposition. In the watermarking stage, the watermark image was weighted by the adaptive scaling factor calculated by the standard deviation… More >

  • Open Access


    A Multi-Stage Security Solution for Medical Color Images in Healthcare Applications

    Walid El-Shafai1,2,*, Fatma Khallaf2,3, El-Sayed M. El-Rabaie2, Fathi E. Abd El-Samie2, Iman Almomani1,4

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 3599-3618, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.037655

    Abstract This paper presents a robust multi-stage security solution based on fusion, encryption, and watermarking processes to transmit color healthcare images, efficiently. The presented solution depends on the features of discrete cosine transform (DCT), lifting wavelet transform (LWT), and singular value decomposition (SVD). The primary objective of this proposed solution is to ensure robustness for the color medical watermarked images against transmission attacks. During watermark embedding, the host color medical image is transformed into four sub-bands by employing three stages of LWT. The resulting low-frequency sub-band is then transformed by employing three stages of DCT followed by SVD operation. Furthermore, a… More >

  • Open Access


    Robust Image Watermarking Using LWT and Stochastic Gradient Firefly Algorithm

    Sachin Sharma1,*, Meena Malik2, Chander Prabha3, Amal Al-Rasheed4, Mona Alduailij4, Sultan Almakdi5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.1, pp. 393-407, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.033536

    Abstract Watermarking of digital images is required in diversified applications ranging from medical imaging to commercial images used over the web. Usually, the copyright information is embossed over the image in the form of a logo at the corner or diagonal text in the background. However, this form of visible watermarking is not suitable for a large class of applications. In all such cases, a hidden watermark is embedded inside the original image as proof of ownership. A large number of techniques and algorithms are proposed by researchers for invisible watermarking. In this paper, we focus on issues that are critical… More >

  • Open Access


    Contourlet and Gould Transforms for Hybrid Image Watermarking in RGB Color Images

    Reena Thomas1,*, M. Sucharitha2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.33, No.2, pp. 879-889, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.024070

    Abstract The major intention of this work is to introduce a novel hybrid image watermarking technique for RGB color images. This hybrid watermarking algorithm uses two transforms such as Contourlet and Gould transform. The Contourlet transform is used as first stage while the Gould transform is used as second stage. In the watermark embedding phase, the R, G and B channels are transformed using Contourlet transform. The bandpass directional sub band coefficients of Contourlet transformed image are then divided into sub-blocks. The sub-blocks are then transformed using Gould transform and the watermark information is embedded on the initial coefficients of each… More >

  • Open Access


    Analytic Beta-Wavelet Transform-Based Digital Image Watermarking for Secure Transmission

    Hesham Alhumyani1,*, Ibrahim Alrube1, Sameer Alsharif1, Ashraf Afifi1, Chokri Ben Amar1, Hala S. El-Sayed2, Osama S. Faragallah3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.3, pp. 4657-4673, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.020338

    Abstract The rapid development in the information technology field has introduced digital watermark technologies as a solution to prevent unauthorized copying and redistribution of data. This article introduces a self-embedded image verification and integrity scheme. The images are firstly split into dedicated segments of the same block sizes. Then, different Analytic Beta-Wavelet (ABW) orthogonal filters are utilized for embedding a self-segment watermark for image segment using a predefined method. ABW orthogonal filter coefficients are estimated to improve image reconstruction under different block sizes. We conduct a comparative study comparing the watermarked images using three kinds of ABW filters for block sizes… More >

  • Open Access


    A Triple-Channel Encrypted Hybrid Fusion Technique to Improve Security of Medical Images

    Ahmed S. Salama1,2,3, Mohamed Amr Mokhtar3, Mazhar B. Tayel3, Esraa Eldesouky4,6, Ahmed Ali5,6,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.1, pp. 431-446, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.016165

    Abstract Assuring medical images protection and robustness is a compulsory necessity nowadays. In this paper, a novel technique is proposed that fuses the wavelet-induced multi-resolution decomposition of the Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) with the energy compaction of the Discrete Wavelet Transform (DCT). The multi-level Encryption-based Hybrid Fusion Technique (EbhFT) aims to achieve great advances in terms of imperceptibility and security of medical images. A DWT disintegrated sub-band of a cover image is reformed simultaneously using the DCT transform. Afterwards, a 64-bit hex key is employed to encrypt the host image as well as participate in the second key creation process to… More >

  • Open Access


    A Robust Image Watermarking Scheme Using Z-Transform, Discrete Wavelet Transform and Bidiagonal Singular Value Decomposition

    N. Jayashree1,*, R. S. Bhuvaneswaran1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.58, No.1, pp. 263-285, 2019, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2019.03924

    Abstract Watermarking is a widely used solution to the problems of authentication and copyright protection of digital media especially for images, videos, and audio data. Chaos is one of the emerging techniques adopted in image watermarking schemes due to its intrinsic cryptographic properties. This paper proposes a new chaotic hybrid watermarking method combining Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT), Z-transform (ZT) and Bidiagonal Singular Value Decomposition (BSVD). The original image is decomposed into 3-level DWT, and then, ZT is applied on the HH3 and HL3 sub-bands. The watermark image is encrypted using Arnold Cat Map. BSVD for the watermark and transformed original image… More >

  • Open Access


    Self-embedding Image Watermarking based on Combined Decision Using Pre-offset and Post-offset Blocks

    Daofu Gong1,2, Yan Chen1,2, Haoyu Lu1,*, Zhenyu Li3, Yibing Han1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.57, No.2, pp. 243-260, 2018, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2018.03781

    Abstract To detect and recover random tampering areas, a combined-decision-based self-embedding watermarking scheme is proposed herein. In this scheme, the image is first partitioned into 2×2 size blocks. Next, the high 5 bits of a block’s average value is embedded into its offset block. The tampering type of block is detected by comparing the watermarks of its pre-offset and post-offset blocks. The theoretical analysis and experiments demonstrate that the proposed scheme not only has a lower ratio of false detection but also better performance with regard to avoiding random tampering. More >

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