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  • Open Access


    A Comprehensive Analysis of Datasets for Automotive Intrusion Detection Systems

    Seyoung Lee1, Wonsuk Choi1, Insup Kim2, Ganggyu Lee2, Dong Hoon Lee1,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.3, pp. 3413-3442, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.039583

    Abstract Recently, automotive intrusion detection systems (IDSs) have emerged as promising defense approaches to counter attacks on in-vehicle networks (IVNs). However, the effectiveness of IDSs relies heavily on the quality of the datasets used for training and evaluation. Despite the availability of several datasets for automotive IDSs, there has been a lack of comprehensive analysis focusing on assessing these datasets. This paper aims to address the need for dataset assessment in the context of automotive IDSs. It proposes qualitative and quantitative metrics that are independent of specific automotive IDSs, to evaluate the quality of datasets. These… More >

  • Open Access


    Ensemble-Based Approach for Efficient Intrusion Detection in Network Traffic

    Ammar Almomani1,2,*, Iman Akour3, Ahmed M. Manasrah4,5, Omar Almomani6, Mohammad Alauthman7, Esra’a Abdullah1, Amaal Al Shwait1, Razan Al Sharaa1

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.2, pp. 2499-2517, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.039687

    Abstract The exponential growth of Internet and network usage has necessitated heightened security measures to protect against data and network breaches. Intrusions, executed through network packets, pose a significant challenge for firewalls to detect and prevent due to the similarity between legitimate and intrusion traffic. The vast network traffic volume also complicates most network monitoring systems and algorithms. Several intrusion detection methods have been proposed, with machine learning techniques regarded as promising for dealing with these incidents. This study presents an Intrusion Detection System Based on Stacking Ensemble Learning base (Random Forest, Decision Tree, and k-Nearest-Neighbors). More >

  • Open Access


    XA-GANomaly: An Explainable Adaptive Semi-Supervised Learning Method for Intrusion Detection Using GANomaly

    Yuna Han1, Hangbae Chang2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.1, pp. 221-237, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.039463

    Abstract Intrusion detection involves identifying unauthorized network activity and recognizing whether the data constitute an abnormal network transmission. Recent research has focused on using semi-supervised learning mechanisms to identify abnormal network traffic to deal with labeled and unlabeled data in the industry. However, real-time training and classifying network traffic pose challenges, as they can lead to the degradation of the overall dataset and difficulties preventing attacks. Additionally, existing semi-supervised learning research might need to analyze the experimental results comprehensively. This paper proposes XA-GANomaly, a novel technique for explainable adaptive semi-supervised learning using GANomaly, an image anomalous… More >

  • Open Access


    Improved Monarchy Butterfly Optimization Algorithm (IMBO): Intrusion Detection Using Mapreduce Framework Based Optimized ANU-Net

    Kunda Suresh Babu, Yamarthi Narasimha Rao*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.3, pp. 5887-5909, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.037486

    Abstract The demand for cybersecurity is rising recently due to the rapid improvement of network technologies. As a primary defense mechanism, an intrusion detection system (IDS) was anticipated to adapt and secure computing infrastructures from the constantly evolving, sophisticated threat landscape. Recently, various deep learning methods have been put forth; however, these methods struggle to recognize all forms of assaults, especially infrequent attacks, because of network traffic imbalances and a shortage of aberrant traffic samples for model training. This work introduces deep learning (DL) based Attention based Nested U-Net (ANU-Net) for intrusion detection to address these… More >

  • Open Access


    Intrusion Detection Using Federated Learning for Computing

    R. S. Aashmi1,*, T. Jaya2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.45, No.2, pp. 1295-1308, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.027216

    Abstract The integration of clusters, grids, clouds, edges and other computing platforms result in contemporary technology of jungle computing. This novel technique has the aptitude to tackle high performance computation systems and it manages the usage of all computing platforms at a time. Federated learning is a collaborative machine learning approach without centralized training data. The proposed system effectively detects the intrusion attack without human intervention and subsequently detects anomalous deviations in device communication behavior, potentially caused by malicious adversaries and it can emerge with new and unknown attacks. The main objective is to learn overall… More >

  • Open Access


    Classification Model for IDS Using Auto Cryptographic Denoising Technique

    N. Karthikeyan2, P. Sivaprakash1,*, S. Karthik2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.45, No.1, pp. 671-685, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.029984

    Abstract Intrusion detection systems (IDS) are one of the most promising ways for securing data and networks; In recent decades, IDS has used a variety of categorization algorithms. These classifiers, on the other hand, do not work effectively unless they are combined with additional algorithms that can alter the classifier’s parameters or select the optimal sub-set of features for the problem. Optimizers are used in tandem with classifiers to increase the stability and with efficiency of the classifiers in detecting invasion. These algorithms, on the other hand, have a number of limitations, particularly when used to… More >

  • Open Access


    Intrusion Detection Using Ensemble Wrapper Filter Based Feature Selection with Stacking Model

    D. Karthikeyan1,*, V. Mohan Raj2, J. Senthilkumar2, Y. Suresh2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.35, No.1, pp. 645-659, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.027039

    Abstract The number of attacks is growing tremendously in tandem with the growth of internet technologies. As a result, protecting the private data from prying eyes has become a critical and tough undertaking. Many intrusion detection solutions have been offered by researchers in order to decrease the effect of these attacks. For attack detection, the prior system has created an SMSRPF (Stacking Model Significant Rule Power Factor) classifier. To provide creative instance detection, the SMSRPF combines the detection of trained classifiers such as DT (Decision Tree) and RF (Random Forest). Nevertheless, it does not generate any… More >

  • Open Access


    Behavioral Intrusion Prediction Model on Bayesian Network over Healthcare Infrastructure

    Mohammad Hafiz Mohd Yusof1,*, Abdullah Mohd Zin2, Nurhizam Safie Mohd Satar2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.72, No.2, pp. 2445-2466, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.023571

    Abstract Due to polymorphic nature of malware attack, a signature-based analysis is no longer sufficient to solve polymorphic and stealth nature of malware attacks. On the other hand, state-of-the-art methods like deep learning require labelled dataset as a target to train a supervised model. This is unlikely to be the case in production network as the dataset is unstructured and has no label. Hence an unsupervised learning is recommended. Behavioral study is one of the techniques to elicit traffic pattern. However, studies have shown that existing behavioral intrusion detection model had a few issues which had… More >

  • Open Access


    Enhanced Route Optimization for Wireless Networks Using Meta-Heuristic Engineering

    S. Navaneetha Krishnan1, P. Sundara Vadivel2,*, D. Yuvaraj3, T. Satyanarayana Murthy4, Sree Jagadeesh Malla5, S. Nachiyappan6, S. Shanmuga Priya7

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.43, No.1, pp. 17-26, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.021590

    Abstract Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) are commonly used to observe and monitor precise environments. WSNs consist of a large number of inexpensive sensor nodes that have been separated and distributed in different environments. The base station received the amount of data collected by the numerous sensors. The current developments designate that the attentFgion in applications of WSNs has been increased and extended to a very large scale. The Trust-Based Adaptive Acknowledgement (TRAACK) Intrusion-Detection System for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) is described based on the number of active positive deliveries and The Kalman filter used in Modified More >

  • Open Access


    Optimized Fuzzy Enabled Semi-Supervised Intrusion Detection System for Attack Prediction

    Gautham Praveen Ramalingam1, R. Arockia Xavier Annie1, Shobana Gopalakrishnan2,*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.32, No.3, pp. 1479-1492, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.022211

    Abstract Detection of intrusion plays an important part in data protection. Intruders will carry out attacks from a compromised user account without being identified. The key technology is the effective detection of sundry threats inside the network. However, process automation is experiencing expanded use of information communication systems, due to high versatility of interoperability and ease off 34 administration. Traditional knowledge technology intrusion detection systems are not completely tailored to process automation. The combined use of fuzziness-based and RNN-IDS is therefore highly suited to high-precision classification, and its efficiency is better compared to that of conventional More >

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