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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator 2 as a prognostic biomarker and immunotherapeutic indicator for clear cell renal cell carcinoma

    RENLONG ZHOU1,2,#, SHUANG LI3,#, XILIN XIAO1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.11, pp. 2397-2408, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.030281

    Abstract Background: In many cancer types, aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator 2 (ARNT2) has been found to be associated with tumor cell proliferation and prognosis. However, the role of ARNT2 in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) has not been completely elucidated. In this study, the potential role of ARNT2 in ccRCC development was characterized. Methods: A pan-cancer dataset (TCGA-TARGET-GTEx) was accessed from UCSC Xena Data Browser. ARNT2 expression in normal and tumor samples was compared. Univariate Cox regression was performed to evaluate the prognostic value of ARNT2. Single sample gene set enrichment analysis (ssGSEA) was used to estimate the enrichment… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Analysis of functional hub genes indicates DLGAP5 is linked to lung adenocarcinoma prognosis

    HAOSHENG ZHENG1,#, RUIJUN LIN2,#, WEIJIE CAI1, YUZHEN ZHENG1, XINGPING YANG1, ZUI LIU1, FEI QIN1, YONGJIE CAI3, XIANYU QIN1,*, HONGYING LIAO1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.11, pp. 2453-2469, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.030032

    Abstract Introduction: The difficulty in treating lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is caused by a shortage of knowledge about the biological mechanisms and a lack of treatment choices. Objectives: The aim of this study was to identify a valuable molecular target for the treatment of LUAD. Methods: Using multiple databases, we screened for hub genes in LUAD using Cytoscape and explored the expression and prognosis of DLG associated protein 5 (DLGAP5) in LUAD. We investigated the genetic variation, functional enrichment, and epigenetic activity of DLGAP5. Furthermore, we evaluated the relationship between the tumor microenvironment (TME) and DLGAP5. Results: Our study identified 10 hub… More > Graphic Abstract

    Analysis of functional hub genes indicates DLGAP5 is linked to lung adenocarcinoma prognosis

  • Open Access

    EDITORIAL

    Editorial: Transcriptome analysis in tumor microenvironment and tumor heterogeneity

    JINHUI LIU1,*, JIAHENG XIE2,*, PEIXIN DONG3

    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.1, pp. 99-100, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.045719

    Abstract This article has no abstract. More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    New perspectives on biology, disease progression, and therapy response of head and neck cancer gained from single cell RNA sequencing and spatial transcriptomics

    GERWIN HELLER1,*, THORSTEN FUEREDER1, ALEXANDER MICHAEL GRANDITS1, ROTRAUD WIESER1,2,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.1, pp. 1-17, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.044774

    Abstract Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is one of the most frequent cancers worldwide. The main risk factors are consumption of tobacco products and alcohol, as well as infection with human papilloma virus. Approved therapeutic options comprise surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, targeted therapy through epidermal growth factor receptor inhibition, and immunotherapy, but outcome has remained unsatisfactory due to recurrence rates of ~50% and the frequent occurrence of second primaries. The availability of the human genome sequence at the beginning of the millennium heralded the omics era, in which rapid technological progress has advanced our knowledge of the molecular biology of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    TonEBP expression is essential in the IL-1β–induced migration and invasion of human A549 lung cancer cells

    HEE JU SONG, TAEHEE KIM, HAN NA CHOI, SOO JIN KIM, SANG DO LEE*

    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.1, pp. 151-161, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.030690

    Abstract Lung cancer has the highest mortality rate among all cancers, in part because it readily metastasizes. The tumor microenvironment, comprising blood vessels, fibroblasts, immune cells, and macrophages [including tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs)], is closely related to cancer cell growth, migration, and invasion. TAMs secrete several cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-1β, which participate in cancer migration and invasion. p21-activated kinase 1 (PAK1), an important signaling molecule, induces cell migration and invasion in several carcinomas. Tonicity-responsive enhancer-binding protein (TonEBP) is also known to participate in cancer cell growth, migration, and invasion. However, the mechanisms by which it increases lung cancer migration remain unclear. Therefore,… More > Graphic Abstract

    TonEBP expression is essential in the IL-1β–induced migration and invasion of human A549 lung cancer cells

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Opportunities and challenges of CD47-targeted therapy in cancer immunotherapy

    QIUQIANG CHEN1,*, XUEJUN GUO2, WENXUE MA3,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.1, pp. 49-60, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.042383

    Abstract Cancer immunotherapy has emerged as a promising strategy for the treatment of cancer, with the tumor microenvironment (TME) playing a pivotal role in modulating the immune response. CD47, a cell surface protein, has been identified as a crucial regulator of the TME and a potential therapeutic target for cancer therapy. However, the precise functions and implications of CD47 in the TME during immunotherapy for cancer patients remain incompletely understood. This comprehensive review aims to provide an overview of CD47’s multifaced role in TME regulation and immune evasion, elucidating its impact on various types of immunotherapy outcomes, including checkpoint inhibitors and… More > Graphic Abstract

    Opportunities and challenges of CD47-targeted therapy in cancer immunotherapy

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Progress in research on tumor microenvironment-based spatial omics technologies

    FANGMEI XIE1,#, NAITE XI1,#, ZEPING HAN1,#, WENFENG LUO1, JIAN SHEN1, JINGGENG LUO2, XINGKUI TANG2, TING PANG1, YUBING LV1, JIABING LIANG1, LIYIN LIAO1, HAOYU ZHANG1, YONG JIANG1, YUGUANG LI3,*, JINHUA HE1,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.31, No.6, pp. 877-885, 2023, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.029494

    Abstract Spatial omics technology integrates the concept of space into omics research and retains the spatial information of tissues or organs while obtaining molecular information. It is characterized by the ability to visualize changes in molecular information and yields intuitive and vivid visual results. Spatial omics technologies include spatial transcriptomics, spatial proteomics, spatial metabolomics, and other technologies, the most widely used of which are spatial transcriptomics and spatial proteomics. The tumor microenvironment refers to the surrounding microenvironment in which tumor cells exist, including the surrounding blood vessels, immune cells, fibroblasts, bone marrow-derived inflammatory cells, various signaling molecules, and extracellular matrix. A… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Prognostic-related genes for pancreatic cancer typing and immunotherapy response prediction based on single-cell sequencing data and bulk sequencing data

    XUEFENG WANG1,#, SICONG JIANG2,#, XINHONG ZHOU3, XIAOFENG WANG4, LAN LI5, JIANJUN TANG1,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.31, No.5, pp. 697-714, 2023, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.029458

    Abstract Background: Pancreatic cancer is associated with high mortality and is one of the most aggressive of malignancies, but studies have not fully evaluated its molecular subtypes, prognosis and response to immunotherapy of different subtypes. The purpose of this study was to explore the molecular subtypes and the key genes associated with the prognosis of pancreas cancer patients and study the clinical phenotype, prognosis and response to immunotherapy using single-cell seq data and bulk RNA seq data, and data retrieved from GEO and TCGA databases. Methods: Single-cell seq data and bioinformatics methods were used in this study. Pancreatic cancer data were… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Elucidating the clinical and immunological value of m6A regulator-mediated methylation modification patterns in adrenocortical carcinoma

    WENHAO XU1,#, HAOMING LI2,#, YASIR HAMEED3, MOSTAFA A. ABDEL-MAKSOUD4, SAEEDAH MUSAED ALMUTAIRI4, AYMAN MUBARAK4, MOHAMMED AUFY5, WAEL ALTURAIKI6, ABDULAZIZ J. ALSHALANI6, AYMAN M. MAHMOUD7,*, CHEN LI8,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.31, No.5, pp. 819-831, 2023, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.029414

    Abstract N6-methyladenosine methylation (m6A) is a common type of epigenetic alteration that prominently affects the prognosis of tumor patients. However, it is unknown how the m6A regulator affects the tumor microenvironment (TME) cell infiltration in adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) and how it affects the prognosis of ACC patients yet. The m6A alteration patterns of 112 ACC patients were evaluated, furthermore, the association with immune infiltration cell features was investigated. The unsupervised clustering method was applied to typify the m6A alteration patterns of ACC patients. The principal component analysis (PCA) technique was taken to create the m6A score to assess the alteration pattern… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Comprehensive analysis of the role of immune-related PANoptosis lncRNA model in renal clear cell carcinoma based on RNA transcriptome and single-cell sequencing

    WUYAO LIU, CHANGBAO QU, XIAOLU WANG*

    Oncology Research, Vol.31, No.4, pp. 543-567, 2023, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.029563

    Abstract The high immune infiltration and heterogeneity of the microenvironment in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) result in the variability of prognosis and clinical response. While PANoptosis has strong immunogenicity and is worthy of further study. In this study, data from The Cancer Genome Atlas database was used to obtain immune-related PANoptosis lncRNAs with prognostic value. Subsequently, the role of these lncRNAs in cancer immunity, progression and the therapeutic response was analyzed, and a new prediction model was constructed. Additionally, we further explored the biological value of PANoptosis-related lncRNAs using single-cell data from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. PANoptosis-associated lncRNAs… More >

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