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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multi-Strategy Assisted Multi-Objective Whale Optimization Algorithm for Feature Selection

    Deng Yang1, Chong Zhou1,*, Xuemeng Wei2, Zhikun Chen3, Zheng Zhang4

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.2, pp. 1563-1593, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.048049

    Abstract In classification problems, datasets often contain a large amount of features, but not all of them are relevant for accurate classification. In fact, irrelevant features may even hinder classification accuracy. Feature selection aims to alleviate this issue by minimizing the number of features in the subset while simultaneously minimizing the classification error rate. Single-objective optimization approaches employ an evaluation function designed as an aggregate function with a parameter, but the results obtained depend on the value of the parameter. To eliminate this parameter’s influence, the problem can be reformulated as a multi-objective optimization problem. The… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimizing Sustainability: Exergoenvironmental Analysis of a Multi-Effect Distillation with Thermal Vapor Compression System for Seawater Desalination

    Zineb Fergani1, Zakaria Triki1, Rabah Menasri1, Hichem Tahraoui1,2,*, Meriem Zamouche3, Mohammed Kebir4, Jie Zhang5, Abdeltif Amrane6,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.22, No.2, pp. 455-473, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2024.050332

    Abstract Seawater desalination stands as an increasingly indispensable solution to address global water scarcity issues. This study conducts a thorough exergoenvironmental analysis of a multi-effect distillation with thermal vapor compression (MED-TVC) system, a highly promising desalination technology. The MED-TVC system presents an energy-efficient approach to desalination by harnessing waste heat sources and incorporating thermal vapor compression. The primary objective of this research is to assess the system’s thermodynamic efficiency and environmental impact, considering both energy and exergy aspects. The investigation delves into the intricacies of energy and exergy losses within the MED-TVC process, providing a holistic… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multi-Objective Optimization Algorithm for Grouping Decision Variables Based on Extreme Point Pareto Frontier

    Jun Wang1,2, Linxi Zhang1,2, Hao Zhang1, Funan Peng1,*, Mohammed A. El-Meligy3, Mohamed Sharaf3, Qiang Fu1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 1281-1299, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048495

    Abstract The existing algorithms for solving multi-objective optimization problems fall into three main categories: Decomposition-based, dominance-based, and indicator-based. Traditional multi-objective optimization problems mainly focus on objectives, treating decision variables as a total variable to solve the problem without considering the critical role of decision variables in objective optimization. As seen, a variety of decision variable grouping algorithms have been proposed. However, these algorithms are relatively broad for the changes of most decision variables in the evolution process and are time-consuming in the process of finding the Pareto frontier. To solve these problems, a multi-objective optimization algorithm… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Large-Scale Multi-Objective Optimization Algorithm Based on Weighted Overlapping Grouping of Decision Variables

    Liang Chen1, Jingbo Zhang1, Linjie Wu1, Xingjuan Cai1,2,*, Yubin Xu1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 363-383, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.049044

    Abstract The large-scale multi-objective optimization algorithm (LSMOA), based on the grouping of decision variables, is an advanced method for handling high-dimensional decision variables. However, in practical problems, the interaction among decision variables is intricate, leading to large group sizes and suboptimal optimization effects; hence a large-scale multi-objective optimization algorithm based on weighted overlapping grouping of decision variables (MOEAWOD) is proposed in this paper. Initially, the decision variables are perturbed and categorized into convergence and diversity variables; subsequently, the convergence variables are subdivided into groups based on the interactions among different decision variables. If the size of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multi-Objective Optimization of Aluminum Alloy Electric Bus Frame Connectors for Enhanced Durability

    Wenjun Zhou1,2, Mingzhi Yang1, Qian Peng2, Yong Peng1,*, Kui Wang1, Qiang Xiao1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 735-755, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.047258

    Abstract The widespread adoption of aluminum alloy electric buses, known for their energy efficiency and eco-friendliness, faces a challenge due to the aluminum frame’s susceptibility to deformation compared to steel. This issue is further exacerbated by the stringent requirements imposed by the flammability and explosiveness of batteries, necessitating robust frame protection. Our study aims to optimize the connectors of aluminum alloy bus frames, emphasizing durability, energy efficiency, and safety. This research delves into Multi-Objective Coordinated Optimization (MCO) techniques for lightweight design in aluminum alloy bus body connectors. Our goal is to enhance lightweighting, reinforce energy absorption,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    MOALG: A Metaheuristic Hybrid of Multi-Objective Ant Lion Optimizer and Genetic Algorithm for Solving Design Problems

    Rashmi Sharma1, Ashok Pal1, Nitin Mittal2, Lalit Kumar2, Sreypov Van3, Yunyoung Nam3,*, Mohamed Abouhawwash4,5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3489-3510, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.046606

    Abstract This study proposes a hybridization of two efficient algorithm’s Multi-objective Ant Lion Optimizer Algorithm (MOALO) which is a multi-objective enhanced version of the Ant Lion Optimizer Algorithm (ALO) and the Genetic Algorithm (GA). MOALO version has been employed to address those problems containing many objectives and an archive has been employed for retaining the non-dominated solutions. The uniqueness of the hybrid is that the operators like mutation and crossover of GA are employed in the archive to update the solutions and later those solutions go through the process of MOALO. A first-time hybrid of these… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    GNN Representation Learning and Multi-Objective Variable Neighborhood Search Algorithm for Wind Farm Layout Optimization

    Yingchao Li1,*, Jianbin Wang1, Haibin Wang2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.4, pp. 1049-1065, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.045228

    Abstract With the increasing demand for electrical services, wind farm layout optimization has been one of the biggest challenges that we have to deal with. Despite the promising performance of the heuristic algorithm on the route network design problem, the expressive capability and search performance of the algorithm on multi-objective problems remain unexplored. In this paper, the wind farm layout optimization problem is defined. Then, a multi-objective algorithm based on Graph Neural Network (GNN) and Variable Neighborhood Search (VNS) algorithm is proposed. GNN provides the basis representations for the following search algorithm so that the expressiveness… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Electric Vehicle Charging Load Optimization Strategy Based on Dynamic Time-of-Use Tariff

    Shuwei Zhong, Yanbo Che*, Shangyuan Zhang

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.3, pp. 603-618, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.044667

    Abstract Electric vehicle (EV) is an ideal solution to resolve the carbon emission issue and the fossil fuels scarcity problem in the future. However, a large number of EVs will be concentrated on charging during the valley hours leading to new load peaks under the guidance of static time-of-use tariff. Therefore, this paper proposes a dynamic time-of-use tariff mechanism, which redefines the peak and valley time periods according to the predicted loads using the fuzzy C-mean (FCM) clustering algorithm, and then dynamically adjusts the peak and valley tariffs according to the actual load of each time… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Deep Neural Network Architecture Search via Decomposition-Based Multi-Objective Stochastic Fractal Search

    Hongshang Xu1, Bei Dong1,2,*, Xiaochang Liu1, Xiaojun Wu1,2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.38, No.2, pp. 185-202, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.041177

    Abstract Deep neural networks often outperform classical machine learning algorithms in solving real-world problems. However, designing better networks usually requires domain expertise and consumes significant time and computing resources. Moreover, when the task changes, the original network architecture becomes outdated and requires redesigning. Thus, Neural Architecture Search (NAS) has gained attention as an effective approach to automatically generate optimal network architectures. Most NAS methods mainly focus on achieving high performance while ignoring architectural complexity. A myriad of research has revealed that network performance and structural complexity are often positively correlated. Nevertheless, complex network structures will bring… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Crashworthiness Design and Multi-Objective Optimization of Bionic Thin-Walled Hybrid Tube Structures

    Pingfan Li, Jiumei Xiao*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.1, pp. 999-1016, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.044059

    Abstract Thin-walled structures are widely used in cars due to their lightweight construction and energy-absorbing properties. However, issues such as high initial stress and low energy-absorbing efficiency arise. This study proposes a novel energy-absorbing structure in which a straight tube is combined with a conical tube and a bamboo-inspired bulkhead structure is introduced. This configuration allows the conical tube to flip outward first and then fold together with the straight tube. This deformation mode absorbs more energy and less peak force than the conical tube sinking and flipping inward. Through finite element numerical simulation, the specific More >

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