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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    HEAT TRANSFER ON MHD NANOFLUID FLOW OVER A SEMI INFINITE FLAT PLATE EMBEDDED IN A POROUS MEDIUM WITH RADIATION ABSORPTION, HEAT SOURCE AND DIFFUSION THERMO EFFECT

    N. Vedavathia , G. Dharmaiahb,* , K.S. Balamuruganc, J. Prakashd

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.9, pp. 1-8, 2017, DOI:10.5098/hmt.9.38

    Abstract The effects of radiation absorption, first order chemical reaction and diffusion thermo on MHD free convective heat and mass transfer flow of a nanofluid past a semi infinite vertical flat plate are analyzed. The temperature and concentration at the surface are assumed to be oscillatory type. Four types of cubic nano particles which are uniform and size namely, Silver (Ag), Aluminum (Al2O3), Copper (Cu) and Titanium Oxide (TiO2) with water as a base fluid is taken into account. The set of ordinary differential equations are solved by using regular perturbation technique. The impact of various flow More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    FLOW AND HEAT TRANSFER OF CARBON NANOFLUIDS OVER A VERTICAL PLATE

    Mahantesh M Nandeppanavara,*, S. Shakunthalab

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.9, pp. 1-10, 2017, DOI:10.5098/hmt.9.27

    Abstract In this paper, the buoyancy effect on flow and heat transfer characteristics of nanofluid in presence of carbon nanotubes due to a vertical plate is investigated. The obtained nonlinear PDE’s are converted to the non-linear ordinary differential equations by applying the similarity transformations corresponding to the boundary conditions. These boundary value problems are solved numerically using fourth order Runge-kutta method together with the efficient shooting iteration scheme. The nature of the flow and heat transfer are plotted and discussed in detail. It is noticed that buoyancy effect is very useful in cooling the system and More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THERMAL RADIATION EFFECTS ON MHD FLOW OF NANOFLUIDS AND HEAT TRANSFER OVER A STRETCHING SHEET

    T. Sravan Kumar, B. Rushi Kumar*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.9, pp. 1-7, 2017, DOI:10.5098/hmt.9.13

    Abstract In this work, the steady natural convective boundary layer flow of nanofluid and heat transfer over a stretching sheet in the presence of a uniform transverse magnetic field is investigated. We consider two different base fluids and three different nanoparticles were examined as nanofluid. A new model was used in the simulation of nanofluid. Similarity transformations are used to obtain a system of nonlinear ordinary differential equations. The resulting equations are solved numerically by shooting method with Runge-Kutta fourth order scheme (MATLAB package). The effects of various parameters describing the transport in the presence of More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    HEAT EXCHANGES INTENSIFICATION THROUGH A FLAT PLAT SOLAR COLLECTOR BY USING NANOFLUIDS AS WORKING FLUID

    A. Maouassia,b,*, A. Baghidjaa,b, S. Douadc , N. Zeraibic

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.10, pp. 1-7, 2018, DOI:10.5098/hmt.10.35

    Abstract This paper illustrates how practical application of nanofluids as working fluid to enhance solar flat plate collector efficiency. A numerical investigation of laminar convective heat transfer flow throw a solar collector is conducted, by using CuO-water nanofluids. The effectiveness of these nanofluids is compared to conventional working fluid (water), wherein Reynolds number and nanoparticle volume concentration in the ranges of 25– 900 and 0–10 % respectively. The effects of Reynolds number and nanoparticles concentration on the skin-friction and heat transfer coefficients are presented and discussed later in this paper. Results show that the heat transfer More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    IMPACT OF THERMAL RADIATION AND CHEMICAL REACTION ON UNSTEADY 2D FLOW OF MAGNETIC-NANOFLUIDS OVER AN ELONGATED PLATE EMBEDDED WITH FERROUS NANOPARTICLES

    S.P. Samrat, C. Sulochana* , G.P. Ashwinkumar

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.10, pp. 1-8, 2018, DOI:10.5098/hmt.10.31

    Abstract This study reports the flow, thermal and concentration attributes of magnetic-nanofluids past an elongated plate with thermal radiation and chemical reaction. The flow considered is two-dimensional and time-dependent. The pressure gradient and ohmic heating terms are neglected in this analysis. The flow governing PDEs are transformed into ODEs using appropriate conversions. Further, the set of ODEs are solved analytically using perturbation technique. The flow quantities such as velocity, thermal and concentration fields are discussed under the influence of various pertinent parameters namely volume fraction of nanoparticle, magnetic field, stretching parameter, Soret number, radiation and chemical More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    DEVELOPMENT OF A HEAT PIPE AND GREY BASED TAGUCHI METHOD FOR MULTI-OUTPUT OPTIMIZATION TO IMPROVE THERMAL PERFORMANCE USING HYBRID NANOFLUIDS

    Mohammed Yunus*, Mohammad S. Alsoufi

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-8, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.11

    Abstract Swift cooling systems, improved microprocessor chips, processors’ performance and power usage have increased production of an enormous amount of heat and high operating temperatures due to excess heat flux density in the field of microelectronics. A rapid cooling of electronic circuits and heat dissipation for the same size of pipe with the present technology as nano size circuits critically generate high heat flux beyond 100 W/cm2 is currently the challenging task with which we are presented. Cooling in the form of heat transfer should be managed using both thermal conductivity (evaporation) and phase transition (condensation)… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION AND ANALYSIS OF HEAT TRANSFER ENHANCEMENT IN A MICROCHANNEL USING NANOFLUIDS BY THE LATTICE BOLTZMANN METHOD

    Rahouadja Zarita*, Madjid Hachemi

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-12, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.5

    Abstract In this work, heat transfer enhancement in a microchannel using water-Ag nanofluid has been investigated numerically by the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) by adopting the stream and collide algorithm, with the (BGK) approximation. The base fluid and the suspended nanoparticles are considered as a homogeneous mixture. And single phase model with first order slip and jump boundary conditions has been adopted. Thermophysical properties of water-Ag nanofluid are estimated by the theoretical models. Effects of change in nanoparticle volume fractions, Reynolds number and Knudsen number are considered. It was concluded that change in nanoparticle volume fractions More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    NATURAL CONVECTION OF NANOFLUIDS PAST AN ACCELERATED VERTICAL PLATE WITH VARIABLE WALL TEMPERATURE BY PRESENCE OF THE RADIATION

    H. Astutia, P. Srib, S. Kaprawia,†

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.13, pp. 1-8, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.13.3

    Abstract The natural convection of the nanofluids from a vertical accelerated plate in the presence of the radiation flux and magnetic field is observed in this study. Initially, the plate with a temperature higher than the temperature of nanofluids is at rest and then it accelerates moving upward and then the wall temperature decreases. The governing unsteady equations are solved by the explicit method based on the forward finite difference. Three different types of water-based nanofluids containing copper Cu, aluminum oxide Al2O3 and titanium dioxide TiO2 are taken into consideration. The hydrodynamic and thermal performance of the More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    ETHYLENE GLYCOL-BASED NANOFLUIDS – ESTIMATION OF STABILITY AND THERMOPHYSICAL PROPERTIES

    S. Ravi Tejaa , Chellapilla V. K. N. S. N. Moorthyb,*, S. Jayakumarc , Ayyagari Kiran Kumard , V. Srinivasc,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.15, pp. 1-9, 2020, DOI:10.5098/hmt.15.7

    Abstract This article is a summary of research involving the evaluation of the thermo-physical properties of Mono-ethylene - glycol-based solar thermic fluids oxidized multiwalled carbon nanotubes. Nanofluids were prepared with Mono-ethylene glycol and water as base fluids in 100:0, 90:10 and 80:20 ratios. These base fluids of three categories were dispersed with purified and oxidized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) in the weight fractions of 0.125, 0.25 and 0.5 percentages. The variation in zeta potential is studied to examine the dispersion stability during 2 months. Thermal conductivity and dynamic viscosity were measured by hot disk method and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Stability and Thermal Property Optimization of Propylene Glycol-Based MWCNT Nanofluids

    Xi Wang1, Shan Qing1,*, Zhumei Luo1,*, Yiqin Liu1,2, Zichang Shi1, Jiachen Li1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.9, pp. 2399-2416, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.028024

    Abstract Propylene glycol-based MWCNT (multi-walled carbon nanotubes) nanofluids were prepared in the framework of a two-step method and by using a suitable PVP (polyvinyl pyrrolidone) dispersant. The BBD (Box-Behnken design) model was exploited to analyze 17 sets of experiments and examine the sensitivity of the absorbance to three parameters, namely the concentration of MWCNT, the SN ratio (mass ratio of carbon nanotubes to surfactants) and the sonication time. The results have revealed that, while the SN ratio and concentration of MWCNT have a strong effect on the absorbance, the influence of the sonication time is less… More >

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