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  • Open Access


    Reciprocal Association between Psychological Distress and PTSD and Their Relationship with Pre-Displacement Stressors among Displaced Women

    Erhabor S. Idemudia1, Babatola D. Olawa1,*, Gail E. Wyatt2, Norweeta G. Milburn2

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.5, pp. 699-710, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.026852

    Abstract It is established in the psychological literature that pre-displacement stressors, PTSD symptoms, and psychological distress are associated among internally displaced persons. However, existing studies have not demonstrated the mechanism underlying these associations. This study compared two explanatory models; one with PTSD symptoms severity explaining the indirect association between pre-displacement stressors and psychological distress, and the other with psychological distress explaining the indirect relationship between pre-displacement stressors and PTSD symptoms severity. In a cross-sectional design, 631 women (Mean age = 31.18 ± 8.59) were conveniently and purposely selected from the displaced women harboured in two camps in Borno State, Nigeria, due… More >

  • Open Access


    The Use of Art Therapy in Alleviating Mental Health Symptoms in Refugees: A Literature Review

    Roza Zadeh#, Jigar Jogia*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.3, pp. 309-326, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.022491

    Abstract There are over thirty million refugees globally with severe experiences of trauma. Art therapy intervention allows for nonverbal expression and could alleviate mental health symptomatology among refugees. The present review’s aim was to integrate and summarize the previous research which examined the effects of visual arts on alleviating psychological conditions of refugees. However, due to the paucity of studies which solely used visual arts, we included studies that used visual arts alongside other modalities as part of an expressive arts therapy intervention. The present review synthesizes studies that examined the effect of art therapy on mental health issues of refugees… More >

  • Open Access


    COVID-19, Mental Health and Its Relationship with Workplace Accidents

    Shyla Del-Aguila-Arcentales1, Aldo Alvarez-Risco2, Diego Villalobos-Alvarez3, Mario Carhuapoma-Yance4, Jaime A. Yáñez5,6,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.24, No.4, pp. 503-509, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2022.020513

    Abstract The general objective of this article is to show the relationship that exists in the COVID-19 pandemic, the mental health of people and the propensity for work-related accidents in companies. Various results are shown that detail how COVID-19 has generated and is generating mental alterations in people such as post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD for its acronym in English. Likewise, data are presented that report the influence of mental health as a precursor to workplace accidents in different industries, with which it can be concluded that COVID-19 needs a comprehensive approach in companies to prevent it from negatively impacting workers and… More >

  • Open Access


    Mechanisms of the Formation and Involuntary Repetition of Trauma-Related Flashback: A Review of Major Theories of PTSD

    Ming Wang1, Jing Liu2,*, Qiwu Sun3,4, Wenzhen Zhu4

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.21, No.3, pp. 81-97, 2019, DOI:10.32604/IJMHP.2019.011010

    Abstract Trauma-related flashback is one of the typical symptoms of patients suffered from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which intrudes into the body and mind of patients uncontrobaly and repeatedly. Psychodynamic theories of mechanisms of the formation and involuntary repetition of trauma-related flashback establish a foundation for most cognitive theories of PTSD. Cognitive behavioral theories of PTSD, from the initial use of behavioristic principles (e.g., conditioning, alternative learning, generalization, etc.) to explain fear conditioning to the emphasis on the roles of cognitive and behavioral factors (e.g., cognitive model or schema, completion tendency, associative network, data-driven processing, analogue representation, etc.) in the representation… More >

  • Open Access


    Cognitive Intervention on the Flashback of Traumatic Event: Based on the Dual Representation Theory of PTSD

    Jing Liu1, Xuelian Chen1,*, Ming Wang2, Lin Cheng3

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.20, No.3, pp. 75-82, 2018, DOI:10.32604/IJMHP.2018.010857

    Abstract Flashback, related to the traumatic event, is a prominent symptom of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The dual representation theory (DRT) of PTSD emphasizes that the weakened contextual representation (C-rep), the enhanced sensory representation (S-rep) and the loss of connection between C-rep and S-rep play an important role in the formation and retrieval of flashback. DRT proposes that cognitive intervention tasks which inhibit S-rep or enhance C-rep can reduce flashbacks. And many studies have proved this theoretical hypothesis. In the future, simulation intervention studies should continue to strengthen, some clinical application studies should also be appropriately carried out. Besides, future researchers… More >

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