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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Component spectroscopic properties of light-harvesting complexes with DFT calculations

    SHYAM BADU1, SANJAY PRABHAKAR1,2, RODERICK MELNIK1,3,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.44, No.3, pp. 279-291, 2020, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2020.010916

    Abstract Photosynthesis is a fundamental process in biosciences and biotechnology that influences profoundly the research in other disciplines. In this paper, we focus on the characterization of fundamental components, present in pigment-protein complexes, in terms of their spectroscopic properties such as infrared spectra, nuclear magnetic resonance, as well as nuclear quadrupole resonance, which are of critical importance for many applications. Such components include chlorophylls and bacteriochlorophylls. Based on the density functional theory method, we calculate the main spectroscopic characteristics of these components for the Fenna-Matthews-Olson light-harvesting complex, analyze them and compare them with available experimental results. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Salt-Induced Changes in Physio-Biochemical and Antioxidant Defense System in Mustard Genotypes

    Md. Shakhawat Hossain1, Md. Daud Hossain1, Abdul Hannan2, Mirza Hasanuzzaman3, Md. Motiar Rohman4,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.89, No.3, pp. 541-559, 2020, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.010279

    Abstract Salinity stress is a major factor limiting plant growth and productivity of many crops including oilseed. The present study investigated the identification of salt tolerant mustard genotypes and better understanding the mechanism of salinity tolerance. Salt stresses significantly reduced relative water content (RWC), chlorophyll (Chl) content, K+ and K+ /Na+ ratio, photosynthetic rate (PN), transpiration rate (Tr), stomatal conductance (gs), intercellular CO2 concentration (Ci) and increased the levels of proline (Pro) and lipid peroxidation (MDA) contents, Na+ , superoxide (O2•− ) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in both tolerant and sensitive mustard genotypes. The tolerant genotypes maintained higher Pro and lower MDA… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Physiological responses of Allium cepa var. agrogarum L. plants to Cadmium stress

    Wang QL, DH Liu, JY Yue

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.85, pp. 270-282, 2016, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2016.85.270

    Abstract This study aimed to determine the effects of different Cd concentrations (0, 1, 10, 100, and 300 μM CdCl2) on Allium plantlets. To achieve this goal, we examined the (1) dynamics of Cd2+ flux in the rhizosphere, (2) partitioning of Cd between roots and leaves, (3) formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), (4) levels of H2O2 and chlorophyll, and (5) translocation of several macro- and micronutrients. A strong net Cd2+ influx was observed in the root apex after exposure to 100 μM Cd for 24 h. Exposure to either 1 or 10 μM Cd for 96 h More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Leaf photosynthetic characteristics in eight shaded Malaysian filmy ferns

    Nurul Hafiza MR, KT Yong, N Osman, A Nasrulhaq-Boyce

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.83, pp. 353-361, 2014, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2014.83.353

    Abstract The photosynthetic characteristics of eight Malaysian Hymenophyllaceae filmy ferns from shady habitats were investigated in this study. Chlorophyll content was highest in Trichomanes meifolium, followed by Cephalomanes obscurum, Hymenophyllum serrulatum, H. denticulatum, H. javanicum, H. acanthoides, H. exsertum and H. blandum, with values ranging from 3.3 to 8.6 mg/g fresh weight. Soluble protein content was remarkably high in H. serrulatum, with values of 53 ± 3.50 mg/g, followed by H. denticulatum, H. acanthoides, T. meifolium and the other species. Protein to chlorophyll ratios in the filmy ferns were low as expected, except for in H. serrulatum, H. acanthoides and H. denticulatum. Chloroplast number More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Responses of Conocarpus lancifolius to environmental stress: a case study in the semi-arid land of Kuwait

    Redha A, P Suleman, R Al-Hasan, M Afzal

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.81, pp. 181-190, 2012, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2012.81.181

    Abstract Cococarpus lancifolius Engl. grows wild in Djibouti, Somalia and East Africa, and South Asia. The species was introduced into Kuwait, where it is exposed to several stresses: oil pollution, salinity, high temperature and harsh climatic conditions. These conditions are prevalent in its semi-arid environment. In this study, the impact of salinity (2, 6 and 10%), temperature (20, 30 and 40 °C), polyethylene glycol (10, 30 and 60%) and drought has been investigated on C. lancifolius. Proline (Pro) accumulation (5.5 ± 0.03 µg/g dry weight; p≤0.05-0.005), protein (16.47 ± 0.052 mg/g; p≤0.001), free amino acids (10.92 ± 0.082… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Photosynthesis and water use efficiency of the association between Larrea tridentata (DC) Cov. and Muhlenbergia porteri Scribn

    Castellanos-Pérez1 E, AG de Soyza2, GB Donart3

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.77, pp. 297-320, 2008, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2008.77.297

    Abstract The study was conducted in the Chihuahuan Desert Rangeland Research Center, 32 km north of Las Cruces, NM, USA. Physiological responses of the shrub Larrea tridentata (DC) Cov. and the perennial grass Muhlenbergia porteri Scribn were determined from the summer 1997 to the winter 1998-99 when they grew together. In the summer 1997, Larrea tridentata competed for water with M. porteri, as shrubs growing alone showed higher integrated photosynthesis than shrubs in competition with M. porteri following a heavy rainfall event. Larrea tridentata had lower water use efficiency (WUE) than M. porteri plants. In the summer 1998, M. porteri had greater pre-dawn xylem… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Green Synthesis of Bimetallic Nanoparticles From Prosopis juliflora (Sw) DC., and Its Effect Against Cotton Mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae)

    V. Mendez-Trujillo1, B. Valdez-Salas2, M. Carrillo-Beltran2, M. A. Curiel-Alvarez2, O. Tzintzun-Camacho3, C. Ceceña-Duran3 and D. Gonzalez-Mendoza3,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.88, No.3, pp. 269-275, 2019, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2019.07316

    Abstract Phenacoccus solenopsis has been recognized as an aggressively invasive species on cotton plants in different countries. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of green synthesized Cu/Zn-nanoparticles using aqueous leaf extract of Prosopis juliflora (mezquite) against P. solenopsis. The scanning electron microscope (SEM) showed bimetallic nanoparticles of Cu/Zn-NPs with spherical shape with varying size of 74.33 nm to 59.46 nm. More than 30% mortality of P. solenopsis was observed with Cu/Zn-nanoparticles (100 ppm) at 96 hours after treatment. Negligible mortality of P. solenopsis was recorded with Cu/Zn solution (100 ppm) and aqueous P. juliflora More >

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