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  • Open Access


    Bond-Slip Behavior of Steel Bar and Recycled Steel Fibre-Reinforced Concrete

    Ismail Shah1,2, Jing Li1,3,4,*, Nauman Khan5, Hamad R. Almujibah6, Muhammad Mudassar Rehman2, Ali Raza7, Yun Peng3,4

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.12, No.1, pp. 167-186, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.031503

    Abstract Recycled steel fiber reinforced concrete is an innovative construction material that offers exceptional mechanical properties and durability. It is considered a sustainable material due to its low carbon footprint and environmental friendly characteristics. This study examines the key influencing factors that affect the behavior of this material, such as the steel fiber volume ratio, recycled aggregate replacement rate, concrete strength grade, anchorage length, and stirrup constraint. The study investigates the bond failure morphology, bond-slip, and bond strength constitutive relationship of steel fiber recycled concrete. The results show that the addition of steel fibers at 0.5%, 1.0%, and 1.5% volume ratios… More >

  • Open Access


    Simulation of Corrosion-Induced Cracking of Reinforced Concrete Based on Fracture Phase Field Method

    Xiaozhou Xia1, Changsheng Qin1, Guangda Lu2, Xin Gu1,*, Qing Zhang1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.3, pp. 2257-2276, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.031238

    Abstract Accurate simulation of the cracking process caused by rust expansion of reinforced concrete (RC) structures plays an intuitive role in revealing the corrosion-induced failure mechanism. Considering the quasi-brittle fracture of concrete, the fracture phase field driven by the compressive-shear term is constructed and added to the traditional brittle fracture phase field model. The rationality of the proposed model is verified by a mixed fracture example under a shear displacement load. Then, the extended fracture phase model is applied to simulate the corrosion-induced cracking process of RC. The cracking patterns caused by non-uniform corrosion expansion are discussed for RC specimens with… More >

  • Open Access


    An Analysis of the Dynamic Behavior of Damaged Reinforced Concrete Bridges under Moving Vehicle Loads by Using the Moving Mesh Technique

    Fabrizio Greco*, Paolo Lonetti, Arturo Pascuzzo, Giulia Sansone

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.17, No.6, pp. 457-483, 2023, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2023.030075

    Abstract This work proposes a numerical investigation on the effects of damage on the structural response of Reinforced Concrete (RC) bridge structures commonly adopted in highway and railway networks. An effective three-dimensional FE-based numerical model is developed to analyze the bridge’s structural response under several damage scenarios, including the effects of moving vehicle loads. In particular, the longitudinal and transversal beams are modeled through solid finite elements, while horizontal slabs are made of shell elements. Damage phenomena are also incorporated in the numerical model according to a smeared approach consistent with Continuum Damage Mechanics (CDM). In such a context, the proposed… More >

  • Open Access


    Influence of Vertical Irregularity on the Seismic Behavior of Base Isolated RC Structures with Lead Rubber Bearings under Pulse-Like Earthquakes

    Ali Mahamied1, Amjad A. Yasin1, Yazan Alzubi1,*, Jamal Al Adwan1, Issa Mahamied2

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.17, No.6, pp. 501-519, 2023, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2023.028686

    Abstract Nowadays, an extensive number of studies related to the performance of base isolation systems implemented in regular reinforced concrete structures subjected to various types of earthquakes can be found in the literature. On the other hand, investigations regarding the irregular base-isolated reinforced concrete structures’ performance when subjected to pulse-like earthquakes are very scarce. The severity of pulse-like earthquakes emerges from their ability to destabilize the base-isolated structure by remarkably increasing the displacement demands. Thus, this study is intended to investigate the effects of pulse-like earthquake characteristics on the behavior of low-rise irregular base-isolated reinforced concrete structures. Within the study scope,… More >

  • Open Access


    Determination of Reflected Temperature in Active Thermography Measurements for Corrosion Quantification of Reinforced Concrete Elements

    Suyadi Kartorono*, Herlien Dwiarti Setio, Adang Surahman, Ediansjah Zulkifli

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.17, No.3, pp. 195-208, 2023, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2022.023259

    Abstract This paper sums up the determining analysis of the measuring location of Trefl using a thermocouple during the thermography tests. Laboratory temperature distribution testing methods, analysis of value and location of Trefl measurement are explained in this paper. The heat source is two halogen lamps of 500 watts each fitted at a distance of 30–50 cm. Noises appearing during testing of thermography are corrected with measured Trefl value. The results of thermogram correction of corroded concrete surfaces using Trefl values are displayed in this paper too. The concrete surface temperature results of quantitative image processing method are compared to the… More >

  • Open Access


    Numerical Approach to Simulate the Effect of Corrosion Damage on the Natural Frequency of Reinforced Concrete Structures

    Amthal Hakim1, Wael Slika1,*, Rawan Machmouchi1, Adel Elkordi2

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.17, No.3, pp. 175-194, 2023, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2022.023027

    Abstract Corrosion of reinforcing steel in concrete elements causes minor to major damage in different aspects. It may lead to spalling of concrete cover, reduction of section’s capacity and can alter the dynamic properties. For the dynamic properties, natural frequency is to be a reliable indicator of structural integrity that can be utilized in non-destructive corrosion assessment. Although the correlation between natural frequency and corrosion damage has been reflected in different experimental programs, few attempts have been made to investigate this relationship in forward modeling and/or structural health monitoring techniques. This can be attributed to the limited available data, the complex… More >

  • Open Access


    Investigating the Retrofit of RC Frames Using TADAS Yielding Dampers

    Mehrzad TahamouliRoudsari1,*, K. Cheraghi2, R. Aghayari2

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.16, No.4, pp. 343-359, 2022, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2022.07927

    Abstract TADAS dampers are a type of passive structural control system used in the seismic design or retrofitting of structures. These types of dampers are designed so that they would yield before the main components of the structure during earthquake. This dissipates a large portion of the earthquake’s energy and reduces the energy dissipation demand in the main components of the structure. Considering its suitable performance, this damper has been the subject of numerous studies. However, there are still ambiguities regarding the effect of the number of these dampers on the retrofitting of reinforced concrete (RC) frames and their design procedure.… More >

  • Open Access


    Experimental Investigation on Fracture Performance of Short Basalt Fiber Bundle Reinforced Concrete

    Jinggan Shao1,2, Jiao Ma1, Renlong Liu1, Ye Liu3, Pu Zhang1,*, Yi Tang4, Yunjun Huang2

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.16, No.4, pp. 291-305, 2022, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2022.015097

    Abstract In this paper, a notched three-point bending test is used to study the fracture performance of the short basalt fiber bundle reinforced concrete (SBFBRC). To compare and analyze the enhancement effect of different diameters and different content of basalt fiber bundles on the fracture performance of concrete, some groups are set up, and the P-CMOD curves of each group of specimens are measured, and the fracture toughness and fracture energy of each control group are calculated. The fracture toughness and fracture energy are two important fracture performance parameters to study the effect and law of the new basalt fiber bundles… More >

  • Open Access


    Experimental Study and Failure Criterion Analysis of Rubber Fibre Reinforced Concrete under Biaxial Compression-Compression

    Yanli Hu1,2, Peiwei Gao3,*, Furong Li4, Zhiqing Zhao5, Zhenpeng Yu6

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.4, pp. 2055-2073, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.023612

    Abstract In order to examine the biaxial compression-compression properties of rubber fibre reinforced concrete (RFRC), an experimental study on RFRC under different lateral compressive stresses was carried out by considering different rubber replacement rates and polypropylene fibre contents. The failure modes and mechanical property parameters of different RFRC working conditions were obtained from the experiment to explore the effects of rubber replacement rate and polypropylene fibre content on the biaxial compression-compression properties of RFRC. The following conclusions were drawn. Under the influence of lateral compressive stress, the biaxial compression-compression failure mode gradually developed from a columnar pattern to a flaky pattern,… More >

  • Open Access


    Experimental Study on the Degradation of Bonding Behavior between Reinforcing Bars and Concrete after Corrosion and Fatigue Damage

    Shiqin He*, Jiaxing Zhao, Chunyue Wang, Hui Wang

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.16, No.3, pp. 195-212, 2022, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2022.08886

    Abstract In marine environments, the durability of reinforced concrete structures such as bridges, which suffer from the coupled effects of corrosion and fatigue damage, is significantly reduced. Fatigue loading can result in severe deterioration of the bonds between reinforcing steel bars and the surrounding concrete, particularly when reinforcing bars are corroded. Uniaxial tension testing was conducted under static loading and fatigue loading conditions to investigate the bonding characteristics between corroded reinforcing bars and concrete. An electrolyte corrosion technique was used to accelerate steel corrosion. The results show that the bond strength was reduced under fatigue loading, although the concrete did not… More >

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