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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Improving QoS Using Mobility-Based Optimized Multipath Routing Protocol in MANET

    S. J. Sangeetha1,*, T. Rajendran2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.1, pp. 1169-1181, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.033392

    Abstract Mobile Ad-hoc Networks (MANETs) connect numerous nodes to communicate data from the sender node to the target node. Due to the lack of an infrastructure network, mobile nodes communicate through wireless without an access point. MANET does not have a centralized controller and has a dynamic network topology, which increases link failure and energy consumption resulting in excessive path delay, loss of Quality of service (QoS), and reduced throughput during data communication. Congestion is a significant problem when the QoS of the link carrying the data is degraded. Routing is one of the vital challenges… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimal Routing with Spatial-Temporal Dependencies for Traffic Flow Control in Intelligent Transportation Systems

    R. B. Sarooraj*, S. Prayla Shyry

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.2, pp. 2071-2084, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.034716

    Abstract In Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS), controlling the traffic flow of a region in a city is the major challenge. Particularly, allocation of the traffic-free route to the taxi drivers during peak hours is one of the challenges to control the traffic flow. So, in this paper, the route between the taxi driver and pickup location or hotspot with the spatial-temporal dependencies is optimized. Initially, the hotspots in a region are clustered using the density-based spatial clustering of applications with noise (DBSCAN) algorithm to find the hot spots at the peak hours in an urban area.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Efficient Network Selection Using Multi-Depot Routing Problem for Smart Cities

    R. Shanthakumari1, Yun-Cheol Nam2, Yunyoung Nam3,*, Mohamed Abouhawwash4,5

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.2, pp. 1991-2005, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.033696

    Abstract Smart cities make use of a variety of smart technology to improve societies in better ways. Such intelligent technologies, on the other hand, pose significant concerns in terms of power usage and emission of carbons. The suggested study is focused on technological networks for big data-driven systems. With the support of software-defined technologies, a transportation-aided multicast routing system is suggested. By using public transportation as another communication platform in a smart city, network communication is enhanced. The primary objective is to use as little energy as possible while delivering as much data as possible. The… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Energy-Efficient Multi-swarm Optimization in Wireless Sensor Networks

    Reem Alkanhel1, Kalaiselvi Chinnathambi2, C. Thilagavathi3, Mohamed Abouhawwash4,5, Mona A. Al duailij6, Manal Abdullah Alohali7, Doaa Sami Khafaga6,*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.2, pp. 1571-1583, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.033430

    Abstract Wireless Sensor Networks are a group of sensors with inadequate power sources that are installed in a particular region to gather information from the surroundings. Designing energy-efficient data gathering methods in large-scale Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) is one of the most difficult areas of study. As every sensor node has a finite amount of energy. Battery power is the most significant source in the WSN. Clustering is a well-known technique for enhancing the power feature in WSN. In the proposed method multi-Swarm optimization based on a Genetic Algorithm and Adaptive Hierarchical clustering-based routing protocol are… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Adaptive Route Sink Relocation Using Cluster Head Chain Cycling Model in WSN

    M. Sudha1,*, P. Shanmugapriya2, Rami Q. Malik3, Ahmed Alkhayyat4

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.2, pp. 1811-1826, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.032265

    Abstract Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) have revolutionized the processes involved in industrial communication. However, the most important challenge faced by WSN sensors is the presence of limited energy. Multiple research investigations have been conducted so far on how to prolong the energy in WSN. This phenomenon is a result of inability of the network to have battery powered-sensor terminal. Energy-efficient routing on packet flow is a parallel phenomenon to delay nature, whereas the primary energy gets wasted as a result of WSN holes. Energy holes are present in the vicinity of sink and it is an… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Energy-Efficient Routing Protocol with Multi-Hop Fuzzy Logic for Wireless Networks

    J. Gobinath1,*, S. Hemajothi2, J. S. Leena Jasmine3

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.2, pp. 2457-2471, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.031171

    Abstract A Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) becomes a newer type of real-time embedded device that can be utilized for a wide range of applications that make regular networking which appears impracticable. Concerning the energy production of the nodes, WSN has major issues that may influence the stability of the system. As a result, constructing WSN requires devising protocols and standards that make the most use of constrained capacity, especially the energy resources. WSN faces some issues with increased power utilization and an on going development due to the uneven energy usage between the nodes. Clustering has… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Efficient Routing Protocol with Localization Based Priority & Congestion Control for UWSN

    S. Sandhiyaa*, C. Gomathy

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.3, pp. 4747-4768, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.032298

    Abstract The nodes in the sensor network have a wide range of uses, particularly on under-sea links that are skilled for detecting, handling as well as management. The underwater wireless sensor networks support collecting pollution data, mine survey, oceanographic information collection, aided navigation, strategic surveillance, and collection of ocean samples using detectors that are submerged in water. Localization, congestion routing, and prioritizing the traffic is the major issue in an underwater sensor network. Our scheme differentiates the different types of traffic and gives every type of traffic its requirements which is considered regarding network resource. Minimization… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    CEER: Cooperative Energy-Efficient Routing Mechanism for Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks Using Clusters

    Sayyed Mudassar Shah1, Tariq Hussain2, Babar Shah3, Farman Ali4, Khalid Zaman1, Kyung-Sup Kwak5,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.45, No.3, pp. 2587-2602, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.034489

    Abstract Underwater acoustic sensor networks (UWASNs) aim to find varied offshore ocean monitoring and exploration applications. In most of these applications, the network is composed of several sensor nodes deployed at different depths in the water. Sensor nodes located at depth on the seafloor cannot invariably communicate with nodes close to the surface level; these nodes need multi-hop communication facilitated by a suitable routing scheme. In this research work, a Cluster-based Cooperative Energy Efficient Routing (CEER) mechanism for UWSNs is proposed to overcome the shortcomings of the Co-UWSN and LEACH mechanisms. The optimal role of clustering… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Improved Multi-Path Routing for QoS on MANET

    M. Vargheese1,*, Surbhi Bhatia2, Shakila Basheer3, Pankaj Dadheech4

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.45, No.3, pp. 2521-2536, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.031476

    Abstract A Mobile Ad hoc NETwork (MANET) is a self-configuring network that is not reliant on infrastructure. This paper introduces a new multipath routing method based on the Multi-Hop Routing (MHR) technique. MHR is the consecutive selection of suitable relay nodes to send information across nodes that are not within direct range of each other. Failing to ensure good MHR leads to several negative consequences, ultimately causing unsuccessful data transmission in a MANET. This research work consists of three portions. The first to attempt to propose an efficient MHR protocol is the design of Priority Based… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Enhanced Security with Improved Defensive Routing Mechanism in Wireless Sensor Networks

    R. Sabitha1,*, C. Gokul Prasad2, S. Karthik1

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.45, No.3, pp. 2795-2810, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.026465

    Abstract In recent scenario of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), there are many application developed for handling sensitive and private data such as military information, surveillance data, tracking, etc. Hence, the sensor nodes of WSNs are distributed in an intimidating region, which is non-rigid to attacks. The recent research domains of WSN deal with models to handle the WSN communications against malicious attacks and threats. In traditional models, the solution has been made for defending the networks, only to specific attacks. However, in real-time applications, the kind of attack that is launched by the adversary is not… More >

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