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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Distributionally Robust Optimization Scheduling Model for Regional Integrated Energy Systems Considering Hot Dry Rock Co-Generation

    Hao Qi1, Mohamed Sharaf2, Andres Annuk3, Adrian Ilinca4, Mohamed A. Mohamed5,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.2, pp. 1387-1404, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.048672

    Abstract Hot dry rock (HDR) is rich in reserve, widely distributed, green, low-carbon, and has broad development potential and prospects. In this paper, a distributionally robust optimization (DRO) scheduling model for a regionally integrated energy system (RIES) considering HDR co-generation is proposed. First, the HDR-enhanced geothermal system (HDR-EGS) is introduced into the RIES. HDR-EGS realizes the thermoelectric decoupling of combined heat and power (CHP) through coordinated operation with the regional power grid and the regional heat grid, which enhances the system wind power (WP) feed-in space. Secondly, peak-hour loads are shifted using price demand response guidance in the context of time-of-day… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Feasibility Study of Using Geothermal Energy to Enhance Natural Gas Production from Offshore Gas Hydrate Reservoirs by CO2 Swapping

    Md Nahin Mahmood*, Boyun Guo

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.12, pp. 2707-2720, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.042996

    Abstract The energy industry faces a significant challenge in extracting natural gas from offshore natural gas hydrate (NGH) reservoirs, primarily due to the low productivity of wells and the high operational costs involved. The present study offers an assessment of the feasibility of utilizing geothermal energy to augment the production of natural gas from offshore gas hydrate reservoirs through the implementation of the methane-CO2 swapping technique. The present study expands the research scope of the authors beyond their previous publication, which exclusively examined the generation of methane from marine gas hydrates. Specifically, the current investigation explores the feasibility of utilizing the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Urban Plant Biomass Residues from the Neotropics and Their Potential for Thermal Energy Generation

    John Freddy Gelves Díaz1,*, Ludovic Dorkis2, Richard Monroy-Sepúlveda1, Sandra Rozo-Rincón1, Gabriel de Jesús Camargo Vargas3

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.9, pp. 3547-3566, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.029267

    Abstract The material associated with tree pruning in a city in the Colombian neotropics was characterized in order to determine its energy potential. The species studied for their relevance in the territory were Prosopis juliflora, Licania tomentosa, Terminalia catappa, Azadirachta indica, Pithecellobium dulce, Ficus benjamina and Leucaena leucocephala. Moisture content, bulk density, hygroscopic response, elemental chemical analysis, proximal analysis, calorific value, ease of ignition and combustion, thermogravimetric and heat flow analysis, steam generation capacity, and qualitative analysis of gases (mass spectrometry) were determined. The results that were obtained show high initial moisture contents that vary between 37% and 67% and a… More > Graphic Abstract

    Urban Plant Biomass Residues from the Neotropics and Their Potential for Thermal Energy Generation

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION ON THE THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF A CASCADED LATENT HEAT THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE

    Pengda Li, Chao Xu, Zhirong Liao* , Xing Ju, Feng Ye

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.15, pp. 1-10, 2020, DOI:10.5098/hmt.15.10

    Abstract This study numerically investigates the charging and discharging processes of a three-stages cascaded latent heat thermal energy storage unit using three molten salts as the phase change materials (PCMs). Each stage of the unit is a vertical shell-and-tube heat exchanger, whose shell side is filled with the PCM and air. The liquid fractions, temperatures, and accumulated thermal energy of the PCMs during the fully charging and discharging processes, as well as the effects of the HTF inlet temperature, are analyzed. The results show that lower melting temperature of the PCM causes faster charging rate and more released heat in the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF A SOLAR WATER HEATER INTEGRATED WITH BUILT-IN THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE VIA POROUS MEDIA

    Hasan S. Majdia,*, Azher M. Abedb, Laith J. Habeebc

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.17, pp. 1-7, 2021, DOI:10.5098/hmt.17.6

    Abstract The present work presents and analyzes the results acquired from outdoor experimental measurements of a solar latent heat storage unit integrated with built-in thermal energy storage at the presence and absence of porous media. The tank consists of a porous media part, a packed of glass beds, and the fluid flowing through the void space surrounding the porous glass beds. The porous tanks were filled by 1.68 mm glass beds to form bed heights (h) of 10 and 20 cm. Results show that the maximum thermal storage of 110 min is achieved in hot flow rate qh=4 LPM, cold flow… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    NUMERICAL STUDY ON HEAT TRANSFER CHARACTERISTICS OF CORRUGATED TUBE PHASE CHANGE THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE UNIT

    Kun Zhanga,b,* , Zhiyong Lia,b, Jia Yaoa,b

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.19, pp. 1-8, 2022, DOI:10.5098/hmt.19.5

    Abstract Detailed numerical analysis is presented for heat transfer characteristics of charging or discharging process in phase change thermal energy storage unit with inner corrugated tube. The results indicated that the charging or discharging rate of phase change material (PCM) for the case of inner corrugated tube is obviously higher than that in unit with inner plain tube due to the increasing heat transfer surface. The heat transfer rate increase with the increasing mass flow rate. However, when the mass flow rate of heat transfer fluid (HTF) is greater than 0.0315kg/s, the charge and discharge time can not be obviously shorten… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Thermomechanical Energy Converters for Harvesting Thermal Energy: A Review

    Oleg P. Dimitriev*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.4, pp. 1555-1600, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.024772

    Abstract Thermal energy, i.e., the electromagnetic energy in the infrared range that originates from the direct solar radiation, outgoing terrestrial radiation, waste heat from combustion of fuels, heat-emitting electrical devices, decay of radioactive isotopes, organic putrefaction and fermentation, human body heat, and so on, constitutes a huge energy flux circulating on the earth surface. However, most energy converters designed for the conversion of electromagnetic energy into electricity, such as photovoltaic cells, are mainly focused on using a narrow part of the solar energy lying in the visible spectrum, while thermomechanical engines that are fueled by heat in the broad energy range… More > Graphic Abstract

    Thermomechanical Energy Converters for Harvesting Thermal Energy: A Review

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Performance Analysis of Multi-Energy Hybrid System Based on Molten Salt Energy Storage

    Xin Xu*, Lian Zhang*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.118, No.6, pp. 1905-1920, 2021, DOI:10.32604/EE.2021.016738

    Abstract This paper briefly summarizes the current status of typical solar thermal power plant system, including system composition, thermal energy storage medium and performance. The thermo-physical properties of the storage medium are some of the most important factors that affect overall efficiency of the system, because some renewable energy sources such as solar and wind are unpredictable. A thermal storage system is therefore necessary to store energy for continuous usage. Based on the form of storage or the mode of system connection, heat exchangers of a thermal storage system can produce different temperature ranges of heat transfer fluid to realize energy… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Mechanism of Photothermal Energy on the Growth and Yield of Rice under Water Level Regulation

    Menghua Xiao1, Yuanyuan Li1,2,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.4, pp. 1131-1146, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.015093

    Abstract The flooding caused by heavy rainfall in rice irrigation area and the drought caused by the drop of groundwater level are the research focus in the field of irrigation and drainage. Based on the comparative experiment and farmland water level control technology, this paper studied the average soil temperature under different soil layers (TM), the daily temperature change (TDC), the photosynthetic accumulation of single leaf and canopy in rice, and response of photothermal energy to rice root characteristics and growth factors in the paddy field under drought conditions. The results showed that the peak soil temperature under drought treatment was… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Carbonation Reaction of Lithium Hydroxide during Low Temperature Thermal Energy Storage Process

    Jun Li1,2,3, Tao Zeng1,2,3,*, Noriyuki Kobayashi4, Rongjun Wu4, Haotai Xu4, Lisheng Deng1,2,3, Zhaohong He1,2,3, Hongyu Huang1,2,3,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.9, pp. 1621-2630, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.015231

    Abstract In order to apply lithium hydroxide (LiOH) as a low temperature chemical heat storage material, the carbonation reaction of LiOH and the prevention method are focused in this research. The carbonation of raw LiOH at storage and hydration condition is experimentally investigated. The results show that the carbonation reaction of LiOH with carbon dioxide (CO2) is confirmed during the hydration reaction. The carbonation of LiOH can be easily carried out with CO2 at room temperature and humidity. LiOH can be carbonated at a humidity range of 10% to 20%, a normal humidity region that air can easily be reached. Furthermore,… More >

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