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  • Open Access


    Adaptive Route Sink Relocation Using Cluster Head Chain Cycling Model in WSN

    M. Sudha1,*, P. Shanmugapriya2, Rami Q. Malik3, Ahmed Alkhayyat4

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.2, pp. 1811-1826, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.032265

    Abstract Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) have revolutionized the processes involved in industrial communication. However, the most important challenge faced by WSN sensors is the presence of limited energy. Multiple research investigations have been conducted so far on how to prolong the energy in WSN. This phenomenon is a result of inability of the network to have battery powered-sensor terminal. Energy-efficient routing on packet flow is a parallel phenomenon to delay nature, whereas the primary energy gets wasted as a result of WSN holes. Energy holes are present in the vicinity of sink and it is an important efficient-routing protocol for WSNs.… More >

  • Open Access


    STTAR: A Traffic- and Thermal-Aware Adaptive Routing for 3D Network-on-Chip Systems

    Juan Fang1,*, Yunfei Mao1, Min Cai1, Li’ang Zhao1, Huijie Chen1, Wei Xiang2,3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.72, No.3, pp. 5531-5545, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.027177

    Abstract Since the three-dimensional Network on Chip (3D NoC) uses through-silicon via technology to connect the chips, each silicon layer is conducted through heterogeneous thermal, and 3D NoC system suffers from thermal problems. To alleviate the seriousness of the thermal problem, the distribution of data packets usually relies on traffic information or historical temperature information. However, thermal problems in 3D NoC cannot be solved only based on traffic or temperature information. Therefore, we propose a Score-Based Traffic- and Thermal-Aware Adaptive Routing (STTAR) that applies traffic load and temperature information to routing. First, the STTAR dynamically adjusts the input and output buffer… More >

  • Open Access


    Adaptive Multi-Cost Routing Protocol to Enhance Lifetime for Wireless Body Area Network

    Muhammad Mateen Yaqoob1, Waqar Khurshid1, Leo Liu2, Syed Zulqarnain Arif1, Imran Ali Khan1, Osman Khalid1,*, Raheel Nawaz2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.72, No.1, pp. 1089-1103, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.024798

    Abstract Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN) technologies are emerging with extensive applications in several domains. Health is a fascinating domain of WBAN for smart monitoring of a patient's condition. An important factor to consider in WBAN is a node's lifetime. Improving the lifetime of nodes is critical to address many issues, such as utility and reliability. Existing routing protocols have addressed the energy conservation problem but considered only a few parameters, thus affecting their performance. Moreover, most of the existing schemes did not consider traffic prioritization which is critical in WBANs. In this paper, an adaptive multi-cost routing protocol is proposed… More >

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