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  • Open Access


    Numerical Investigation of the Angle of Attack Effect on Cloud Cavitation Flow around a Clark-Y Hydrofoil

    Di Peng1,2, Guoqing Chen1, Jiale Yan1,*, Shiping Wang2,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 2947-2964, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.047265

    Abstract Cavitation is a prevalent phenomenon within the domain of ship and ocean engineering, predominantly occurring in the tail flow fields of high-speed rotating propellers and on the surfaces of high-speed underwater vehicles. The re-entrant jet and compression wave resulting from the collapse of cavity vapour are pivotal factors contributing to cavity instability. Concurrently, these phenomena significantly modulate the evolution of cavitation flow. In this paper, numerical investigations into cloud cavitation over a Clark-Y hydrofoil were conducted, utilizing the Large Eddy Simulation (LES) turbulence model and the Volume of Fluid (VOF) method within the OpenFOAM framework. More > Graphic Abstract

    Numerical Investigation of the Angle of Attack Effect on Cloud Cavitation Flow around a Clark-Y Hydrofoil

  • Open Access



    M. O. Petinrina , B. A. Sikirullahia, T. T. Olugasaa, O. M. Oyewolaa,b,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.19, pp. 1-8, 2022, DOI:10.5098/hmt.19.28

    Abstract Tubes are commonly employed in heat exchangers for their ease of production and capacity to sustain high pressure. In this study, the heat and flow transfer behaviour of cam-shaped tube bank in staggered configuration at varying angles of attack 0°to 180° was numerically investigated. The study was carried out by solving the continuity, momentum, energy and realizable k-ε transport equations using the finite volume-based ANSYS Fluent solver. This was performed to acquire the friction factor and heat transfer characteristics in the air inlet velocity range of 9 to 15 m/s. The results showed that the… More >

  • Open Access


    Study of the Flow Mechanism of Wind Turbine Blades in the Yawed Condition

    Shuang Zhao1,2,3, Xijun Li4, Jianwen Wang1,2,3,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.119, No.4, pp. 1379-1392, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ee.2022.019776

    Abstract The computational fluid dynamics method was used to simulate the flow field around a wind turbine at the yaw angles of 0°, 15°, 30°, and 45°. The angle of attack and the relative velocity of the spanwise sections of the blade were extracted with the reference points method. By analyzing the pressure distribution and the flow characteristics of the blade surface, the flow mechanism of the blade surface in the yawed condition was discussed. The results showed that the variations of the angle of attack and the relative velocity were related to the azimuth angle… More >

  • Open Access


    Angle of Attack Between Blood Flow and Mitral Valve Leaflets in Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy: An In Vivo Multi-patient CT-based FSI Study

    Long Deng1, Xueying Huang2,3,*, Heng Zuo4, Yuan Zheng2, Chun Yang5, Yunhu Song1, Dalin Tang6

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.116, No.2, pp. 115-125, 2018, DOI:10.31614/cmes.2018.04076

    Abstract The mechanisms of systolic anterior motion (SAM) of the mitral valve in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) remain unclear. To investigate the angle of attack between blood flow and mitral valve leaflets at pre-SAM time point, patient-specific CT-based computational models were constructed for 5 patients receiving septal myectomy surgery to obtain pre- and post-operative 2D vector flow mapping. The comparisons between pre- and post-operative angles of attack based on 2D vector flow mapping of 5 patients were performed. It was found that there was no statistically significant difference between pre- and post-operative angles of attack (61.1±t More >

  • Open Access


    A Study on the Far Wake of Elliptic Cylinders

    Subhankar Sen1, Sanjay Mittal2, *

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.113, No.1, pp. 35-55, 2017, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2017.113.033

    Abstract The evolution of far wake of stationary elliptic cylinders with angle of attack is investigated for the unsteady flow at Re = 200 using a stabilized finite- element method. The Reynolds number, Re, is based on the major axis of cylinder and free-stream speed. Cylinder aspect ratios, AR considered are 0.2, 0.5 and 0.8 while the angle of attack, α varies from 0◦ to 90◦. With increasing α, the Karman or primary shedding frequency of each cylinder decreases monotonically while the primary wavelength and time-averaged as well as r.m.s. drag increase monoton- ically. The time-averaged… More >

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