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  • Open Access


    Partial Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection and the Nature of Associated Sinus Venosus Defect

    Ling Sun1,#, Chengcheng Pang1,#, Xiaoyan Wang2,#, Mingguo Xu3, Zhiwei Zhang1,*, Shushui Wang1,*

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.17, No.2, pp. 201-214, 2022, DOI:10.32604/chd.2022.018453

    Abstract Background: Partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection (PAPVC) is frequently associated with atrial septal defect (ASD), especially sinus venosus defect (SVD). Although Waggstaffe described the pathology of SVDs in 1868, the exact anatomic features and the nature of SVD remains controversial. SVDs with no posterior atrial rim were observed in recent years. However, no studies suggested that absence of the residual posterior atrial septal tissue might be the key feature of SVD. The aims of this study were to investigate if absence of posterior rim of atrial septum played a crucial role in patients with SVD. Methods:More >

  • Open Access


    New Insights into Sinus Venosus Defects from Cross-Sectional Imaging

    Shi-Joon Yoo1,2,*, Sanga Lee3, Regina de la Mora4, Ankavipar Saprungruang2, Christoph Haller5, Lee N. Benson2, Vladimiro Vida6, Alvise Guariento6, Christopher Z. Lam1

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.17, No.1, pp. 5-23, 2022, DOI:10.32604/CHD.2022.018728

    Abstract Sinus venosus defects include two varieties, superior and inferior sinus venosus defects. The superior sinus venosus defect is characterized by abnormal communication between two closely related venoatrial structures: 1) the normally positioned superior vena cava-right atrium complex and 2) the right pulmonary vein-left atrium complex that is displaced leftward, forward and upward. Inferior sinus venosus defects primarily involve the inferior vena cava-right atrial junction while the right pulmonary vein-left atrial junction can also be affected. Because of the rarity and wide variation of the defects, the morphological characterization of sinus venosus defects is inconsistent among More >

  • Open Access


    Arrhythmias in Common Arterial Trunk (CAT): Uncommon Atrial Tachycardia in CAT with Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection and Re-entry Atrial Tachycardia in CAT with HIV Seropositive Mother

    Elio Caruso1, Silvia Farruggio1,*, Davide Calvaruso1, Corrado Di Mambro1, David Angel Ortiz Ruiz1, Salvatore Agati1, Rafie Khoargami2

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.16, No.4, pp. 417-425, 2021, DOI:10.32604/CHD.2021.015808

    Abstract We show a brief report of two common arterial trunk cases (CAT) with different arrhythmias and discuss anatomy, clinical and diagnostic management. The burden of volume and pressure overload of this cardiac malformation may predispose to different types of arrhythmia before and after surgical repair. Because of labile hemodynamic state in this group of patients, prompt diagnosis of any arrhythmia is mandatory as the devastating factor on prognosis. The first patient with a diagnosis of CAT Type II Collett and Edwards (CE) had a particular history with HIV seropositive mother assuming antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy, More >

  • Open Access


    Percutaneous Occlusion of Right Partial Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection with Dual Drainage to the Innominate Vein and the Left Atrium: A Unique Anatomical Finding

    Alejandro R. Peirone1,*, Alejandro E. Contreras2, Carolina Carrizo2, Mailén Konicoff2, Raúl O. Cayre3

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.15, No.4, pp. 267-274, 2020, DOI:10.32604/CHD.2020.013199

    Abstract A 43-year-old woman with a past medical history of aortic coarctation surgically repaired at the age of 3 years using an end-to-end anastomosis, presented with 2 years complain of increasing dyspnea and fatigue with exercise associated to frequent palpitations. During extensive work-up, she was found to have a partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection (PAPVC) with “dual drainage” represented by a communication between the right pulmonary veins draining into the left atrium and the innominate vein via an anomalous vein due to a persistence of early connections between the sinus of the right pulmonary veins and More >

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