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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Salt-Induced Changes in Physio-Biochemical and Antioxidant Defense System in Mustard Genotypes

    Md. Shakhawat Hossain1, Md. Daud Hossain1, Abdul Hannan2, Mirza Hasanuzzaman3, Md. Motiar Rohman4,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.89, No.3, pp. 541-559, 2020, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.010279

    Abstract Salinity stress is a major factor limiting plant growth and productivity of many crops including oilseed. The present study investigated the identification of salt tolerant mustard genotypes and better understanding the mechanism of salinity tolerance. Salt stresses significantly reduced relative water content (RWC), chlorophyll (Chl) content, K+ and K+ /Na+ ratio, photosynthetic rate (PN), transpiration rate (Tr), stomatal conductance (gs), intercellular CO2 concentration (Ci) and increased the levels of proline (Pro) and lipid peroxidation (MDA) contents, Na+ , superoxide (O2•− ) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in both tolerant and sensitive mustard genotypes. The tolerant genotypes maintained higher Pro and lower MDA… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Enhancing Drought Tolerance in Wheat through Improving MorphoPhysiological and Antioxidants Activities of Plants by the Supplementation of Foliar Silicon

    Zahoor Ahmad1,*, Ejaz Ahmad Waraich2, Celaleddin Barutçular1, Akbar Hossain3, Murat Erman4, Fatih ÇIĞ4, Hany Gharib5, Ayman EL Sabagh4, 5, *

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.89, No.3, pp. 529-539, 2020, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.09143

    Abstract The main objective of the research is to assess the role of foliar application of silicon (Si) for enhancing the survival ability of wheat under drought stress through improving its morphology, physicochemical and antioxidants activities. Treatments were five doses of Si at the rate of 2, 4, 6 and 8 mM and a control. After completion of seeds germination, pots were divided into four distinct groups at various field capacity (FC) levels, such as 100% FC (well-irrigated condition), 75% FC (slight water deficit), 50% FC (modest water deficit) and 25% FC (severe water deficit stress… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Oxidative Stress Tolerance Mechanism in Rice under Salinity

    Mahmuda Binte Monsur1, Nasrin Akter Ivy1, M. Moynul Haque2, Mirza Hasanuzzaman3, Ayman EL Sabagh4,5,*, Md. Motiar Rohman6,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.89, No.3, pp. 497-517, 2020, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.09144

    Abstract The research was conducted to investigate comparative oxidative damage including probable protective roles of antioxidant and glyoxalase systems in rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings under salinity stress. Seedlings of two rice genotypes: Pokkali (tolerant) and BRRI dhan28 (sensitive) were subjected to 8 dSm−1 salinity stress for seven days in a hydroponic system. We observed significant variation between Pokkali and BRRI dhan28 in phenotypic, biochemical and molecular level under salinity stress. Carotenoid content, ion homeostasis, antioxidant enzymes, ascorbate and glutathione redox system and proline accumulation may help Pokkali to develop defense system during salinity stress. However, the activity More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Biochar Application Improves the Drought Tolerance in Maize Seedlings

    A. Sattar1,*, A. Sher1,*, M. Ijaz1, M. Irfan2, M. Butt1, T. Abbas1, S. Hussain2, A. Abbas1, M. S. Ullah3, M. A. Cheema4

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.88, No.4, pp. 379-388, 2019, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2019.04784

    Abstract Application of biochar to agricultural soils is mostly used to improve soil fertility. Experimental treatments were comprised of two factors: i) drought at two level, i.e., 80% and 40% water holding capacity (WHC) which was maintained on gravimetric basis ii) three levels of biochar i.e., control, 2 t ha-1 and 4 t ha-1 added to soil. Experimentation was done to examine potential of biochar application to enhance the growth attributes, water relations, photosynthetic pigments and antioxidants activities in maize (Zea mays L.) seedlings. Results of study revealed that biochar application increased the growth qualities (total seedlings biomass,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Phytochemical quality of tomato Saladette produced with organic substrates under greenhouse conditions

    González B ML1, M Fortis H1, P Preciado R1, MA Segura C1, E Salazar Sosa1, JL García H2, JR Esparza R3

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.85, pp. 71-78, 2016, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2016.85.071

    Abstract The aim of the current study was to evaluate yield and phytochemical quality of tomato fruits produced using organic substrates under greenhouse conditions. The applied treatments (organic substrates) were: T1 (80% River sand + 20% Vermicompost; T2 (90% River sand + 10% Compost); T3 Steiner Solution (80% River sand + 20% Perlite); T4 (80% River sand + 5% Soil + 15% Vermicompost); T5 (85% River sand + 15% Treated manure), and T6 (80% River sand + 5% Soil + 15% Treated manure). We used a totally randomized experimental design, with four replicate treatments. Evaluated variables… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Changes in the redox status of the brain in an experimental glaucoma model

    Claudia G. REIDES1,2, Romina M. LASAGNI VITAR1,2, Agustina PEVERINI1, Natasha S. JANEZIC1, Ailen G. HVOZDA ARANA1, Sandra M. FERREIRA1,2, Susana F. LLESUY1,2*

    BIOCELL, Vol.40, No.1, pp. 51-54, 2016, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2016.40.051

    Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate the redox status changes of primary visual targets in the rat brain of a high pressure-induced glaucoma model. The animal model consisted of inducing ocular hypertension by cauterizing two episcleral veins on the left eye. The markers of oxidative damage and the oxidative balance evaluated in the brain seven days postoperative were: nitrites concentration, levels of non-enzymatic antioxidants and antioxidant enzymes activity.
    The increase in the nitrite content, which could be the result of the enhancement in the production of nitrogen species, and in the activity of NADPH… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Active compounds of medicinal plants, mechanism for antioxidant and beneficial effects

    Orozco Montes F1, A Vázquez-Hernández2, B Fenton-Navarro1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.88, No.1, pp. 1-10, 2019, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2019.04525

    Abstract An increased interest in the antioxidant effects of medicinal plants has developed in recent years. Identifying antioxidant compounds present in medicinal plants and elucidating the mechanism by which they prevent oxidation have been the focus of the research community. We performed a systematic and exhaustive review aimed at analyzing the available data regarding the beneficial effects of secondary metabolites in plants. The result of this review is presented as a description of free radicals, as well as cellular and physiological oxidative stress, is provided. The origin and source of antioxidant compounds, and the cellular and More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Evaluation of Antioxidants, Total Phenolics and Antimicrobial Activities of Ethyl Acetate Extracts From Fungi Grown on Rice Straw

    Bahaa T. Shawky1, Mohammed Nagah1, Mosad A. Ghareeb2, Gamal M. El-Sherbiny3, Saad A. M. Moghannem3, Mohamed S. Abdel-Aziz1,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.7, pp. 667-682, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.04524

    Abstract Rice straw (RS) collected from Egyptian agricultural environment (Al-Masied village-Alsharqia Governorate-Egypt) was used as substrate for three fungal isolates namely: 4b, 1Asp, Pleurotus ostreatus NRRL 3501 and mixed culture of (4b, 1Asp). Isolates number 4b and 1Asp were identified using the molecular technique (18S rRNA). Isolate 4b and 1Asp, were identified as Trichoderma saturnisporum MN1-EGY and Aspergillus niger MN2-EGY, respectively. Trichoderma saturnisporum MN1-EGY extract exhibited the highest antimicrobial activity compared to the other fungal extracts. Total phenolic, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities were also determined from the ethyl acetate extract of rice straw inoculated by these… More >

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