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  • Open Access


    ExpressionHash: Securing Telecare Medical Information Systems Using BioHashing

    Ayesha Riaz1, Naveed Riaz1, Awais Mahmood2,*, Sajid Ali Khan3, Imran Mahmood1, Omar Almutiry2, Habib Dhahri2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.67, No.3, pp. 2747-2764, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.014418

    Abstract The COVID-19 outbreak and its medical distancing phenomenon have effectively turned the global healthcare challenge into an opportunity for Telecare Medical Information Systems. Such systems employ the latest mobile and digital technologies and provide several advantages like minimal physical contact between patient and healthcare provider, easy mobility, easy access, consistent patient engagement, and cost-effectiveness. Any leakage or unauthorized access to users’ medical data can have serious consequences for any medical information system. The majority of such systems thus rely on biometrics for authenticated access but biometric systems are also prone to a variety of attacks… More >

  • Open Access


    A Novel Anonymous Authentication Scheme Based on Edge Computing in Internet of Vehicles

    Xiaoliang Wang1, Xinhui She1, Liang Bai2,*, Yang Qing1, Frank Jiang3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.67, No.3, pp. 3349-3361, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.012454

    Abstract The vehicular cloud computing is an emerging technology that changes vehicle communication and underlying traffic management applications. However, cloud computing has disadvantages such as high delay, low privacy and high communication cost, which can not meet the needs of real-time interactive information of Internet of vehicles. Ensuring security and privacy in Internet of Vehicles is also regarded as one of its most important challenges. Therefore, in order to ensure the user information security and improve the real-time of vehicle information interaction, this paper proposes an anonymous authentication scheme based on edge computing. In this scheme,… More >

  • Open Access


    An Efficient Sound and Data Steganography Based Secure Authentication System

    Debajit Datta1, Lalit Garg2,*, Kathiravan Srinivasan3, Atsushi Inoue4, G. Thippa Reddy3, M. Praveen Kumar Reddy3, K. Ramesh5, Nidal Nasser6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.67, No.1, pp. 723-751, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.014802

    Abstract The prodigious advancements in contemporary technologies have also brought in the situation of unprecedented cyber-attacks. Further, the pin-based security system is an inadequate mechanism for handling such a scenario. The reason is that hackers use multiple strategies for evading security systems and thereby gaining access to private data. This research proposes to deploy diverse approaches for authenticating and securing a connection amongst two devices/gadgets via sound, thereby disregarding the pins’ manual verification. Further, the results demonstrate that the proposed approaches outperform conventional pin-based authentication or QR authentication approaches. Firstly, a random signal is encrypted, and… More >

  • Open Access


    Authenblue: A New Authentication Protocol for the Industrial Internet of Things

    Rachid Zagrouba1,*, Asayel AlAbdullatif1, Kholood AlAjaji1, Norah Al-Serhani1, Fahd Alhaidari1, Abdullah Almuhaideb2, Atta-ur-Rahman2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.67, No.1, pp. 1103-1119, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.014035

    Abstract The Internet of Things (IoT) is where almost anything can be controlled and managed remotely by means of sensors. Although the IoT evolution led to quality of life enhancement, many of its devices are insecure. The lack of robust key management systems, efficient identity authentication, low fault tolerance, and many other issues lead to IoT devices being easily targeted by attackers. In this paper we propose a new authentication protocol called Authenblue that improve the authentication process of IoT devices and Coordinators of Personal Area Network (CPANs) in an Industrial IoT (IIoT) environment. This study… More >

  • Open Access


    Proposing a High-Robust Approach for Detecting the Tampering Attacks on English Text Transmitted via Internet

    Fahd N. Al-Wesabi1,*, Huda G. Iskandar2, Mohammad Alamgeer3, Mokhtar M. Ghilan2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.26, No.6, pp. 1267-1283, 2020, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2020.013782

    Abstract In this paper, a robust approach INLPETWA (an Intelligent Natural Language Processing and English Text Watermarking Approach) is proposed to tampering detection of English text by integrating zero text watermarking and hidden Markov model as a soft computing and natural language processing techniques. In the INLPETWA approach, embedding and detecting the watermark key logically conducted without altering the plain text. Second-gram and word mechanism of hidden Markov model is used as a natural text analysis technique to extracts English text features and use them as a watermark key and embed them logically and validates them More >

  • Open Access


    An Authentication Mechanism for Autonomous Vehicle ECU Utilizing a Novel Slice-Based PUF Design

    Jihai Yang1, Zongtao Duan1, Muyao Wang2, Jabar Mahmood1, Yuanyuan Xiao1, Yun Yang1,*

    Journal of New Media, Vol.2, No.4, pp. 157-165, 2020, DOI:10.32604/jnm.2020.014309

    Abstract Modern autonomous vehicles are getting progressively popular and increasingly getting closer to the core of future development in transportation field. However, there is no reliable authentication mechanism for the unmanned vehicle communication system, this phenomenon draws attention about the security of autonomous vehicles of people in all aspects. Physical Unclonable Function (PUF) circuits is light-weight, and it can product unique and unpredictable digital signature utilizing the manufacturing variations occur in each die and these exact silicon features cannot be recreated theoretically. Considering security issues of communication between Electronic Control Units (ECUs) in vehicles, we propose… More >

  • Open Access


    Design of a Mutual Authentication and Key Agreement Protocol for WBANs

    Xiangwei Meng, Jianbo Xu*, Xiaohe Wu, Zhechong Wang

    Journal of Information Hiding and Privacy Protection, Vol.2, No.3, pp. 107-114, 2020, DOI:10.32604/jihpp.2020.09901

    Abstract Please WBANs are a sensor network for detection and collection of sensitive data to the human body, which is lightweight and mobile. WBANs transmit sensitive and significant messages through the public channel, which makes it easy for an attacker to eavesdrop and modify the messages, thus posing a severe threat to the security of the messages. Therefore, it is essential to put in place authentication and key agreement between different communication nodes in WBANs. In this paper, a lightweight and secure authenticated key agreement protocol in wireless body area networks is designed. It is More >

  • Open Access


    An Anonymous Authentication Scheme with Controllable Linkability for Vehicle Sensor Networks

    Yousheng Zhou1,2, Lvjun Chen1, Xiaofeng Zhao1,*, Zheng Yang3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.125, No.3, pp. 1101-1118, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.013289

    Abstract Vehicle sensor networks (VSN) play an increasingly important part in smart city, due to the interconnectivity of the infrastructure. However similar to other wireless communications, vehicle sensor networks are susceptible to a broad range of attacks. In addition to ensuring security for both data-at-rest and data-in-transit, it is essential to preserve the privacy of data and users in vehicle sensor networks. Many existing authentication schemes for vehicle sensor networks are generally not designed to also preserve the privacy between the user and service provider (e.g., mining user data to provide personalized services without infringing on More >

  • Open Access


    A Hybrid Intelligent Approach for Content Authentication and Tampering Detection of Arabic Text Transmitted via Internet

    Fahd N. Al-Wesabi1,2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 195-211, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012088

    Abstract In this paper, a hybrid intelligent text zero-watermarking approach has been proposed by integrating text zero-watermarking and hidden Markov model as natural language processing techniques for the content authentication and tampering detection of Arabic text contents. The proposed approach known as Second order of Alphanumeric Mechanism of Markov model and Zero-Watermarking Approach (SAMMZWA). Second level order of alphanumeric mechanism based on hidden Markov model is integrated with text zero-watermarking techniques to improve the overall performance and tampering detection accuracy of the proposed approach. The SAMMZWA approach embeds and detects the watermark logically without altering the More >

  • Open Access


    Security of Chip Bank Card in Remote Payment Based on Risk Feature

    Zheng Fang1,∗, Junyun Cai1, Lifang Tian2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.35, No.4, pp. 299-305, 2020, DOI:10.32604/csse.2020.35.299

    Abstract Payment is a necessary thing in people’s daily life, and the development of the Internet makes it possible that people can shop at home. As for chip bank card, it is an important payment method that has been developed in recent years and plays a key role in remote payment. In this study, firstly, the risk features of chip bank cards were analyzed from the general remote payment scheme. Then, based on the security technology theory, a chip bank card remote payment model using elliptic curve hybrid encryption algorithm and identity authentication technology was constructed. More >

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