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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Innovative K-Anonymity Privacy-Preserving Algorithm to Improve Data Availability in the Context of Big Data

    Linlin Yuan1,2, Tiantian Zhang1,3, Yuling Chen1,*, Yuxiang Yang1, Huang Li1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 1561-1579, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046907

    Abstract The development of technologies such as big data and blockchain has brought convenience to life, but at the same time, privacy and security issues are becoming more and more prominent. The K-anonymity algorithm is an effective and low computational complexity privacy-preserving algorithm that can safeguard users’ privacy by anonymizing big data. However, the algorithm currently suffers from the problem of focusing only on improving user privacy while ignoring data availability. In addition, ignoring the impact of quasi-identified attributes on sensitive attributes causes the usability of the processed data on statistical analysis to be reduced. Based… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Computing Resource Allocation for Blockchain-Based Mobile Edge Computing

    Wanbo Zhang1, Yuqi Fan1, Jun Zhang1, Xu Ding2,*, Jung Yoon Kim3,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 863-885, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.047295

    Abstract Users and edge servers are not fully mutually trusted in mobile edge computing (MEC), and hence blockchain can be introduced to provide trustable MEC. In blockchain-based MEC, each edge server functions as a node in both MEC and blockchain, processing users’ tasks and then uploading the task related information to the blockchain. That is, each edge server runs both users’ offloaded tasks and blockchain tasks simultaneously. Note that there is a trade-off between the resource allocation for MEC and blockchain tasks. Therefore, the allocation of the resources of edge servers to the blockchain and the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Securing Mobile Cloud-Based Electronic Health Records: A Blockchain-Powered Cryptographic Solution with Enhanced Privacy and Efficiency

    Umer Nauman1, Yuhong Zhang2, Zhihui Li3, Tong Zhen1,3,*

    Journal of Intelligent Medicine and Healthcare, Vol.2, pp. 15-34, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jimh.2024.048784

    Abstract The convergence of handheld devices and cloud-based computing has transformed how Electronic Health Records (EHRs) are stored in mobile cloud paradigms, offering benefits such as affordability, adaptability, and portability. However, it also introduces challenges regarding network security and data confidentiality, as it aims to exchange EHRs among mobile users while maintaining high levels of security. This study proposes an innovative blockchain-based solution to these issues and presents secure cloud storage for healthcare data. To provide enhanced cryptography, the proposed method combines an enhanced Blowfish encryption method with a new key generation technique called Elephant Herding… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    VKFQ: A Verifiable Keyword Frequency Query Framework with Local Differential Privacy in Blockchain

    Youlin Ji, Bo Yin*, Ke Gu

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 4205-4223, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.049086

    Abstract With its untameable and traceable properties, blockchain technology has been widely used in the field of data sharing. How to preserve individual privacy while enabling efficient data queries is one of the primary issues with secure data sharing. In this paper, we study verifiable keyword frequency (KF) queries with local differential privacy in blockchain. Both the numerical and the keyword attributes are present in data objects; the latter are sensitive and require privacy protection. However, prior studies in blockchain have the problem of trilemma in privacy protection and are unable to handle KF queries. We… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Data Secure Storage Mechanism for IIoT Based on Blockchain

    Jin Wang1,2, Guoshu Huang1, R. Simon Sherratt3, Ding Huang4, Jia Ni4,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 4029-4048, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047468

    Abstract With the development of Industry 4.0 and big data technology, the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) is hampered by inherent issues such as privacy, security, and fault tolerance, which pose certain challenges to the rapid development of IIoT. Blockchain technology has immutability, decentralization, and autonomy, which can greatly improve the inherent defects of the IIoT. In the traditional blockchain, data is stored in a Merkle tree. As data continues to grow, the scale of proofs used to validate it grows, threatening the efficiency, security, and reliability of blockchain-based IIoT. Accordingly, this paper first analyzes the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Framework for Enhancing Privacy and Anonymity in Blockchain-Enabled IoT Devices

    Muhammad Saad1, Muhammad Raheel Bhutta2, Jongik Kim3,*, Tae-Sun Chung1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 4263-4282, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047132

    Abstract With the increase in IoT (Internet of Things) devices comes an inherent challenge of security. In the world today, privacy is the prime concern of every individual. Preserving one’s privacy and keeping anonymity throughout the system is a desired functionality that does not come without inevitable trade-offs like scalability and increased complexity and is always exceedingly difficult to manage. The challenge is keeping confidentiality and continuing to make the person innominate throughout the system. To address this, we present our proposed architecture where we manage IoT devices using blockchain technology. Our proposed architecture works on… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Novel 6G Scalable Blockchain Clustering-Based Computer Vision Character Detection for Mobile Images

    Yuejie Li1,2,*, Shijun Li3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3041-3070, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.045741

    Abstract 6G is envisioned as the next generation of wireless communication technology, promising unprecedented data speeds, ultra-low Latency, and ubiquitous Connectivity. In tandem with these advancements, blockchain technology is leveraged to enhance computer vision applications’ security, trustworthiness, and transparency. With the widespread use of mobile devices equipped with cameras, the ability to capture and recognize Chinese characters in natural scenes has become increasingly important. Blockchain can facilitate privacy-preserving mechanisms in applications where privacy is paramount, such as facial recognition or personal healthcare monitoring. Users can control their visual data and grant or revoke access as needed.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Sharding Scheme Based on Graph Partitioning Algorithm for Public Blockchain

    Shujiang Xu1,2,*, Ziye Wang1,2, Lianhai Wang1,2, Miodrag J. Mihaljević1,2,3, Shuhui Zhang1,2, Wei Shao1,2, Qizheng Wang1,2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 3311-3327, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.046164

    Abstract Blockchain technology, with its attributes of decentralization, immutability, and traceability, has emerged as a powerful catalyst for enhancing traditional industries in terms of optimizing business processes. However, transaction performance and scalability has become the main challenges hindering the widespread adoption of blockchain. Due to its inability to meet the demands of high-frequency trading, blockchain cannot be adopted in many scenarios. To improve the transaction capacity, researchers have proposed some on-chain scaling technologies, including lightning networks, directed acyclic graph technology, state channels, and sharding mechanisms, in which sharding emerges as a potential scaling technology. Nevertheless, excessive… More > Graphic Abstract

    A Sharding Scheme Based on Graph Partitioning Algorithm for Public Blockchain

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Efficient and Secure IoT Based Smart Home Automation Using Multi-Model Learning and Blockchain Technology

    Nazik Alturki1, Raed Alharthi2, Muhammad Umer3,*, Oumaima Saidani1, Amal Alshardan1, Reemah M. Alhebshi4, Shtwai Alsubai5, Ali Kashif Bashir6,7,8,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 3387-3415, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.044700

    Abstract The concept of smart houses has grown in prominence in recent years. Major challenges linked to smart homes are identification theft, data safety, automated decision-making for IoT-based devices, and the security of the device itself. Current home automation systems try to address these issues but there is still an urgent need for a dependable and secure smart home solution that includes automatic decision-making systems and methodical features. This paper proposes a smart home system based on ensemble learning of random forest (RF) and convolutional neural networks (CNN) for programmed decision-making tasks, such as categorizing gadgets… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    NFT Security Matrix: Towards Modeling NFT Ecosystem Threat

    Peng Liao1, Chaoge Liu2, Jie Yin1,3,*, Zhi Wang2, Xiang Cui2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 3255-3285, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.043855

    Abstract Digital assets have boomed over the past few years with the emergence of Non-fungible Tokens (NFTs). To be specific, the total trading volume of digital assets reached an astounding $55.5 billion in 2022. Nevertheless, numerous security concerns have been raised by the rapid expansion of the NFT ecosystem. NFT holders are exposed to a plethora of scams and traps, putting their digital assets at risk of being lost. However, academic research on NFT security is scarce, and the security issues have aroused rare attention. In this study, the NFT ecological process is comprehensively explored. This… More >

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