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  • Open Access


    Osteoporosis Prediction for Trabecular Bone using Machine Learning: A Review

    Marrium Anam1, Vasaki a/p Ponnusamy2,*, Muzammil Hussain3, Muhammad Waqas Nadeem2,4, Mazhar Javed3, Hock Guan Goh2, Sadia Qadeer3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.67, No.1, pp. 89-105, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.013159

    Abstract Trabecular bone holds the utmost importance due to its significance regarding early bone loss. Diseases like osteoporosis greatly affect the structure of the Trabecular bone which results in different outcomes like high risk of fracture. The objective of this paper is to inspect the characteristics of the Trabecular Bone by using the Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) technique. These characteristics prove to be quite helpful in studying different studies related to Trabecular bone such as osteoporosis. The things that were considered before the selection of the articles for the systematic review were language, research field, and… More >

  • Open Access


    Methodology for Numerical Simulation of Trabecular Bone Structures Mechanical Behavior

    M.A. Argenta1, A.P. Gebert2, E.S. Filho3, B.A. Felizari4, M.B. Hecke5

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.79, No.3&4, pp. 159-182, 2011, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2011.079.159

    Abstract Various methods in the literature proposesequations to calculate the stiffness as a function of density of bone tissue such as apparent density and ash density among others[Helgason, Perilli, Schileo, Taddei, Brynjolfsson and Viceconti, 2008]. Other ones present a value of an equivalent elasticity modulus, obtained by statistical adjustments of curves generated through mechanical compression tests over various specimens[Chevalier, Pahr, Allmer, Charlebois and Zysset, 2007; Cuppone, Seedhom, Berry and Ostell, 2004]. Bone tissue is a material withdifferent behaviors according to the scale of observation. It has a complex composite hierarchical structure, which is responsible for assign More >

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