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Search Results (19)
  • Open Access


    Hydrodynamic Cavitation Enhanced SR-Aops Degradation of Organic Pollutants in Water: A Review

    Xiufeng Zhu1,2, Jingying Wang1,*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.4, pp. 671-692, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.045260


    SR-AOP (sulfate radical advanced oxidation process) is a novel water treatment method able to eliminate refractory organic pollutants. Hydrodynamic cavitation (HC) is a novel green technology, that can effectively produce strong oxidizing sulfate radicals. This paper presents a comprehensive review of the research advancements in these fields and a critical discussion of the principal factors influencing HC-enhanced SR-AOP and the mechanisms of synergistic degradation. Furthermore, some insights into the industrial application of HC/PS are also provided. Current research shows that this technology is feasible at the laboratory stage, but its application on larger scales requires further understanding and exploration. In… More > Graphic Abstract

    Hydrodynamic Cavitation Enhanced SR-Aops Degradation of Organic Pollutants in Water: A Review

  • Open Access


    Numerical Investigation of the Angle of Attack Effect on Cloud Cavitation Flow around a Clark-Y Hydrofoil

    Di Peng1,2, Guoqing Chen1, Jiale Yan1,*, Shiping Wang2,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 2947-2964, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.047265

    Abstract Cavitation is a prevalent phenomenon within the domain of ship and ocean engineering, predominantly occurring in the tail flow fields of high-speed rotating propellers and on the surfaces of high-speed underwater vehicles. The re-entrant jet and compression wave resulting from the collapse of cavity vapour are pivotal factors contributing to cavity instability. Concurrently, these phenomena significantly modulate the evolution of cavitation flow. In this paper, numerical investigations into cloud cavitation over a Clark-Y hydrofoil were conducted, utilizing the Large Eddy Simulation (LES) turbulence model and the Volume of Fluid (VOF) method within the OpenFOAM framework. Comparative analysis of results obtained… More > Graphic Abstract

    Numerical Investigation of the Angle of Attack Effect on Cloud Cavitation Flow around a Clark-Y Hydrofoil

  • Open Access


    Research on Cavitation Characteristics and Influencing Factors of Herringbone Gear Pump

    Jinlong Yang, Kwang-Hee Lee, Chul-Hee Lee*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 2917-2946, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.046740

    Abstract Cavitation is a common issue in pumps, causing a decrease in pump head, a fall in volumetric efficiency, and an intensification of outlet flow pulsation. It is one of the main hazards that affect the regular operation of the pump. Research on pump cavitation mainly focuses on mixed flow pumps, jet pumps, external spur gear pumps, etc. However, there are few cavitation studies on external herringbone gear pumps. In addition, pumps with different working principles significantly differ in the flow and complexity of the internal flow field. Therefore, it is urgent to study the cavitation characteristics of external herringbone gear… More >

  • Open Access



    Vijayakumar Thulasi*, Thundil Karuppa Raj Rajagopal

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.4, No.2, pp. 1-5, 2013, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v4.2.3007

    Abstract Researchers across the world are exploring the potential of using diethyl ether as an alternate fuel to meet the stringent emission norms due to the high oxygen content in the fuel. The spray characteristics of any injected fuel are highly influenced by its physical properties. Due to high injection pressure in CI engines the fuel tends to cavitate inside the nozzle greatly. The change in fuel properties will affect the cavitating behavior of the fuel. In this paper computational technique is used to study and compare the internal flow characteristics of a fuel injector for different blends of diethyl ether… More >

  • Open Access


    Study on the Fractal Characteristics of Cavitation Shedding over a Twisted Hydrofoil

    Zilong Hu1, Weilong Guang1, Ran Tao1,2,*, Ruofu Xiao1,2, Di Zhu3

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.21, pp. 161-178, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2023.041402

    Abstract Cavitation and cavitation erosion often occur and seriously threaten the safe and stable operation of hydraulic machinery. However, during the operation of hydraulic machinery, the cavitation flow field is often difficult to contact and measure, and the shedding and development characteristics of cavitation flow are unknown. This paper uses the Detached Eddy Simulation (DES) turbulence model and Zwart-Gerber-Belamri (ZGB) cavitation model to conduct numerical research on the cavitation flow of a twisted hydrofoil and verifies the effectiveness of numerical simulation by comparing it with experimental results. Then, based on the fractal dimension method, the number and fractal dimension of the… More >

  • Open Access


    Jet Characteristics and Optimization of a Cavitation Nozzle for Hydraulic Fracturing Applications

    Yu Gao1, Zhenqiang Xu2,3,*, Kaixiang Shen2,3,*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.1, pp. 179-192, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.030499

    Abstract Hydraulic jetting is a form of fracturing that involves using a high-pressure jet of water to create fractures in the reservoir rock with a nozzle serving as the central component of the hydraulic sandblasting perforation tool. In this study, the flow behavior of the nozzle is simulated numerically in the framework of a SST k-ω turbulence model. The results show that the nozzle structure can significantly influence the jet performance and related cavitation effect. Through orthogonal experiments, the nozzle geometric parameters are optimized, and the following configuration is found accordingly: contraction angle 20°, contraction segment length 6 mm, cylindrical segment… More >

  • Open Access


    Optimization of a Diesel Injector Nozzle

    Yaofei Zhang1, Guoxiang Li1, Shuzhan Bai1, Ke Sun1,*, Guihua Wang1,*, Yujie Jia2, Zhengxian Fang2

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.11, pp. 2933-2951, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.028804

    Abstract Multiphase simulations based on the VOF (Volume of Fluid) approach, used in synergy with the cavitation Schnerr-Sauer method and the K-Epsilon turbulence model, have been conducted to study the behavior of an injector nozzle as a function of relevant structural parameters (such as the spray hole diameter and length). The related performances have been optimized in the framework of orthogonal experimental design and range analysis methods. As made evident by the results, as the spray hole diameter increases from 0.10 to 0.20 mm, the outlet mass flow rate grows by 243.23%. A small diameter of the spray hole, however, has… More >

  • Open Access


    Underwater Explosion Cavitation Characteristics of Inclined Wall Near Free Surface

    Wenbin Wu1,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.26, No.2, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.08928

    Abstract The shock wave and cavitation reloading caused by underwater explosion (UNDEX) could threaten the survivability of naval ships seriously. In this talk, we introduce the local discontinuous Galerkin (LDG) method [1] to solve the wave equation to track the propagation and reflection of the UNDEX shock wave. And the pressure cutoff model is adopted to simulate the cavitation effect caused by the reflection of the shock wave. The present LDG model can accurately calculate the UNDEX shock wave and cavitation loading. The present model is validated by comparing with the total formulation calculated by the ABAQUS software. Using this model,… More >

  • Open Access


    Numerical Simulation of Droplets Interacting with a Microcolumnar Solid Structure

    Liang Yang*, Tianle Xi, Zhixing Wang

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1585-1608, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.024987

    Abstract The VOF method is used to simulate the dynamics of a droplet interacting with a structure consisting of an array of microcolumns mounted on a flat surface. Such a specific configuration is intended to mimic the typical properties of lotus leaves, which typically display regularly arranged micron-scale papillary structures. After setting the initial velocity of the simulated droplet on the basis of practical considerations, an analysis is conducted about the effect of the characteristic size of the microstructure on the apparent contact angle. The pressure variation in the microstructure caves is also examined. The simulation results show that the change… More >

  • Open Access


    An Analysis of the Factors Influencing Cavitation in the Cylinder Liner of a Diesel Engine

    Dehui Tong1,2, Shunshun Qin1,2,*, Quan Liu1,2, Yuhan Li3, Jiewei Lin2,3

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.6, pp. 1667-1682, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019768

    Abstract Avoiding cavitation inside the water jacket is one of the most important issues regarding the proper design of a diesel engine’s cylinder liner. Using CFD simulations conducted in the frame of a mixture multiphase approach, a moving grid technology and near-wall cavitation model, in the present study the factors and fluid-dynamic patterns that influence cavitation are investigated from both macroscopic and mesoscopic perspectives. Several factors are examined, namely: wall vibration, water jacket width, initial cavitation bubble radius, coolant temperature, and number of bubbles. The results show that reducing the cylinder liner vibration intensity can significantly weaken the cavitation. Similarly, increasing… More >

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