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Search Results (7)
  • Open Access


    Improvement of Early Maturing and Climate Resilient Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Cultivars Suitable for Multiple Environments in Bangladesh

    Md. Aktar-Uz-Zaman1, Md. Ariful Islam2, Md. Shahin Iqbal1, Md. Jahangir Alam1, Debashish Sarkar1, Bander Albogami3, Ahmed Gaber3, Akbar Hossain4,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.3, pp. 883-899, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.025022

    Abstract Ensuring food security for the rapidly increasing population and changing climatic scenarios are requisites for exploiting the genetic divergence of food crops. A study was undertaken to sort out an early maturing chickpea variety for fitting easily between rice-rice cropping systems in the Eastern Indo-Gangetic Plain of Bangladesh. The trial was comprised of eight elite lines of chickpea and executed at various localities in Bangladesh from 2014– 15 to 2017–18. The result explored the chickpea genotype, BARI Chola-11 remained superior to the rest of the elite genotypes for having a short maturity period (100–106 days), and lesser days to 50%… More >

  • Open Access


    Chickpea C2H2-Type Zinc Finger Protein ZF2 is a Positive Regulator in Drought Response in Arabidopsis

    Sushuang Liu1,2,#, Yanmin Liu1,2,#, Chundong Liu1, Xingwang Yu2,3, Hao Ma2,4,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.2, pp. 577-590, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.023738

    Abstract Drought is a major abiotic stress limiting agricultural crops production worldwide. In our study, we isolated a novel C2H2-type zinc finger protein gene ZF2 from chickpea. ZF2 consisted of 232 amino acids with two QALGGH motifs in Cys2/His2 zinc finger domain. Transient expression analysis of ZF2:GFP fusion protein showed that ZF2 was a nuclear localized protein. In the yeast assay system, the full-length of ZF2 did not show transcriptional activation. Expression of ZF2 gene was enhanced by treatments of several abiotic stresses and phytohormones. The promoter region of ZF2 contained multiple stress- and hormone-related cis-elements. Overexpression of ZF2 in Arabidopsis… More >

  • Open Access


    Exploration of Distinct Physiological and Biochemical Alterations in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under Varying Organic Materials, Drought and Proline Application

    Uttam Kumer Sarker1, A. N. Md. Anamul Karim1, F. M. Jamil Uddin1, Ahmed Khairul Hasan1, Najrul Islam1, Md. Romij Uddin1,*, Md. Alamgir Hossain2, Sabry Hassan3, Mohamed M. Hassan3, Mahmoud F. K. Soliman4

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.12, pp. 2775-2789, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.023112

    Abstract Chickpea yield is decreasing day by day due to drought stress, which could be an immense risk for future food security in developing countries. Management practices could be the most excellent approach to diminish loss due to this abiotic factor. The current research work was designed to explore the tolerance reaction of chickpea genotypes against management practices, through morphological and biochemical parameters and evaluate yield performance across drought prone location of Bangladesh. Four genotypes BD-6048, BD-6045, BD-6090, BD-6092 and eight management practices, e.g., severe water stress (SWS), i.e., without irrigation, 10 cm thick mulching with rice straw (MRS), 10 cm thick… More >

  • Open Access


    Effect of Cadmium Stress on the Growth, Physiology, Stress Markers, Antioxidants and Stomatal Behaviour of Two Genotypes of Chickpea ( Cicer arietinum L.)

    Sayyada Bushra1, Shahla Faizan1, Zeenat Mushtaq1, Alisha Hussain1, Khalid Rehman Hakeem2,3,4,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.9, pp. 1987-2004, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.019957


    The current work was performed to know the impact of cadmium (Cd) toxicity on two different genotypes of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) namely Pusa-BG1053 and Pusa-BG372. Cadmium was applied in the form of cadmium chloride (CdCl2), in varying levels, 0, 25, 50, 75, and 100 mg Cd kg-1 soil. Plant growth as well as physiological attributes were decreased with increasing concentration of Cd. Both genotypes showed the maximum and significant reduction at the maximum dose of Cd (100 mg Cd kg-1 soil). Results of this study proved that the genotype Pusa-BG1053 was more tolerant and showed a lower decline in… More >

  • Open Access


    Changes in Growth, Photosynthetic Pigments, Cell Viability, Lipid Peroxidation and Antioxidant Defense System in Two Varieties of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Subjected to Salinity Stress

    Zeenat Mushtaq1, Shahla Faizan1, Basit Gulzar2, Humira Mushtaq3, Sayyada Bushra1, Alisha Hussain1, Khalid Rehman Hakeem4,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.1, pp. 149-168, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.016231

    Abstract Salinity is one of the most severe abiotic stresses for crop production. The present study investigates the salinity-induced modulation in growth indicators, morphology and movement of stomata, photosynthetic pigments, activity of carbonic anhydrase as well as nitrate reductase, and antioxidant systems in two varieties of chickpea (Pusa-BG5023, and Pusa-BGD72). On 20th day of sowing, plants were treated with varying levels of NaCl (0, 50, 100, 150 and 200 mM) followed by sampling on 45 days of sowing. Recorded observations on both the varieties reveal that salt stress leads to a significant decline in growth, dry biomass, leaf area, photosynthetic pigments,… More >

  • Open Access


    Analysis of Growth and Productivity of Green Chickpea Using Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilization

    Maricela Apáez-Barrios1, José Alberto Salvador Escalante-Estrada2, Patricio Apáez-Barrios1,*, Yurixhi Atenea Raya-Montaño3, Juan Carlos Álvarez-Hernández1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.4, pp. 1193-1203, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.014567

    Abstract Chickpea contains high levels of protein, vitamins and minerals. Acceptable chickpea yield is the result of meeting nitrogen and phosphorus requirements. The effect of appropriately meeting such requirements reflects on growth and can easily be evaluated using growth analysis. This research determined: (a) The effect of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization on phenology, net assimilation rate, number of green leaves, leaf area, leaf area index and leaf area duration; (b) Green chickpea yield and number of pods due to fertilization; and (c) The combination of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization that yields the most net revenue. Nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization was evaluated;… More >

  • Open Access


    Liquid compost factor: a biologically derived seed treatment for increased grain chickpea production

    Robles-Hernández1* L, AC González-Franco1, SO Guy2, WC Chun2

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.78, pp. 129-134, 2009, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2009.78.129

    Abstract This study presents the effect of Liquid Compost Factor (LCF) seed treatments on plant height in greenhouse trials, and plant density, plant height and seed yield of chickpea in field conditions. The greenhouse trials were organized in a randomized block design, while in field experiments were established in a factorial complete randomized block design conducted in Moscow and Genesee, Idaho, USA locations during 2003 and 2004. In the greenhouse, LCF 1:64 had the highest plant growth, and was statistically similar to LCF 1:110, LCF 1:128 and LCF 1:140, but different to the non-treated control. The orthogonal contrasts of LCF treatments… More >

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