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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Design of Evolutionary Algorithm Based Unequal Clustering for Energy Aware Wireless Sensor Networks

    Mohammed Altaf Ahmed1, T. Satyanarayana Murthy2, Fayadh Alenezi3, E. Laxmi Lydia4, Seifedine Kadry5,6,7, Yena Kim8, Yunyoung Nam8,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.1, pp. 1283-1297, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.035786

    Abstract Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) play a vital role in several real-time applications ranging from military to civilian. Despite the benefits of WSN, energy efficiency becomes a major part of the challenging issue in WSN, which necessitate proper load balancing amongst the clusters and serves a wider monitoring region. The clustering technique for WSN has several benefits: lower delay, higher energy efficiency, and collision avoidance. But clustering protocol has several challenges. In a large-scale network, cluster-based protocols mainly adapt multi-hop routing to save energy, leading to hot spot problems. A hot spot problem becomes a problem… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Energy-Efficient Clustering Using Optimization with Locust Game Theory

    P. Kavitha Rani1, Hee-Kwon Chae2, Yunyoung Nam2,*, Mohamed Abouhawwash3,4

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.3, pp. 2591-2605, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.033697

    Abstract Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are made up of several sensors located in a specific area and powered by a finite amount of energy to gather environmental data. WSNs use sensor nodes (SNs) to collect and transmit data. However, the power supplied by the sensor network is restricted. Thus, SNs must store energy as often as to extend the lifespan of the network. In the proposed study, effective clustering and longer network lifetimes are achieved using multi-swarm optimization (MSO) and game theory based on locust search (LS-II). In this research, MSO is used to improve the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Energy-Efficient Multi-swarm Optimization in Wireless Sensor Networks

    Reem Alkanhel1, Kalaiselvi Chinnathambi2, C. Thilagavathi3, Mohamed Abouhawwash4,5, Mona A. Al duailij6, Manal Abdullah Alohali7, Doaa Sami Khafaga6,*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.2, pp. 1571-1583, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.033430

    Abstract Wireless Sensor Networks are a group of sensors with inadequate power sources that are installed in a particular region to gather information from the surroundings. Designing energy-efficient data gathering methods in large-scale Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) is one of the most difficult areas of study. As every sensor node has a finite amount of energy. Battery power is the most significant source in the WSN. Clustering is a well-known technique for enhancing the power feature in WSN. In the proposed method multi-Swarm optimization based on a Genetic Algorithm and Adaptive Hierarchical clustering-based routing protocol are… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Hopping-Aware Cluster Header Capability for Sensor Relocation in Mobile IoT Networks

    Moonseong Kim1, Jaeyoung Park2, Young-Joon Kim3, Woochan Lee4,*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.2, pp. 1613-1625, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.033081

    Abstract Mobile sensor nodes such as hopping sensors are of critical importance in data collection. However, the occurrence of sensing holes is unavoidable due to the energy limitation of the nodes. Thus, it is evident that the relocation of mobile sensors is the most desirable method to recover the sensing holes. The previous research conducted by the authors so far demonstrated the most realistic hopping sensor relocation scheme, which is suitable for the distributed environment. In previous studies, the cluster header plays an essential role in detecting the sensing hole and requesting the neighboring cluster to… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Adaptive Route Sink Relocation Using Cluster Head Chain Cycling Model in WSN

    M. Sudha1,*, P. Shanmugapriya2, Rami Q. Malik3, Ahmed Alkhayyat4

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.2, pp. 1811-1826, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.032265

    Abstract Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) have revolutionized the processes involved in industrial communication. However, the most important challenge faced by WSN sensors is the presence of limited energy. Multiple research investigations have been conducted so far on how to prolong the energy in WSN. This phenomenon is a result of inability of the network to have battery powered-sensor terminal. Energy-efficient routing on packet flow is a parallel phenomenon to delay nature, whereas the primary energy gets wasted as a result of WSN holes. Energy holes are present in the vicinity of sink and it is an… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Energy-Efficient Routing Protocol with Multi-Hop Fuzzy Logic for Wireless Networks

    J. Gobinath1,*, S. Hemajothi2, J. S. Leena Jasmine3

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.2, pp. 2457-2471, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.031171

    Abstract A Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) becomes a newer type of real-time embedded device that can be utilized for a wide range of applications that make regular networking which appears impracticable. Concerning the energy production of the nodes, WSN has major issues that may influence the stability of the system. As a result, constructing WSN requires devising protocols and standards that make the most use of constrained capacity, especially the energy resources. WSN faces some issues with increased power utilization and an on going development due to the uneven energy usage between the nodes. Clustering has… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    CEER: Cooperative Energy-Efficient Routing Mechanism for Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks Using Clusters

    Sayyed Mudassar Shah1, Tariq Hussain2, Babar Shah3, Farman Ali4, Khalid Zaman1, Kyung-Sup Kwak5,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.45, No.3, pp. 2587-2602, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.034489

    Abstract Underwater acoustic sensor networks (UWASNs) aim to find varied offshore ocean monitoring and exploration applications. In most of these applications, the network is composed of several sensor nodes deployed at different depths in the water. Sensor nodes located at depth on the seafloor cannot invariably communicate with nodes close to the surface level; these nodes need multi-hop communication facilitated by a suitable routing scheme. In this research work, a Cluster-based Cooperative Energy Efficient Routing (CEER) mechanism for UWSNs is proposed to overcome the shortcomings of the Co-UWSN and LEACH mechanisms. The optimal role of clustering… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Energy-Efficient Routing Using Novel Optimization with Tabu Techniques for Wireless Sensor Network

    Manar Ahmed Hamza1,2,*, Aisha Hassan Abdalla Hashim1, Dalia H. Elkamchouchi3, Nadhem Nemri4, Jaber S. Alzahrani5, Amira Sayed A. Aziz6, Mnahel Ahmed Ibrahim7, Abdelwahed Motwakel2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.45, No.2, pp. 1711-1726, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.031467

    Abstract Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) consists of a group of limited energy source sensors that are installed in a particular region to collect data from the environment. Designing the energy-efficient data collection methods in large-scale wireless sensor networks is considered to be a difficult area in the research. Sensor node clustering is a popular approach for WSN. Moreover, the sensor nodes are grouped to form clusters in a cluster-based WSN environment. The battery performance of the sensor nodes is likewise constrained. As a result, the energy efficiency of WSNs is critical. In specific, the energy usage… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Cluster Head Selection and Multipath Routing Based Energy Efficient Wireless Sensor Network

    T. Shanmugapriya1,*, Dr. K. Kousalya2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.1, pp. 879-894, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.032074

    Abstract The Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is a network of Sensor Nodes (SN) which adopt radio signals for communication amongst themselves. There is an increase in the prominence of WSN adaptability to emerging applications like the Internet of Things (IoT) and Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS). Data security, detection of faults, management of energy, collection and distribution of data, network protocol, network coverage, mobility of nodes, and network heterogeneity are some of the issues confronted by WSNs. There is not much published information on issues related to node mobility and management of energy at the time of aggregation… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Optimal Cluster Head and Gateway Node Selection with Fault Tolerance

    P. Rahul*, B. Kaarthick

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.35, No.2, pp. 1595-1609, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.025762

    Abstract In Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANET), Quality of Service (QoS) is an important factor that must be analysed for the showing the better performance. The Node Quality-based Clustering Algorithm using Fuzzy-Fruit Fly Optimization for Cluster Head and Gateway Selection (NQCAFFFOCHGS) has the best network performance because it uses the Improved Weighted Clustering Algorithm (IWCA) to cluster the network and the FFO algorithm, which uses fuzzy-based network metrics to select the best CH and entryway. However, the major drawback of the fuzzy system was to appropriately select the membership functions. Also, the network metrics related to… More >

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