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  • Open Access


    Comparative Analysis of Machine Learning Models for PDF Malware Detection: Evaluating Different Training and Testing Criteria

    Bilal Khan1, Muhammad Arshad2, Sarwar Shah Khan3,4,*

    Journal of Cyber Security, Vol.5, pp. 1-11, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jcs.2023.042501

    Abstract The proliferation of maliciously coded documents as file transfers increase has led to a rise in sophisticated attacks. Portable Document Format (PDF) files have emerged as a major attack vector for malware due to their adaptability and wide usage. Detecting malware in PDF files is challenging due to its ability to include various harmful elements such as embedded scripts, exploits, and malicious URLs. This paper presents a comparative analysis of machine learning (ML) techniques, including Naive Bayes (NB), K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN), Average One Dependency Estimator (A1DE), Random Forest (RF), and Support Vector Machine (SVM) for PDF malware detection. The study… More >

  • Open Access


    Comparative Analysis of COVID-19 Detection Methods Based on Neural Network

    Inès Hilali-Jaghdam1,*, Azhari A Elhag2, Anis Ben Ishak3, Bushra M. Elamin Elnaim4, Omer Eltag Mohammed Elhag5, Feda Muhammed Abuhaimed1, S. Abdel-Khalek2,6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.1, pp. 1127-1150, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.038915

    Abstract In 2019, the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) ravaged the world. As of July 2021, there are about 192 million infected people worldwide and 4.1365 million deaths. At present, the new coronavirus is still spreading and circulating in many places around the world, especially since the emergence of Delta variant strains has increased the risk of the COVID-19 pandemic again. The symptoms of COVID-19 are diverse, and most patients have mild symptoms, with fever, dry cough, and fatigue as the main manifestations, and about 15.7% to 32.0% of patients will develop severe symptoms. Patients are screened in hospitals or primary… More >

  • Open Access


    Comparative Analysis for Evaluating Wind Energy Resources Using Intelligent Optimization Algorithms and Numerical Methods

    Musaed Alrashidi*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.1, pp. 491-513, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.038628

    Abstract Statistical distributions are used to model wind speed, and the two-parameters Weibull distribution has proven its effectiveness at characterizing wind speed. Accurate estimation of Weibull parameters, the scale (c) and shape (k), is crucial in describing the actual wind speed data and evaluating the wind energy potential. Therefore, this study compares the most common conventional numerical (CN) estimation methods and the recent intelligent optimization algorithms (IOA) to show how precise estimation of c and k affects the wind energy resource assessments. In addition, this study conducts technical and economic feasibility studies for five sites in the northern part of Saudi… More >

  • Open Access


    Comparative Analysis of Execution of CNN-Based Sanguine Data Transmission with LSB-SS and PVD-SS

    Alaknanda S. Patil1,*, G. Sundari1, Arun Kumar Sivaraman2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.2, pp. 1707-1721, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.034270

    Abstract The intact data transmission to the authentic user is becoming crucial at every moment in the current era. Steganography; is a technique for concealing the hidden message in any cover media such as image, video; and audio to increase the protection of data. The resilience and imperceptibility are improved by choosing an appropriate embedding position. This paper gives a novel system to immerse the secret information in different videos with different methods. An audio and video steganography with novel amalgamations are implemented to immerse the confidential auditory information and the authentic user’s face image. A hidden message is first included… More >

  • Open Access


    Structural characterization of four Rhododendron spp. chloroplast genomes and comparative analyses with other azaleas


    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.3, pp. 657-668, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.026781

    Abstract Azalea is a general designation of Rhododendron in the Ericaceae family. Rhododendron not only has high ornamental value but also has application value in ecological protection, medicine, and scientific research. In this study, we used Illumina and PacBio sequencing to assemble and annotate the entire chloroplast genomes (cp genomes) of four Rhododendron species. The chloroplast genomes of R. concinnum, R. henanense subsp. lingbaoense, R. micranthum, and R. simsii were assembled into 207,236, 208,015, 207,233, and 206,912 bp, respectively. All chloroplast genomes contain eight rRNA genes, with either 88 or 89 protein-coding genes. The four cp genomes were compared and analyzed… More >

  • Open Access


    Comparative Analysis of Equal and Unequal Grounding Grid Configurations by Compression Ratio and Least Square Curve Fitting Techniques

    M. Soni*, Abraham George

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.3, pp. 597-616, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.021301

    Abstract The primary aim of the power system grounding is to safeguard the person and satisfying the performance of the power system to maintain reliable operation. With equal conductor spacing grounding grid design, the distribution of the current in the grid is not uniform. Hence, unequal grid conductor span in which grid conductors are concentrated more at the periphery is safer to practice than equal spacing. This paper presents the comparative analysis of two novel techniques that create unequal spacing among the grid conductors: the least-square curve fitting technique and the compression ratio technique with equal grid configuration for both square… More >

  • Open Access


    Comparative Analysis of the Photosynthetic Characteristics and Active Compounds of Semiliquidambar cathayensis Chang Heteromorphic Leaves

    Xiaoming Tian*, Guangfeng Xiang, Hao Lv, Jing Peng, Lu Zhu

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.3, pp. 837-850, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.024408

    Abstract In the present study, the variation patterns of leaf shape in different populations of individual Semiliquidambar cathayensis plants were analyzed to investigate the relationship among leaf shape variation, photosynthetic properties, and active compounds to understand the genetic characteristics of S. cathayensis and screen elite germplasms. The leaf shape of 18 offspring from three natural S. cathayensis populations was analyzed to investigate the level of diversity and variation patterns of leaf shape. Furthermore, photosynthetic pigment content, physiological parameters of photosynthesis, and the active compounds in leaves of different shapes were determined. Statistical analysis showed that the leaf shape variation in  S. cathayensisMore >

  • Open Access


    Comparative Analysis of Pythagorean MCDM Methods for the Risk Assessment of Childhood Cancer

    Shaista Habib1, Muhammad Akram2,*, M. M. Ali Al-Shamiri3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.135, No.3, pp. 2585-2615, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.024551

    Abstract According to the World Health Organization (WHO), cancer is the leading cause of death for children in low and middle-income countries. Around 400,000 kids get diagnosed with this illness each year, and their survival rate depends on the country in which they live. In this article, we present a Pythagorean fuzzy model that may help doctors identify the most likely type of cancer in children at an early stage by taking into account the symptoms of different types of cancer. The Pythagorean fuzzy decision-making techniques that we utilize are Pythagorean Fuzzy TOPSIS, Pythagorean Fuzzy Entropy (PF-Entropy), and Pythagorean Fuzzy Power… More > Graphic Abstract

    Comparative Analysis of Pythagorean MCDM Methods for the Risk Assessment of Childhood Cancer

  • Open Access


    Improvement method for cervical cancer detection: A comparative analysis


    Oncology Research, Vol.29, No.5, pp. 365-376, 2021, DOI:10.32604/or.2022.025897

    Abstract Cervical cancer is a prevalent and deadly cancer that affects women all over the world. It affects about 0.5 million women anually and results in over 0.3 million fatalities. Diagnosis of this cancer was previously done manually, which could result in false positives or negatives. The researchers are still contemplating how to detect cervical cancer automatically and how to evaluate Pap smear images. Hence, this paper has reviewed several detection methods from the previous researches that has been done before. This paper reviews pre-processing, detection method framework for nucleus detection, and analysis performance of the method selected. There are four… More >

  • Open Access


    Comparative Analysis of the Measured and Simulated Performances of a Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Power Plant

    Mourad Benfares*, Sanae Janati Edrissi, Mohammed Benbrahim, Izeddine Zorkani, Anouar Jorio, Ali Didi Seddik

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.6, pp. 1805-1813, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.022095

    Abstract The present study comparing actual data and simulated parameters was carried out using the PVsyst software for a 5.94 KWp grid-connected photovoltaic system, consisting of three types of mono-Si (2.04 KWp), poly-Si (2.04 KWp) and amorphous-Si (1.86 KWp) photovoltaic panels and a weather station. The research is based on data collected for one year (2020) of energy production Simulations were performed using long-term meteorological data generated by NASA and on-site measurement. A comparison of evaluated monthly and annually performance elements has also been considered: Eac, PR, FC. As shown by the results, each photovoltaic technology has certain advantages in different… More >

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