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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Non-Isothermal Three-Dimensional Developments and Process Modeling of Composites: Flow/Thermal/Cure Formulations and Experimental Validations

    N. D. Ngo, K. K. Tamma1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.1, No.3, pp. 57-72, 2000, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2000.001.359

    Abstract In the process modeling via Resin Transfer Molding (RTM) for thick composite sections, multi-layer preforms with varying thermophysical characteristics across the different layers, or for geometrically complex mold geometries with varying thicknesses, the assumption of a thin shell-like geometry is no longer valid. The flow in the through thickness direction is no longer negligible and current practices of treating the continuously moving flow front as two-dimensional and the temperature and cure as three-dimensional are not representative of the underlying physics. In view of these considerations, in the present study, the focus is on the non-isothermal process modeling of composites employing… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Computational Method Based on Augmented Lagrangians and Fast Fourier Transforms for Composites with High Contrast

    J.C. Michel1, H. Moulinec, P. Suquet

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.1, No.2, pp. 79-88, 2000, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2000.001.239

    Abstract An iterative numerical method based on Fast Fourier Transforms has been proposed by \cite{MOU98} to investigate the effective properties of periodic composites. This iterative method is based on the exact expression of the Green function for a linear elastic, homogeneous reference material. When dealing with linear phases, the number of iterations required to reach convergence is proportional to the contrast between the phases properties, and convergence is therefore not ensured in the case of composites with infinite contrast (those containing voids or rigid inclusions or highly nonlinear materials). It is proposed in this study to overcome this difficulty by using… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Kinematic Limit Analysis of Periodic Heterogeneous Media1

    V. Carvelli2, G. Maier2, A. Taliercio2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.1, No.2, pp. 19-30, 2000, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2000.001.179

    Abstract Homogenization of periodic fiber-reinforced ductile composite materials is performed as for the material strength, i.e. the carrying capacity with respect to macroscopic (average) stresses. Rigid-plastic limit analysis is formulated by the kinematic theorem applied to the representative volume with periodicity boundary conditions and von Mises yield criterion. The iterative procedure adopted for the numerical solution of the minimization problem is comparatively discussed on the basis of applications to various ductile heterogeneous media. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Study on the Properties of Resin Transfer Molding Cyanate Ester and Its T800 Grade Carbon Fiber Composites

    Qiuren Ou1,2,*, Peijun Ji2, Jun Xiao1, Ling Wu2

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.15, No.1, pp. 27-37, 2019, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2019.04787

    Abstract The properties of resin transfer molding (RTM) cyanate ester and its T800 grade carbon fiber composites were studied with the rheometer, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), FT-IR, dynamic mechanical analyzer (DMA), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), mechanical property testing, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results showed that the temperature of cyanate ester suitable for RTM process was 70℃. Curing process of the resin was 130℃/2 h+160℃/2 h+200℃/2 h+220℃/4 h. Glass transition temperature and heat decomposition temperature of the cured resin are 289℃ and 415℃, respectively. Mechanical properties of T800/RTM cyanate composites are 13.5% higher than that of T700/RTM cyanate composites and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Recent Developments About IPMCs (Ionic Polymer-Metal) Composites: A Review of Performances for Different Conditions

    Wenqi Zhang1, Yunqing Gu1,*, Jiegang Mou1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.14, No.4, pp. 243-258, 2018, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2018.03836

    Abstract It is of great significance for the production of micro robots and new sensors to develop actuators with “muscle” properties. As a kind of electroactive polymers (EAPs), IPMC (ionic polymer-metal composite) can exhibit significant deformation for very low electrical excitation. These composites, known as the “artificial muscle”, can be regarded as intelligent bionic materials. With regard to the mechanism of deformation of IPMC, a large number of experimental studies have proved that the variety of electrodes and water contents relating to IPMC have great influence on its electro-mechanical and mechanical properties. Recent research results about IPMC were summarized here to… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Production of Carbon Nanotubes-Nickel Composites on Different Graphite Substrates

    Munther Issa K,ah1, Jean-Luc Meunier2

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.5, No.2, pp. 123-136, 2009, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2009.005.123

    Abstract Multi walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were synthesized on different graphite types covered with thin layer of nickel catalyst by catalytic chemical vapour deposition using acetylene as hydrocarbon source. The produced carbon nanotubes were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The shape, quantity and diameter of the MWCNTs are shown to be affected by the type of the graphite substrate, the growth temperature and the hydrocarbon source flow rate. The diameters of the produced MWCNTs were ranged between 43 and 80 nm for pyrolytic (PYROID) and polycrystalline (AXF-5Q) graphite, respectively when the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Normal Stresses in an Ifnitite Elastic Body with a Locally Curved and Hollow Nanofiber

    K. S. Alan1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.44, No.1, pp. 1-21, 2014, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2014.044.001

    Abstract In the framework of the piecewise homogeneous body model with the use of the three-dimensional geometrically nonlinear exact equations of the theory of elasticity, the method developed for the determination of the stress distribution in the nanocomposites with unidirectional locally curved and hollow nanofibers is used to investigate the normal stresses acting along the nanofibers. Furthermore, it is assumed that the body is loaded at infinity by uniformly distributed normal forces which act along the nanofibers and the crosssection of the nanofibers and normal to its axial line, is a circle of constant radius along the entire nanofiber length. For… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Thermal Cycling Degradation of T650 Carbon Fiber/PT-30 Cyanate Ester Composite

    Huanchun Chen1, Kunigal Shivakumar1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.8, No.1, pp. 33-42, 2008, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2008.008.033

    Abstract Thermal cycling degradation effect on tensile and flexural properties of Cytec T650 carbon/Lonza Primaset PT-30 cyanate ester composite rods used for gas turbine engine brush seals was evaluated. The composite rods were thermal cycled in air from room temperature to 315°C for 100, 200, 400, 600 and 800 cycles. Each thermal cycle is a one hour period with 28 minutes hold at peak temperature and a high heating/cooling rate of 73°C/min. The composite withstood the first 100 thermal cycles with less than 10% property change. After that, tensile strength and fracture strain as well as flexural modulus were gradually reduced.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A New Constitutive Model for Ferromagnetic Shape Memory Alloy Particulate Composites

    H.T. Li1,2,3, Z.Y. Guo1,2, J. Wen1,2, H.G. Xiang1,2, Y.X. Zhang1,2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.48, No.2, pp. 91-102, 2015, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2015.048.091

    Abstract Ferromagnetic shape memory alloy particulate composites, which combine the advantages of large magnetic field induced deformation in ferromagnetic shape memory alloys (FSMAs) with high ductility in matrix, can be used for sensor and actuator applications. In this paper, a new constitutive model was proposed to predict the magneto-mechanical behaviors of FSMA particulate composites based on the description for FSMAs, incorporating Eshelby’s equivalent inclusion theory. The influencing factors, such as volume fraction of particles and elastic modulus, were analyzed. The magnetic field induced strain and other mechanical properties under different magnetic field intensity were also investigated. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Development and Characterization of the Midrib of Coconut Palm Leaf Reinforced Polyester Composite

    Neeraj Dubey1, Geeta Agnihotri1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.45, No.1, pp. 39-56, 2015, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2015.045.039

    Abstract In this paper, midrib of coconut palm leaves (MCL) was investigated for the purpose of development of natural fiber reinforced polymer matrix composites. A new natural fiber composite as MCL/polyester is developed by the hand lay-up method, and the material and mechanical properties of the fiber, matrix and composite materials were evaluated. The effect of fiber content on the tensile, flexural, impact, compressive strength and heat distortion temperature (HDT) was investigated. It was found that the MCL fiber had the maximum tensile strength, tensile modulus flexural strength, flexural modulus and Izod impact strength of 177.5MPa, 14.85GPa, 316.04MPa and 23.54GPa, 8.23KJ/m2More >

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