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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Modified Differential Box Counting in Breast Masses for Bioinformatics Applications

    S. Sathiya Devi1, S. Vidivelli2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.2, pp. 3049-3066, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.019917

    Abstract Breast cancer is one of the common invasive cancers and stands at second position for death after lung cancer. The present research work is useful in image processing for characterizing shape and gray-scale complexity. The proposed Modified Differential Box Counting (MDBC) extract Fractal features such as Fractal Dimension (FD), Lacunarity, and Succolarity for shape characterization. In traditional DBC method, the unreasonable results obtained when FD is computed for tumour regions with the same roughness of intensity surface but different gray-levels. The problem is overcome by the proposed MDBC method that uses box over counting and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Deep Learning-Based Skin Lesion Diagnosis Model Using Dermoscopic Images

    G. Reshma1,*, Chiai Al-Atroshi2, Vinay Kumar Nassa3, B.T. Geetha4, Gurram Sunitha5, Mohammad Gouse Galety6, S. Neelakandan7

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.31, No.1, pp. 621-634, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.019117

    Abstract In recent years, intelligent automation in the healthcare sector becomes more familiar due to the integration of artificial intelligence (AI) techniques. Intelligent healthcare systems assist in making better decisions, which further enable the patient to provide improved medical services. At the same time, skin lesion is a deadly disease that affects people of all age groups. Skin lesion segmentation and classification play a vital part in the earlier and precise skin cancer diagnosis by intelligent systems. However, the automated diagnosis of skin lesions in dermoscopic images is challenging because of the problems such as artifacts… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Convolutional Neural Network for Histopathological Osteosarcoma Image Classification

    Imran Ahmed1,*, Humaira Sardar1, Hanan Aljuaid2, Fakhri Alam Khan1, Muhammad Nawaz1, Adnan Awais1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.3, pp. 3365-3381, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.018486

    Abstract Osteosarcoma is one of the most widespread causes of bone cancer globally and has a high mortality rate. Early diagnosis may increase the chances of treatment and survival however the process is time-consuming (reliability and complexity involved to extract the hand-crafted features) and largely depends on pathologists’ experience. Convolutional Neural Network (CNN—an end-to-end model) is known to be an alternative to overcome the aforesaid problems. Therefore, this work proposes a compact CNN architecture that has been rigorously explored on a Small Osteosarcoma histology Image Dataaseet (a high-class imbalanced dataset). Though, during training, class-imbalanced data can… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Mammographic Image Classification Using Deep Neural Network for Computer-Aided Diagnosis

    Charles Arputham1,*, Krishnaraj Nagappan2, Lenin Babu Russeliah3, AdalineSuji Russeliah4

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.27, No.3, pp. 747-759, 2021, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2021.012077

    Abstract Breast cancer detection is a crucial topic in the healthcare sector. Breast cancer is a major reason for the increased mortality rate in recent years among women, specifically in developed and underdeveloped countries around the world. The incidence rate is less in India than in developed countries, but awareness must be increased. This paper focuses on an efficient deep learning-based diagnosis and classification technique to detect breast cancer from mammograms. The model includes preprocessing, segmentation, feature extraction, and classification. At the initial level, Laplacian filtering is applied to identify the portions of edges in mammogram… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Detection and Grading of Diabetic Retinopathy in Retinal Images Using Deep Intelligent Systems: A Comprehensive Review

    H. Asha Gnana Priya1, J. Anitha1, Daniela Elena Popescu2, Anju Asokan1, D. Jude Hemanth1, Le Hoang Son3,4,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.3, pp. 2771-2786, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.012907

    Abstract Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) is an eye disease that mainly affects people with diabetes. People affected by DR start losing their vision from an early stage even though the symptoms are identified only at the later stage. Once the vision is lost, it cannot be regained but can be prevented from causing any further damage. Early diagnosis of DR is required for preventing vision loss, for which a trained ophthalmologist is required. The clinical practice is time-consuming and is not much successful in identifying DR at early stages. Hence, Computer-Aided Diagnosis (CAD) system is a suitable More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Optimal Deep Learning Based Computer-Aided Diagnosis System for Diabetic Retinopathy

    Phong Thanh Nguyen1, Vy Dang Bich Huynh2, Khoa Dang Vo1, Phuong Thanh Phan1, Eunmok Yang3,*, Gyanendra Prasad Joshi4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.3, pp. 2815-2830, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.012315

    Abstract Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) is a significant blinding disease that poses serious threat to human vision rapidly. Classification and severity grading of DR are difficult processes to accomplish. Traditionally, it depends on ophthalmoscopically-visible symptoms of growing severity, which is then ranked in a stepwise scale from no retinopathy to various levels of DR severity. This paper presents an ensemble of Orthogonal Learning Particle Swarm Optimization (OPSO) algorithm-based Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) Model EOPSO-CNN in order to perform DR detection and grading. The proposed EOPSO-CNN model involves three main processes such as preprocessing, feature extraction, and classification.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Hybrid Approach for the Lung(s) Nodule Detection Using the Deformable Model and Distance Transform

    Ayyaz Hussain1, Mohammed Alawairdhi2, Fayez Alazemi3, Sajid Ali Khan4, Muhammad Ramzan2,*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.26, No.5, pp. 857-871, 2020, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2020.010120

    Abstract The Computer Aided Diagnosis (CAD) systems are gaining more recognition and being used as an aid by clinicians for detection and interpretation of diseases every passing day due to their increasing accuracy and reliability. The lung(s) nodule detection is a very crucial and difficult step for CAD systems. In this paper, a hybrid approach for the lung nodule detection using a deformable model and distance transform has been proposed. The proposed method has the ability to detect all major kinds of nodules such as the juxta-plueral, isolated, and the juxta-vescular, along with the non-solid nodules More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An IoT-Cloud Based Intelligent Computer-Aided Diagnosis of Diabetic Retinopathy Stage Classification Using Deep Learning Approach

    K. Shankar1,*, Eswaran Perumal1, Mohamed Elhoseny2, Phong Thanh Nguyen3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.2, pp. 1665-1680, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.013251

    Abstract Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a disease with an increasing prevalence and the major reason for blindness among working-age population. The possibility of severe vision loss can be extensively reduced by timely diagnosis and treatment. An automated screening for DR has been identified as an effective method for early DR detection, which can decrease the workload associated to manual grading as well as save diagnosis costs and time. Several studies have been carried out to develop automated detection and classification models for DR. This paper presents a new IoT and cloud-based deep learning for healthcare diagnosis… More >

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