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  • Open Access


    Contrast Correction Using Hybrid Statistical Enhancement on Weld Defect Images

    Wan Azani Mustafa1,2,*, Haniza Yazid3, Ahmed Alkhayyat4, Mohd Aminudin Jamlos3, Hasliza A. Rahim3, Midhat Nabil Salimi5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.3, pp. 5327-5342, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.023492

    Abstract Luminosity and contrast variation problems are among the most challenging tasks in the image processing field, significantly improving image quality. Enhancement is implemented by adjusting the dark or bright intensity to improve the quality of the images and increase the segmentation performance. Recently, numerous methods had been proposed to normalise the luminosity and contrast variation. A new approach based on a direct technique using statistical data known as Hybrid Statistical Enhancement (HSE) is presented in this study. The HSE method uses the mean and standard deviation of a local and global neighbourhood and classified the pixel into three groups; the… More >

  • Open Access


    Contrast Enhancement Based Image Detection Using Edge Preserved Key Pixel Point Filtering

    Balakrishnan Natarajan1,*, Pushpalatha Krishnan2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.42, No.2, pp. 423-438, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.022376

    Abstract In existing methods for segmented images, either edge point extraction or preservation of edges, compromising contrast images is so sensitive to noise. The Degeneration Threshold Image Detection (DTID) framework has been proposed to improve the contrast of edge filtered images. Initially, DTID uses a Rapid Bilateral Filtering process for filtering edges of contrast images. This filter decomposes input images into base layers in the DTID framework. With minimal filtering time, Rapid Bilateral Filtering handles high dynamic contrast images for smoothening edge preservation. In the DTID framework, Rapid Bilateral Filtering with Shift-Invariant Base Pass Domain Filter is insensitive to noise. This… More >

  • Open Access


    STRASS Dehazing: Spatio-Temporal Retinex-Inspired Dehazing by an Averaging of Stochastic Samples

    Zhe Yu1, Bangyong Sun1,3,*, Di Liu2, Vincent Whannou de Dravo1, Margarita Khokhlova4, Siyuan Wu3

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.5, pp. 1381-1395, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.018262

    Abstract In this paper, we propose a neoteric and high-efficiency single image dehazing algorithm via contrast enhancement which is called STRASS (Spatio-Temporal Retinex-Inspired by an Averaging of Stochastic Samples) dehazing, it is realized by constructing an efficient high-pass filter to process haze images and taking the influence of human vision system into account in image dehazing principles. The novel high-pass filter works by getting each pixel using RSR and computes the average of the samples. Then the low-pass filter resulting from the minimum envelope in STRESS framework has been replaced by the average of the samples. The final dehazed image is… More >

  • Open Access


    Fatty acids in microalgae and cyanobacteria in a changing world: Contrasting temperate and cold environments


    BIOCELL, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 607-621, 2022, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2022.017309

    Abstract Under the present changing climate conditions and the observed temperature increase, it is of high importance to understand its effects on aquatic microbial life, and organisms’ adaptations at the biochemical level. To adjust to temperature or salinity stress and avoid cell damage, organisms alter their degree of fatty acids (FAs) saturation. Thus, temperature is expected to have strong effects on both the quantity and quality of FAs in aquatic microorganisms. Here we review some recent findings about FAs sensitivity to climate change in contrasting environments. Overall, heat waves may induce changes in the relative abundance of polyunsaturated FAs (PUFA). However,… More >

  • Open Access


    Fuzzy Based Hybrid Focus Value Estimation for Multi Focus Image Fusion

    Muhammad Ahmad1,*, M. Arfan Jaffar1, Fawad Nasim1, Tehreem Masood1, Sheeraz Akram2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.1, pp. 735-752, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.019691


    Due to limited depth-of-field of digital single-lens reflex cameras, the scene content within a limited distance from the imaging plane remains in focus while other objects closer to or further away from the point of focus appear as blurred (out-of-focus) in the image. Multi-Focus Image Fusion can be used to reconstruct a fully focused image from two or more partially focused images of the same scene. In this paper, a new Fuzzy Based Hybrid Focus Measure (FBHFM) for multi-focus image fusion has been proposed. Optimal block size is very critical step for multi-focus image fusion. Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm… More >

  • Open Access


    Lactoferrin-Conjugated Polylactic Acid Nanobubbles Encapsulated Perfluoropentane as a Contrast Agent for Ultrasound/Magnetic Resonance Dual-Modality Imaging

    Liqiong Ding1, Pingsheng Li2, Liu He1, Fengnan Xu1, Jieqiong Ding3,*, Binhua Luo1,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.3, pp. 767-780, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.016903

    Abstract The development of contrast agents that can be activated by multiple modes is of great significance for tumor diagnosis. In this study, the lactoferrin (Lf)-conjugated polylactic acid (PLLA) nanobubbles (Lf-PLLA NBs) were used to encapsulate liquid perfluoropentane (PFP) with the double emulsion method, creating PFP loaded (PFP/Lf-PLLA) NBs for the ultrasound/magnetic resonance dual-modality imaging of subcutaneous tumor. The particle diameter and stability of nanobubbles were investigated by photon correlation spectroscopy. The biocompatibility of nanobubbles was preliminarily evaluated by cell proliferation and migration assay, hemolysis rate, and blood biochemistry analysis. A B-mode clinical ultrasound real-time imaging system was used to perform… More >

  • Open Access


    Effect of Direct Statistical Contrast Enhancement Technique on Document Image Binarization

    Wan Azani Mustafa1,2,*, Haniza Yazid3, Ahmed Alkhayyat4, Mohd Aminudin Jamlos3, Hasliza A. Rahim3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.2, pp. 3549-3564, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.019801

    Abstract Background: Contrast enhancement plays an important role in the image processing field. Contrast correction has performed an adjustment on the darkness or brightness of the input image and increases the quality of the image. Objective: This paper proposed a novel method based on statistical data from the local mean and local standard deviation. Method: The proposed method modifies the mean and standard deviation of a neighbourhood at each pixel and divides it into three categories: background, foreground, and problematic (contrast & luminosity) region. Experimental results from both visual and objective aspects show that the proposed method can normalize the contrast… More >

  • Open Access


    Contrasting Characteristics of Lodging Resistance in Two Super-Rice Hybrids Differing in Harvest Index

    Zui Tao1, Tao Lei1, Fangbo Cao1, Jiana Chen1, Xiaohong Yin1,2, Tianfeng Liang2,*, Min Huang1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.2, pp. 429-437, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.016955

    Abstract The “super rice” breeding program in China has been successful in developing high-yielding hybrids, including few with high harvest index values. However, there is limited information on the relationship between lodging resistance and harvest index, and the mechanisms underlying the relationship in super-rice hybrids. In this study, a two-year field experiment was conducted to compare lodging resistance and its related traits between two super-rice hybrids differing in harvest index, i.e., Guiliangyou 2 (G2) with a high harvest index and Y-liangyou 1 (Y1) with a typical harvest index of modern high-yielding rice varieties. Results showed that compared to Y1, G2 was… More >

  • Open Access


    An Efficient Breast Cancer Detection Framework for Medical Diagnosis Applications

    Naglaa F. Soliman1,2, Naglaa S. Ali2, Mahmoud I. Aly2,3, Abeer D. Algarni1,*, Walid El-Shafai4, Fathi E. Abd El-Samie1,4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.1, pp. 1315-1334, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.017001

    Abstract Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer, and it is the reason for cancer death toll in women in recent years. Early diagnosis is essential to handle breast cancer patients for treatment at the right time. Screening with mammography is the preferred examination for breast cancer, as it is available worldwide and inexpensive. Computer-Aided Detection (CAD) systems are used to analyze medical images to detect breast cancer, early. The death rate of cancer patients has decreased by detecting tumors early and having appropriate treatment after operations. Processing of mammogram images has four main steps: pre-processing, segmentation of the… More >

  • Open Access


    CNN-Based Forensic Method on Contrast Enhancement with JPEG Post-Processing

    Ziqing Yan1,2, Pengpeng Yang1,2, Rongrong Ni1,2,*, Yao Zhao1,2, Hairong Qi3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.3, pp. 3205-3216, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.020324

    Abstract As one of the most popular digital image manipulations, contrast enhancement (CE) is frequently applied to improve the visual quality of the forged images and conceal traces of forgery, therefore it can provide evidence of tampering when verifying the authenticity of digital images. Contrast enhancement forensics techniques have always drawn significant attention for image forensics community, although most approaches have obtained effective detection results, existing CE forensic methods exhibit poor performance when detecting enhanced images stored in the JPEG format. The detection of forgery on contrast adjustments in the presence of JPEG post processing is still a challenging task. In… More >

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