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  • Open Access


    Performance Analysis of Plant Shells/PVC Composites under Corrosion and Aging Conditions

    Haoping Yao1, Xinyu Zhong2, Chunxia He1,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.12, No.5, pp. 993-1006, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2024.047758

    Abstract To make full use of plant shell fibers (rice husk, walnut shell, chestnut shell), three kinds of wood-plastic composites of plant shell fibers and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) were prepared. X-ray diffraction analysis was carried out on three kinds of plant shell fibers to test their crystallinity. The aging process of the composites was conducted under 2 different conditions. One was artificial seawater immersion and xenon lamp irradiation, and the other one was deionized water spray and xenon lamp irradiation. The mechanical properties (tensile strength, flexural strength, impact strength), changes in color, water absorption, Fourier transform… More >

  • Open Access


    Optimizing Hybrid Fibre-Reinforced Polymer Bars Design: A Machine Learning Approach

    Aneel Manan1, Pu Zhang1,*, Shoaib Ahmad2, Jawad Ahmad2

    Journal of Polymer Materials, Vol.41, No.1, pp. 15-44, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jpm.2024.053859

    Abstract Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) bars are gaining popularity as an alternative to steel reinforcement due to their advantages such as corrosion resistance and high strength-to-weight ratio. However, FRP has a lower modulus of elasticity compared to steel. Therefore, special attention is required in structural design to address deflection related issues and ensure ductile failure. This research explores the use of machine learning algorithms such as gene expression programming (GEP) to develop a simple and effective equation for predicting the elastic modulus of hybrid fiber-reinforced polymer (HFPR) bars. A comprehensive database of 125 experimental results of HFPR… More >

  • Open Access


    New Problems of Boiler Corrosion after Coupling Combustion of Coal and Biomass and Anti-Corrosion Technologies

    Lei Wang1, Ziran Ma1,*, Chunlin Zhao1, Jiali Zhou1, Hongyan Wang1, Ge Li1, Ningling Zhou2

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.12, No.4, pp. 799-814, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2024.047343

    Abstract This study explores the corrosion issues arising from the coupled combustion of coal and biomass and proposes potential solutions. Biomass, as a renewable energy source, offers advantages in energy-saving and carbon reduction. However, the corrosive effects of alkali metal compounds, sulfur (S) and chlorine (Cl) elements in the ash after combustion cannot be underestimated due to the high volatile content of biomass fuels. We investigate the corrosion mechanisms, as well as the transfer of Cl and alkali metal elements during this process. Comparative corrosion analyses are conducted among coal-fired boilers, pure biomass boilers and boilers… More >

  • Open Access


    Analyze the Performance of Electroactive Anticorrosion Coating of Medical Magnesium Alloy Using Deep Learning

    Yashan Feng1, Yafang Tian1, Yongxin Yang1, Yufang Zhang1, Haiwei Guo1, Jing’an Li2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 263-278, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047004

    Abstract Electroactive anticorrosion coatings are specialized surface treatments that prevent or minimize corrosion. The study employs strategic thermodynamic equilibrium calculations to pioneer a novel factor in corrosion protection. A first-time proposal, the total acidity (TA) potential of the hydrogen (pH) concept significantly shapes medical magnesium alloys. These coatings are meticulously designed for robust corrosion resistance, blending theoretical insights and practical applications to enhance our grasp of corrosion prevention mechanisms and establish a systematic approach to coating design. The groundbreaking significance of this study lies in its innovative integration of the TA/pH concept, which encompasses the TA/pH… More >

  • Open Access


    Improved Corrosion Resistance of Carbon Reinforced Aluminium Laminates in Atmospheric Environment: Role of Environment Friendly Jute Fibre/ Alumina nano Coating


    Journal of Polymer Materials, Vol.36, No.1, pp. 1-11, 2019, DOI:10.32381/JPM.2019.36.01.1

    Abstract In the Fibre Metal Laminate (FML), Carbon Reinforced Aluminium laminate (CARALL), aluminium is placed next to carbon fibres. The potential difference between the aluminium and carbon is larger, leads to galvanic corrosion, which tries to bring down the durability of the FML. To bring down the effect of corrosion, a material layer is introduced between fibres and aluminium so as to separate them thus lowering the possibility of occurrence of corrosion. Another approach is to coat the surfaces of aluminium with different proportions of aluminium oxide nano particles prior to fabrication of the FML. For More >

  • Open Access


    Numerical Analysis of Cold-Formed Thin-Walled Steel Short Columns with Pitting Corrosion during Bridge Construction

    Hongzhang Wang1, Jing Guo1, Shanjun Yang1, Chaoheng Cheng2, Jing Chen3,*, Zhihao Chen3

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.18, No.2, pp. 181-196, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2024.044628

    Abstract Pitting corrosion is harmful during bridge construction, which will lead to uneven roughness of steel surfaces and reduce the thickness of steel. Hence, the effect of pitting corrosion on the mechanical properties of cold-formed thin-walled steel stub columns is studied, and the empirical formulas are established through regression fitting to predict the ultimate load of web and flange under pitting corrosion. In detail, the failure modes and load-displacement curves of specimens with different locations, area ratios, and depths are obtained through a large number of non-linear finite element analysis. As for the specimens with pitting… More > Graphic Abstract

    Numerical Analysis of Cold-Formed Thin-Walled Steel Short Columns with Pitting Corrosion during Bridge Construction

  • Open Access


    Prediction on Failure Pressure of Pipeline Containing Corrosion Defects Based on ISSA-BPNN Model

    Qi Zhuang1,*, Dong Liu2, Zhuo Chen3

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.3, pp. 821-834, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.044054

    Abstract Oil and gas pipelines are affected by many factors, such as pipe wall thinning and pipeline rupture. Accurate prediction of failure pressure of oil and gas pipelines can provide technical support for pipeline safety management. Aiming at the shortcomings of the BP Neural Network (BPNN) model, such as low learning efficiency, sensitivity to initial weights, and easy falling into a local optimal state, an Improved Sparrow Search Algorithm (ISSA) is adopted to optimize the initial weights and thresholds of BPNN, and an ISSA-BPNN failure pressure prediction model for corroded pipelines is established. Taking 61 sets More >

  • Open Access


    Simulation of Corrosion-Induced Cracking of Reinforced Concrete Based on Fracture Phase Field Method

    Xiaozhou Xia1, Changsheng Qin1, Guangda Lu2, Xin Gu1,*, Qing Zhang1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.3, pp. 2257-2276, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.031238

    Abstract Accurate simulation of the cracking process caused by rust expansion of reinforced concrete (RC) structures plays an intuitive role in revealing the corrosion-induced failure mechanism. Considering the quasi-brittle fracture of concrete, the fracture phase field driven by the compressive-shear term is constructed and added to the traditional brittle fracture phase field model. The rationality of the proposed model is verified by a mixed fracture example under a shear displacement load. Then, the extended fracture phase model is applied to simulate the corrosion-induced cracking process of RC. The cracking patterns caused by non-uniform corrosion expansion are… More >

  • Open Access


    Quantitative Detection of Corrosion State of Concrete Internal Reinforcement Based on Metal Magnetic Memory

    Zhongguo Tang1, Haijin Zhuo1, Beian Li1, Xiaotao Ma2, Siyu Zhao2, Kai Tong2,*

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.17, No.5, pp. 407-431, 2023, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2023.026033

    Abstract Corrosion can be very harmful to the service life and several properties of reinforced concrete structures. The metal magnetic memory (MMM) method, as a newly developed spontaneous magnetic flux leakage (SMFL) non-destructive testing (NDT) technique, is considered a potentially viable method for detecting corrosion damage in reinforced concrete members. To this end, in this paper, the indoor electrochemical method was employed to accelerate the corrosion of outsourced concrete specimens with different steel bar diameters, and the normal components BBz and its gradient of the SMFL fields on the specimen surfaces were investigated based on the metal… More >

  • Open Access


    Peridynamic Investigation of Surface Stability in Stress-Assisted Corrosion

    Shuaiqi Fan1,*, Chenwen Tian2, Yunpeng Liu2, Ziguang Chen2

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.25, No.4, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09286

    Abstract The peridynamic stress-assisted corrosion model is used to study the stability of the corrosion front of metallic materials under tensile mechanical load. The results show that the solution diffusion trends to smooth the corrosion front, while stress corrosion roughens the corrosion front and leads to higher stress concentrations. Compared to the initial concave profile, the initial convex profile helps to reduce the stressassisted corrosion rate and reduces the role of stress in stress-assisted corrosion. The critical stress of stress-assisted corrosion is introduced in the research, below which the roughness of the corrosion front gradually decreases,… More >

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