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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    FUNDAMENTALS AND APPLICATIONS OF NEAR-FIELD RADIATIVE ENERGY TRANSFER

    Keunhan Parka,∗, Zhuomin Zhangb

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.4, No.1, pp. 1-26, 2013, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v4.1.3001

    Abstract This article reviews the recent advances in near-field radiative energy transfer, particularly in its fundamentals and applications. When the geometrical features of radiating objects or their separating distances fall into the sub-wavelength range, near-field phenomena such as photon tunneling and surface polaritons begin to play a key role in energy transfer. The resulting heat transfer rate can greatly exceed the blackbody radiation limit by several orders magnitude. This astonishing feature cannot be conveyed by the conventional theory of thermal radiation, generating strong demands in fundamental research that can address thermal radiation in the near field. Important breakthroughs of near-field thermal… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    COMBUSTION EFFICIENCY INSIDE CATALYTIC HONEYCOMB MONOLITH CHANNEL OF NATURAL GAS BURNER START-UP AND LOW CARBON ENERGY OF CATALYTIC COMBUSTION

    Shihong Zhang*,Zhihua Wang

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.4, No.2, pp. 1-6, 2013, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v4.2.3005

    Abstract This article discussed exhaust gas temperature and pollutant emissions characteristics of the combustion of rich natural gas-air mixtures in Pd metal based honeycomb monoliths burner during the period of start-up process. The burner needs to be ignited by gas phase combustion with the excessive air coefficient (a) at 1.3. The chemistry at work in the monoliths was then investigated using the stagnation point flow reactor or SPFR. The experimental results in catalytic monolith can be explained from SPFR. The exhaust gas temperature and pollutant emissions were measured by thermocouple K of diameter 0.5 and the analyser every 1 minute, respectively.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Assessing the Efficacy of Improved Learning in Hourly Global Irradiance Prediction

    Abdennasser Dahmani1, Yamina Ammi2, Nadjem Bailek3,4,*, Alban Kuriqi5,6, Nadhir Al-Ansari7,*, Salah Hanini2, Ilhami Colak8, Laith Abualigah9,10,11,12,13,14, El-Sayed M. El-kenawy15

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 2579-2594, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.040625

    Abstract Increasing global energy consumption has become an urgent problem as natural energy sources such as oil, gas, and uranium are rapidly running out. Research into renewable energy sources such as solar energy is being pursued to counter this. Solar energy is one of the most promising renewable energy sources, as it has the potential to meet the world’s energy needs indefinitely. This study aims to develop and evaluate artificial intelligence (AI) models for predicting hourly global irradiation. The hyperparameters were optimized using the Broyden-Fletcher-Goldfarb-Shanno (BFGS) quasi-Newton training algorithm and STATISTICA software. Data from two stations in Algeria with different climatic… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Addressing the Issues and Developments Correlated with Envisaged 5G Mobile Technologies: Comprehensive Solutions

    Idrees Sarhan Kocher*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 2205-2223, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.039392

    Abstract Fifth Generation (5G) communications are regarded as the cornerstone to household consumer experience improvements and smart manufacturing revolution from the standpoint of industries' objectives. It is anticipated that Envisaged 5G (E5G) mobile technology would be operational in certain developed countries by 2023. The Internet of Things (IoTs) will transform how humans live when combined with smart and integrated sensing devices, such as in-home sensing devices. Recent research is being carried out all over the world to produce a new technique that can be crucial in the success of the anticipated 5G mobile technology. High output, reduced latency, highly reliable, greater… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Heat Transfer Characteristics for Solar Energy Aspect on the Flow of Tangent Hyperbolic Hybrid Nanofluid over a Sensor Wedge and Stagnation Point Surface

    Asmaa Habib Alanzi, N. Ameer Ahammad*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.21, pp. 179-197, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2023.042009

    Abstract The conversion of solar radiation to thermal energy has recently attracted a lot of interest as the requirement for renewable heat and power grows. Due to their enhanced ability to promote heat transmission, nanofluids can significantly contribute to enhancing the efficiency of solar-thermal systems. This article focus solar energy aspect on the effects of the thermal radiation in the flow of a hyperbolic tangent nanofluid containing magnesium oxide (MgO) and silver (Ag) are the nanoparticle with the base fluid as kerosene through a wedge and stagnation. The system of hybrid nanofluid transport equations are transformed into ordinary differential systems using… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Heat and Humidity Transport Analysis Inside a Special Underground Building

    Jian Ai1, Jie Xue1,*, Jiabang Yu1,2, Xinyu Huang2, Pan Wei1,2, Xiaohu Yang2, Bengt Sundén3,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.21, pp. 47-63, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2023.045134

    Abstract The calculation of heat and humidity load serves as the cornerstone of Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) design. Nevertheless, as the heat and humidity load characteristics of underground structures differ substantially from those of above-ground structures, it is a challenge to derive their accurate calculation procedure through engineering experience. Therefore, it is particularly important to carry out quantitative research on heat and humidity load. This study used Design Builder software to study the influence of the design state point of air conditioning in underground buildings on energy consumption. The study showed that compared with the single design temperature of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Feasibility Study of Using Geothermal Energy to Enhance Natural Gas Production from Offshore Gas Hydrate Reservoirs by CO2 Swapping

    Md Nahin Mahmood*, Boyun Guo

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.12, pp. 2707-2720, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.042996

    Abstract The energy industry faces a significant challenge in extracting natural gas from offshore natural gas hydrate (NGH) reservoirs, primarily due to the low productivity of wells and the high operational costs involved. The present study offers an assessment of the feasibility of utilizing geothermal energy to augment the production of natural gas from offshore gas hydrate reservoirs through the implementation of the methane-CO2 swapping technique. The present study expands the research scope of the authors beyond their previous publication, which exclusively examined the generation of methane from marine gas hydrates. Specifically, the current investigation explores the feasibility of utilizing the… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Review of Black Start on New Power System Based on Energy Storage Technology

    Jin Fan1, Litao Niu2, Cuiping Li3, Gang Zhang2, He Li3, Yiming Wang3, Junhui Li3,*, Qinglong Song3, Jiacheng Sun3, Jianglong Pan4, Fangfang Lai4

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.12, pp. 2857-2878, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.029740

    Abstract With the continuous development of new energy generation technology and the increasingly complex power grid environment, the traditional black start scheme cannot meet the requirements of today’s power grid in order to ensure the stable operation of the power system can be restored quickly in the face of large power outages, so a more complete black start scheme needs to be developed to cope with the new power system. With the development of energy storage technology, the limitations of the traditional black-start scheme can be solved by new energy farms with energy storage configuration. Therefore, this paper investigates the problems… More > Graphic Abstract

    Review of Black Start on New Power System Based on Energy Storage Technology

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Modeling and Optimization of Solar Collector Design for the Improvement of Solar-Air Source Heat Pump Building Heating System

    Jiarui Wu1, Yuzhen Kang2, Junxiao Feng1,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.12, pp. 2783-2802, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.029358

    Abstract To enhance system stability, solar collectors have been integrated with air-source heat pumps. This integration facilitates the concurrent utilization of solar and air as energy sources for the system, leading to an improvement in the system's heat generation coefficient, overall efficiency, and stability. In this study, we focus on a residential building located in Lhasa as the target for heating purposes. Initially, we simulate and analyze a solar-air source heat pump combined heating system. Subsequently, while ensuring the system meets user requirements, we examine the influence of solar collector installation angles and collector area on the performance of the solar-air… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Emergency Energy Management of Microgrid in Industrial Park Based on Robust Optimization

    Haoliang Yang*, Yonggang Dong, Zhifang Yang

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.12, pp. 2917-2931, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.029167

    Abstract Reducing the impact of power outages and maintaining the power supply duration must be considered in implementing emergency energy dispatching in micro-networks. This paper studies a new emergency energy treatment method based on the robust optimal method and the industrial park micro-network with the optical energy storage system. After controlling the load input, a control strategy of adjusting and removing is proposed. Rolling optimal theory is applied to emergency energy scheduling based on a robust optimal mathematical model. A weighting factor is introduced into the optimal model to balance the importance of reducing and retaining the power supply. Uncertainty is… More >

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