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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Genome-Wide Analysis of the KANADI Gene Family and Its Expression Patterns under Different Nitrogen Concentrations Treatments in Populus trichocarpa

    Minghui Niu1,#, Heng Zhang1,#, Xiangyang Li1, Zhibao Hu1, Hongjiao Zhang2,3, Zhiru Xu2,3, Chunpu Qu1,4,*, Guanjun Liu1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.7, pp. 2001-2015, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.029350

    Abstract KANADI (KAN) is a plant-specific gene that controlled the polarity development of lateral organs. It mainly acted on the abaxial characteristics of plants to make the lateral organs asymmetrical. However, it had been less identified in woody plants. In this study, the members of the KAN gene family in Populus trichocarpa were identified and analyzed using the bioinformatics method. The results showed that a total of 8 KAN family members were screened out, and each member contained the unique GARP domain and conserved region of the family proteins. Phylogenetic analysis and their gene structures revealed that all KAN genes… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Identification and Characterization of ZF-HD Genes in Response to Abscisic Acid and Abiotic Stresses in Maize

    Xiaojie Jing1,2,3,#, Chunyan Li1,2,3,#, Chengjuan Luo1,2,3, Chaonan Yao1,2,3, Jiahao Zhang1,2,3, Tingting Zhu1,2,3, Jiuguang Wang1,2,3, Chaoxian Liu1,2,3,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.3, pp. 707-723, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.024338

    Abstract The zinc finger homeodomain (ZF-HD) genes belong to the homeobox gene family, playing critical roles in flower development and stress response. Despite their importance, however, to date there has been no genome-wide identification and characterization of the ZF-HD genes that are probably involved in stress responses in maize. In this study, 24 ZF-HD genes were identified, and their chromosomal locations, protein properties, duplication patterns, structures, conserved motifs and expression patterns were investigated. The results revealed that the ZF-HD genes are unevenly distributed on nine chromosomes and that most of these genes lack introns. Six and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Genome-Wide Identification, Evolution and Expression Analyses of GA2ox Gene Family in Brassica napus L.

    Yanhua Li1,#, Hualei Huang1,#, Youming Shi1, Shuqin Huang1, Tao Liu1, Changming Xiao1, Xiaoqing Tian2, Ping Zhao1, Xiaoyan Dai3, Taocui Huang1,*, Yan Zhou1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.3, pp. 815-835, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.023928

    Abstract Gibberellin 2-oxidases (GA2ox) are important enzymes that maintain the balance of bioactive GAs in plants. GA2ox genes have been identified and characterized in many plants, but these genes were not investigated in Brassica napus. Here, we identified 31 GA2ox genes in B. napus and 15 of these BnaGA2ox genes were distributed in the A and C subgenomes. Subcellular localization predictions suggested that all BnaGA2ox proteins were localized in the cytoplasm, and gene structure analysis showed that the BnaGA2ox genes contained 2–4 exons. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that BnGA2ox family proteins in monocotyledons and dicotyledons can be divided into four groups, including two… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Wheat Lysin-Motif-Containing Proteins Characterization and Gene Expression Patterns under Abiotic and Biotic Stress

    Minjie Liu*, Na Gao, Yaqiong Zhao, Yingpeng Wu, Zongying Yuan

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.11, pp. 2367-2382, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.021406

    Abstract Lysin motif (LysM)-containing proteins (LYPs) are important pattern recognition receptors in plants. However, the evolutionary history and characteristics of LYP genes remain largely unclear in wheat. In this study, 62 LYPs were identified at genome wide in wheat. Based on phylogenetic and domain analysis, wheat LYPs were classified into 6 subgroups (group LysMe, LysMn, LYP, LYK, LysMFbox). Syntenic analysis showed the evolution of LYP genes in wheat. RNA-seq data showed that 22 genes were not expressed at any tissue or stress stimulation period. Some LYP and LYK genes were tissue- or stage- specific. The majority of TaLYK5s, More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Genome-wide identification of U-box gene family and expression analysis under abiotic stresses in Salvia miltiorrhiza

    JIANMIN PAN1, XIN LI1, JUANJUAN LI1, HUI LIU2, ZHUONI HOU1, ZONGQI YANG1, LING XU1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.46, No.7, pp. 1751-1762, 2022, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2022.019455

    Abstract Plant U-box (PUB) E3 ubiquitin ligases play important roles in hormone signaling pathways and in response to different abiotic stresses, but little is known about U-box genes in Danshen (root of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge). Here, we identified and characterized 70 SmPUB genes based on its genome sequence. Phylogenetic analysis of U-box genes from S. miltiorrhiza and Arabidopsis suggested that they can be clustered into seven subgroups (I–VII). Typical U-box domains were found in all identified SmPUB genes through the analysis of conserved motifs. Moreover, qRT-PCR was applied to analyze the relative expression levels of U-box genes in S. miltiorrhiza roots and More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Genome-wide identification, characterization, and expression analysis of aluminum-activated malate transporter genes (ALMTs) in Gossypium hirsutum L.

    QUANWEI LU1,2,#, YUZHEN SHI2,#, RUILI CHEN1,2, XIANGHUI XIAO2,3, PENGTAO LI1,2, JUWU GONG2,3, RENHAI PENG1, YOULU YUAN2,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.46, No.5, pp. 1347-1356, 2022, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2022.018254

    Abstract Aluminum-activated malate transporters (ALMT) are widely involved in plant growth and metabolic processes, including adaptation to acid soils, guard cell regulation, anion homeostasis, and seed development. Although ALMT genes have been identified in Arabidopsis, wheat, barley, and Lotus japonicus, little is known about its presence in Gossypium hirsutum L. In this study, ALMT gene recognition in diploid and tetraploid cotton were done using bioinformatics analysis that examined correlation between homology and evolution. Differentially regulated ALMT genetic profile in G. hirsutum was examined, using RNA sequencing and qRT-PCR, during six fiber developmental time-points, namely 5 d, 7 d, 10 d, 15 d,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Identification of PtGai (a DELLA protein) in trifoliate orange and expression patterns in response to drought stress

    XIAOFEN CHENG1, ABEER HASHEM2,3, ELSAYED FATHI ABD_ALLAH4, QIANGSHENG WU1,5,*, KAMIL KUČA5,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.45, No.6, pp. 1687-1694, 2021, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2021.017581

    Abstract Gibberellins (GAs) are an important hormone in regulating plant growth and development, and DELLA protein is an essential negative regulator of GA signal transduction. The aim of the study was to clone a GA-inhibiting protein DELLA from trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata L. Raf.) and to analyze the bioinformations and expression patterns of the protein gene in tissues and in response to drought stress. A DELLA protein was isolated from trifoliate orange and named as PtGai (Genebank number: MZ170959). The PtGai protein had 1731 bp open reading frames, along with 576 amino acid codes, and also grouped with… More >

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