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  • Open Access


    Selective and Adaptive Incremental Transfer Learning with Multiple Datasets for Machine Fault Diagnosis

    Kwok Tai Chui1,*, Brij B. Gupta2,3,4,5,6,*, Varsha Arya7,8,9, Miguel Torres-Ruiz10

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 1363-1379, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046762

    Abstract The visions of Industry 4.0 and 5.0 have reinforced the industrial environment. They have also made artificial intelligence incorporated as a major facilitator. Diagnosing machine faults has become a solid foundation for automatically recognizing machine failure, and thus timely maintenance can ensure safe operations. Transfer learning is a promising solution that can enhance the machine fault diagnosis model by borrowing pre-trained knowledge from the source model and applying it to the target model, which typically involves two datasets. In response to the availability of multiple datasets, this paper proposes using selective and adaptive incremental transfer learning (SA-ITL), which fuses three… More >

  • Open Access


    Fault Diagnosis Method of Rolling Bearing Based on ESGMD-CC and AFSA-ELM

    Jiajie He1,2, Fuzheng Liu3, Xiangyi Geng3, Xifeng Liang1, Faye Zhang3,*, Mingshun Jiang3

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.18, No.1, pp. 37-54, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2023.029428

    Abstract Incomplete fault signal characteristics and ease of noise contamination are issues with the current rolling bearing early fault diagnostic methods, making it challenging to ensure the fault diagnosis accuracy and reliability. A novel approach integrating enhanced Symplectic geometry mode decomposition with cosine difference limitation and calculus operator (ESGMD-CC) and artificial fish swarm algorithm (AFSA) optimized extreme learning machine (ELM) is proposed in this paper to enhance the extraction capability of fault features and thus improve the accuracy of fault diagnosis. Firstly, SGMD decomposes the raw vibration signal into multiple Symplectic geometry components (SGCs). Secondly, the iterations are reset by the… More >

  • Open Access


    Bearing Fault Diagnosis with DDCNN Based on Intelligent Feature Fusion Strategy in Strong Noise

    Chaoqian He1,2, Runfang Hao1,2,*, Kun Yang1,2, Zhongyun Yuan1,2, Shengbo Sang1,2, Xiaorui Wang1,2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.3, pp. 3423-3442, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.045718

    Abstract Intelligent fault diagnosis in modern mechanical equipment maintenance is increasingly adopting deep learning technology. However, conventional bearing fault diagnosis models often suffer from low accuracy and unstable performance in noisy environments due to their reliance on a single input data. Therefore, this paper proposes a dual-channel convolutional neural network (DDCNN) model that leverages dual data inputs. The DDCNN model introduces two key improvements. Firstly, one of the channels substitutes its convolution with a larger kernel, simplifying the structure while addressing the lack of global information and shallow features. Secondly, the feature layer combines data from different sensors based on their… More >

  • Open Access


    Optical Fibre Communication Feature Analysis and Small Sample Fault Diagnosis Based on VMD-FE and Fuzzy Clustering

    Xiangqun Li1,*, Jiawen Liang2, Jinyu Zhu2, Shengping Shi2, Fangyu Ding2, Jianpeng Sun2, Bo Liu2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.1, pp. 203-219, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.029295

    Abstract To solve the problems of a few optical fibre line fault samples and the inefficiency of manual communication optical fibre fault diagnosis, this paper proposes a communication optical fibre fault diagnosis model based on variational modal decomposition (VMD), fuzzy entropy (FE) and fuzzy clustering (FC). Firstly, based on the OTDR curve data collected in the field, VMD is used to extract the different modal components (IMF) of the original signal and calculate the fuzzy entropy (FE) values of different components to characterize the subtle differences between them. The fuzzy entropy of each curve is used as the feature vector, which… More >

  • Open Access


    Bearing Fault Diagnosis Based on Deep Discriminative Adversarial Domain Adaptation Neural Networks

    Jinxi Guo1, Kai Chen1,2, Jiehui Liu1, Yuhao Ma2, Jie Wu2,*, Yaochun Wu2, Xiaofeng Xue3, Jianshen Li1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.3, pp. 2619-2640, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.031360

    Abstract Intelligent diagnosis driven by big data for mechanical fault is an important means to ensure the safe operation of equipment. In these methods, deep learning-based machinery fault diagnosis approaches have received increasing attention and achieved some results. It might lead to insufficient performance for using transfer learning alone and cause misclassification of target samples for domain bias when building deep models to learn domain-invariant features. To address the above problems, a deep discriminative adversarial domain adaptation neural network for the bearing fault diagnosis model is proposed (DDADAN). In this method, the raw vibration data are firstly converted into frequency domain… More >

  • Open Access


    Fault Identification for Shear-Type Structures Using Low-Frequency Vibration Modes

    Cuihong Li1, Qiuwei Yang2,3,*, Xi Peng2,3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.3, pp. 2769-2791, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.030908

    Abstract Shear-type structures are common structural forms in industrial and civil buildings, such as concrete and steel frame structures. Fault diagnosis of shear-type structures is an important topic to ensure the normal use of structures. The main drawback of existing damage assessment methods is that they require accurate structural finite element models for damage assessment. However, for many shear-type structures, it is difficult to obtain accurate FEM. In order to avoid finite element modeling, a model-free method for diagnosing shear structure defects is developed in this paper. This method only needs to measure a few low-order vibration modes of the structure.… More >

  • Open Access


    Visualization for Explanation of Deep Learning-Based Fault Diagnosis Model Using Class Activation Map

    Youming Guo, Qinmu Wu*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 1489-1514, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042313

    Abstract Permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) is widely used in various production processes because of its high efficiency, fast reaction time, and high power density. With the continuous promotion of new energy vehicles, timely detection of PMSM faults can significantly reduce the accident rate of new energy vehicles, further enhance consumers’ trust in their safety, and thus promote their popularity. Existing fault diagnosis methods based on deep learning can only distinguish different PMSM faults and cannot interpret and analyze them. Convolutional neural networks (CNN) show remarkable accuracy in image data analysis. However, due to the “black box” problem in deep learning… More >

  • Open Access


    Expert Experience and Data-Driven Based Hybrid Fault Diagnosis for High-Speed Wire Rod Finishing Mills

    Cunsong Wang1, Ningze Tang1, Quanling Zhang1,*, Lixin Gao2, Haichen Yin3, Hao Peng4

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.2, pp. 1827-1847, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.030970

    Abstract The reliable operation of high-speed wire rod finishing mills is crucial in the steel production enterprise. As complex system-level equipment, it is difficult for high-speed wire rod finishing mills to realize fault location and real-time monitoring. To solve the above problems, an expert experience and data-driven-based hybrid fault diagnosis method for high-speed wire rod finishing mills is proposed in this paper. First, based on its mechanical structure, time and frequency domain analysis are improved in fault feature extraction. The approach of combining virtual value, peak value with kurtosis value index, is adopted in time domain analysis. Speed adjustment and side… More >

  • Open Access


    Two-Stage Edge-Side Fault Diagnosis Method Based on Double Knowledge Distillation

    Yang Yang1, Yuhan Long1, Yijing Lin2, Zhipeng Gao1, Lanlan Rui1, Peng Yu1,3,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.3, pp. 3623-3651, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.040250

    Abstract With the rapid development of the Internet of Things (IoT), the automation of edge-side equipment has emerged as a significant trend. The existing fault diagnosis methods have the characteristics of heavy computing and storage load, and most of them have computational redundancy, which is not suitable for deployment on edge devices with limited resources and capabilities. This paper proposes a novel two-stage edge-side fault diagnosis method based on double knowledge distillation. First, we offer a clustering-based self-knowledge distillation approach (Cluster KD), which takes the mean value of the sample diagnosis results, clusters them, and takes the clustering results as the… More >

  • Open Access


    Integrated Generative Adversarial Network and XGBoost for Anomaly Processing of Massive Data Flow in Dispatch Automation Systems

    Wenlu Ji1, Yingqi Liao1,*, Liudong Zhang2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.3, pp. 2825-2848, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.039618

    Abstract Existing power anomaly detection is mainly based on a pattern matching algorithm. However, this method requires a lot of manual work, is time-consuming, and cannot detect unknown anomalies. Moreover, a large amount of labeled anomaly data is required in machine learning-based anomaly detection. Therefore, this paper proposes the application of a generative adversarial network (GAN) to massive data stream anomaly identification, diagnosis, and prediction in power dispatching automation systems. Firstly, to address the problem of the small amount of anomaly data, a GAN is used to obtain reliable labeled datasets for fault diagnosis model training based on a few labeled… More >

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