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  • Open Access


    Simulation of Fracture Process of Lightweight Aggregate Concrete Based on Digital Image Processing Technology

    Safwan Al-sayed, Xi Wang, Yijiang Peng*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.3, pp. 4169-4195, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048916

    Abstract The mechanical properties and failure mechanism of lightweight aggregate concrete (LWAC) is a hot topic in the engineering field, and the relationship between its microstructure and macroscopic mechanical properties is also a frontier research topic in the academic field. In this study, the image processing technology is used to establish a micro-structure model of lightweight aggregate concrete. Through the information extraction and processing of the section image of actual light aggregate concrete specimens, the mesostructural model of light aggregate concrete with real aggregate characteristics is established. The numerical simulation of uniaxial tensile test, uniaxial compression… More >

  • Open Access


    Investigation of FRP and SFRC Technologies for Efficient Tunnel Reinforcement Using the Cohesive Zone Model

    Gang Niu1,2, Zhaoyang Jin2, Wei Zhang3,*, Yiqun Huang3

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.18, No.2, pp. 161-179, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2023.044580

    Abstract Amid urbanization and the continuous expansion of transportation networks, the necessity for tunnel construction and maintenance has become paramount. Addressing this need requires the investigation of efficient, economical, and robust tunnel reinforcement techniques. This paper explores fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) and steel fiber reinforced concrete (SFRC) technologies, which have emerged as viable solutions for enhancing tunnel structures. FRP is celebrated for its lightweight and high-strength attributes, effectively augmenting load-bearing capacity and seismic resistance, while SFRC’s notable crack resistance and longevity potentially enhance the performance of tunnel segments. Nonetheless, current research predominantly focuses on experimental analysis,… More > Graphic Abstract

    Investigation of FRP and SFRC Technologies for Efficient Tunnel Reinforcement Using the Cohesive Zone Model

  • Open Access


    Peridynamic Modeling and Simulation of Fracture Process in Fiber-Reinforced Concrete

    Zhuang Chen1, Xihua Chu1,2,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.1, pp. 241-272, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.015120

    Abstract In this study, a peridynamic fiber-reinforced concrete model is developed based on the bond-based peridynamic model with rotation effect (BBPDR). The fibers are modelled by a semi-discrete method and distributed with random locations and angles in the concrete specimen, since the fiber content is low, and its scale is smaller than the concrete matrix. The interactions between fibers and concrete matrix are investigated by the improvement of the bond’s strength and stiffness. Also, the frictional effect between the fibers and the concrete matrix is considered, which is divided into static friction and slip friction. To More >

  • Open Access


    Impacts of Disk Rock Sample Geometric Dimensions on Shear Fracture Behavior in a Punch Shear Test

    Tantan Zhu*, Yao Li

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.126, No.2, pp. 457-477, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.014284

    Abstract Punch shear tests have been widely used to determine rock shear mechanical properties but without a standard sample geometric dimension suggestion. To investigate the impacts of sample geometric dimensions on shear behaviors in a punch shear test, simulations using Particle Flow Code were carried out. The effects of three geometric dimensions (i.e., disk diameter, ratio of shear surface diameter to disk diameter, and ratio of disk height to shear surface diameter) were discussed. Variations of shear strength, shear stiffness, and shear dilatancy angles were studied, and the fracture processes and patterns of samples were investigated.… More >

  • Open Access


    Research on in situ observation of fracture process of fiber/epoxy composites

    Luobin Wang, Feng Xu*, Xiaofang Hu, Hongyan Qu, Hong Miao, Zhong Zhang

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.18, No.2, pp. 55-56, 2011, DOI:10.3970/icces.2011.018.055

    Abstract Recent studies have indicated that mechanical performance of the short fiber-reinforced polymers composites not only depends on matrix type, fiber type, fiber weight fraction, fiber orientation, fiber dispersion etc. but fiber-matrix interface and matrix morphology are also of paramount importance. Many scholars have studied on effects of matrix and interface modification on the mechanical behavior of short carbon fiber reinforced epoxy composite. However, there is little work focused on the in situ observation of fracture process of fiber/epoxy composites. And it is difficult to know about crack and crack propagation in the sample without direct More >

  • Open Access


    Microscopic Model Containing Micro-Voids for Analysis of Cement Mortar Damage Fracture Process

    Jichang Wang, Xiaoming Guo*, Xiaoxiao Sun

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.21, No.4, pp. 79-79, 2019, DOI:10.32604/icces.2019.05248

    Abstract Cement mortar is an important component of many composite materials and one of the most widely used materials in engineering construction. At microscopic level, cement mortar can be regarded as a multiphase material composed of fine aggregates, cement paste, and a great many of initial defects, the form of which are micro-cracks and micro-voids. The macroscopic properties of cement mortar will be influenced by mechanical properties of different constituents and complex internal structures. The microscopic model containing micro-voids is established by the method of secondary development. The process of cement mortar damage fracture is studied.… More >

  • Open Access


    Fracture behavior of plain concrete beams -- experimental verification of one parameter model

    B.K.Raghu Prasad1, Rabindra Kumar Saha1, A.R.Gopalakrishnan1

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.14, No.3, pp. 65-84, 2010, DOI:10.3970/icces.2010.014.065

    Abstract Several different models have been proposed to characterize mode-I crack propagation in concrete. The fictitious crack model proposed by Hillerborg et al. and the blunt crack band theory developed by Bazant & Oh are particularly well suited for a finite element analysis. The two-parameter fracture model proposed by Jenq & Shah is found to be applicable only for beams with s/w=4, where s=span & w=depth of the beam. The general applicability of the model for other testing configurations is not published. In the present study an experimental verification of a one-parameter model based on fundamental… More >

  • Open Access


    Numerical Simulation of Ductile Fracture Process including Shear-Lip Fracture

    M. Kikuchi1, S. Sannoumaru2

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.1, No.3, pp. 99-104, 2007, DOI:10.3970/icces.2007.001.099

    Abstract Thickness effect is studied experimentally. At free surface of the specimen, shear lip fracture pattern appears, though dimple fracture pattern is observed inside of the specimen. The area of shear-lip fracture changes due to the change of the specimen thickness. In this study, experimental study is conducted by changing specimen thicknesses. Fracture surfaces are precisely observed using SEM, and dimple patterns on them are observed. At the free surface, very narrow no-void area is observed. By using FRASTA technique, dimple fracture process is simulated. It is found that shear-lip fracture appears after dimple fracture process. More >

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