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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Study of Frictional Property of the Human Fingertip Using Three-Dimensional Finite Element Analysis

    Hiroaki Yoshida, Mitsunori Tada, Masaaki Mochimaru

    Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics, Vol.8, No.1, pp. 61-72, 2011, DOI:10.3970/mcb.2011.008.061

    Abstract Since the tactile perception detects skin deformation due to the contact of an object, it is important to understand contact mechanics, especially, frictional behavior of the human fingertip. The coefficient of friction is recently modeled as a function of the applied normal load in which case the traditional Coulomb's law does not provide a description for the skin surface. When a surface is a rubber-like material, the frictional behavior follows the frictional law of the rubber-like material. Therefore, we developed a three-dimensional Finite Element model of the fingertip and analyzed frictional behavior based on the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Investigation in the Effects of Configuration Parameters on the Thermal Behavior of Novel Conical Friction Plate in Continuously Sliding Condition

    Yanzhong Wang1, Xiangyu Wu1,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.56, No.3, pp. 353-363, 2018, DOI: 10.3970/cmc.2018.03714

    Abstract To investigate the effects of configuration parameters and operation condition on the thermal behavior of novel conical friction plate, a three-dimensional finite element model of conical friction plate is established for numerical simulation. The conical surface configuration and friction heat generation of novel conical friction surfaces are discussed. The results indicate that the thermal behavior of the conical friction plate during continuously sliding period is influenced by the conical surface configuration. Maximum temperature occurs in the conical friction plate with cone angle of 24°. The maximum temperature value of friction plate is increased 7.4°C, when More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Rotational Friction Damper’s Performance for Controlling Seismic Response of High Speed Railway Bridge-Track System

    Wei Guo1,2, Chen Zeng1,2, Hongye Gou3,*, Yao Hu1,2, Hengchao Xu4, Longlong Guo1,2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.120, No.3, pp. 491-515, 2019, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2019.06162

    Abstract CRTS-II slab ballastless track on bridge is a unique system in China high speed railway. The application of longitudinal continuous track system has obviously changed dynamic characteristics of bridge structure. The bridge system and CRTS-II track system form a complex nonlinear system. To investigate the seismic response of high speed railway (HSR) simply supported bridge-track system, nonlinear models of three-span simply supported bridge with piers of different height and CRTS-II slab ballastless track system are established. By seismic analysis, it is found that shear alveolar in CRTS-II track system is more prone to be damaged… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Modelling of Landslides: An SPH Approach

    M. Pastor1, T. Blanc1, V. Drempetic1 , P. Dutto1 , M. Martín Stickle1, A.Yagüe1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.109-110, No.2, pp. 183-220, 2015, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2015.109.183

    Abstract This paper presents a model (mathematical, rheological and numerical) for triggering and propagation of landslides presenting coupling between the solid skeleton and the pore fluid. The model consists of two sub models, a depth integrated model incorporating the propagation equations, and a 1D model describing pore pressure evolution. The depth integrated sub model is discretized using a set of SPH nodes, each one having an associated finite difference mesh for discretizing the pore pressure evolution. The model we propose differs from other depth integrated models with coupled pore pressures proposed in the past in the More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Friction and Wear Modelling in Fiber-Reinforced Composites

    L. Rodríguez-Tembleque1, M.H. Aliabadi2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.102, No.3, pp. 183-210, 2014, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2014.102.183

    Abstract This work presents new contact constitutive laws for friction and wear modelling in fiber-reinforced plastics (FRP). These laws are incorporated to a numerical methodology which allows us to solve the contact problem taking into account the anisotropic tribological properties on the interfaces. This formulation uses the Boundary Element Method for computing the elastic influence coefficients. Furthermore, the formulation considers micromechanical models for FRP that also makes it possible to take into account the fiber orientation relative to the sliding direction, the fiber volume fraction, the aspect ratio of fibers, or the fiber arrangement. The proposed More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Study of Polymer Composites in Contact

    L. Rodríguez-Tembleque1, A. Sáez1, F.C. Buroni1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.96, No.2, pp. 131-158, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2013.096.131

    Abstract A boundary element based formulation is applied to study numerically the tribological behavior of fiber-reinforced plastics (FRP) under different frictional contact conditions, taking into account the micromechanics of FRP. Micromechanical models presented consider continuous and short fiber reinforced plastics configurations. The Boundary Element Method (BEM) with an explicit approach for fundamental solutions evaluation is considered for computing the elastic influence coefficients. Signorini’s contact conditions and an orthotropic law of friction on the potential contact zone are enforced by contact operators over the augmented Lagrangian. The proposed methodology is applied to study carbon FRP under frictional More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    On the Continuum Modeling of the Tire/Road Dynamic Contact

    Dan Dumitriu1, Ligia Munteanu1, Cornel Brişan2, Veturia Chiroiu1, Rǎzvan-Vlad Vasiu2, Octavian Melinte1, Victor Vlǎdǎreanu1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.94, No.2, pp. 159-173, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2013.094.159

    Abstract The continuum modeling of tire/road vibro-contact dynamics is developed in this paper by assuming continuum relationship between the contact force and the deformation. An important aspect of this model is that the damping depends on the indentation. In the continuum approach, no difference is made between impact and contact, and the friction law can be other than the Coulomb’s law. Since the road is rocky, a bristle model was chosen to take into account the effect of the road irregularities. The identification of the contact domain is performed by checking the minimum distance between bodies. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    On Improving the Accuracy of Prediction of the Down-hole Drag & Torque in Extended Reach Drilling (ERD)

    Deli Gao1,2, Lianzhong Sun1,3, Hongshu Wei4, Shunwen Wang4

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.89, No.2, pp. 143-162, 2012, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2012.089.143

    Abstract Due to the complexity of forces acting on the down-hole tubular strings in extended reach drilling (ERD), the factors which influence the process should be taken into account as much as possible, in order to predict the down-hole drag & torque more accurately. This can help us to identify and prevent the problems related to downhole drag & torque in ERD. The effects of such factors, as the tubular buckling, the buoyancy, the mechanical resistance and the friction reducer, on down-hole drag & torque, are taken into account in this paper, in order to improve… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Anisotropic Fretting Wear Simulation Using the Boundary Element Method

    L. Rodríguez-Tembleque1, R. Abascal1, M.H. Aliabadi2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.87, No.2, pp. 127-156, 2012, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2012.087.127

    Abstract A boundary element based formulation is proposed to simulate 3D fretting wear under gross-sliding and partial slip conditions, assuming anisotropic friction and wear laws. Contact problem is based on an Augmented Lagrangian formulation, and restrictions fulfilment is established by a set of projection functions. The boundary element method reveals to be a very suitable numerical method for this kind of problems, where the degrees of freedom involved are those on the solids surfaces, and a very good approximation on contact tractions is obtained with a low number of elements. The present boundary element anisotropic fretting More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A New Algorithm for the Thermo-Mechanical Coupled Frictional Contact Problem of Polycrystalline Aggregates Based on Plastic Slip Theory

    Yun Chen1, Junzhi Cui2, Yufeng Nie1, Yiqiang Li1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.76, No.3&4, pp. 189-206, 2011, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2011.076.189

    Abstract This paper presents a new numerical algorithm for thermal-mechanical coupled analysis of polycrystalline aggregates based on the plastic slip theory inside crystals and the frictional contact on their interfaces. It involves the mechanics and heat conduction behaviors caused by both force loads and temperature changing within crystal and contact interfaces between crystals. Firstly, the constitutive relationship inside single crystal, and the moment equations and energy equations are derived by means of rate-dependent plastic deformation theory and the formulation of elastic-plastic tangent modulus depended on temperature. Secondly, the contact conditions with friction, including frictional heat generation… More >

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