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  • Open Access


    Morphological Characterization of Brazil Nut Tree (Bertholletia excelsa) Fruit Pericarp

    Gustavo P. Petrechen1,4,*, Marcos Arduin3, José D. Ambrósio1,2

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.7, pp. 683-692, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.04588

    Abstract This article presents the overall morphological structure of the Brazil nut tree (Bertholletia excelsa) fruit pericarp, from macro to nano scale. The acquired knowledge would be used for the development of new applications, like using the materials as fillers for biocomposites, or as a hierarchical architecture model for biomimetics. This research was performed using stereo and light microscopy and conventional and force field emission scanning electron microscopy. The pericarp presents three layers: the exocarp, a dark gray, brittle and fragile outer layer; the mesocarp, a beige, dry, rigid, impermeable and fibrous intermediate layer; and the endocarp, an inner layer with… More >

  • Open Access


    Oxypropylation of Brazilian Pine-Fruit Shell Evaluated by Principal Component Analysis

    Stephany C. de Rezende1,2, João A. Pinto1,3, Isabel P. Fernandes1,3, Fernanda V. Leimann1,2* and Maria-Filomena Barreiro1,3*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.6, No.7, pp. 715-723, 2018, DOI:10.32604/JRM.2018.00028

    Abstract Pine-fruit shell (PFS) is a lignocellulosic residue derived from the fruit of Araucaria angustifolia, a coniferous tree native of South America, part of a whole vegetation of the Atlantic Forest, found in the South and Southwest of Brazil. In this work PFS will be characterized and used in the production of PFS-based polyols through oxypropylation. Three series were chosen (PFS/propylene oxide (PO) (w/v, g/mL) of 30/70, 20/80 and 10/90) with four catalyst levels (5%, 10%, 15% and 20%, (w/w, PFS based)). Oxypropylation occurred at moderate conditions of temperature, pressure and time giving rise to liquid polyols with a homopolymer content… More >

  • Open Access


    Modelling Fruit Microstructure Using Novel Ellipse Tessellation Algorithm

    H.K. Mebatsion1, P. Verboven1, Q. T. Ho1, F. Mendoza1, B. E. Verlinden2, T. A. Nguyen1, B. M. Nicolaï1,2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.14, No.1, pp. 1-14, 2006, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2006.014.001

    Abstract Modeling plant microstructure is of great interest to food engineers to study and explain material properties related to mass transfer and mechanical deformation. In this paper, a novel ellipse tessellation algorithm to generate a 2D geometrical model of apple tissue is presented. Ellipses were used to quantify the orientation and aspect ratio of cells on a microscopic image. The cell areas and centroids of each cell were also determined by means of a numerical procedure. These characteristic quantities were then described by means of probability density functions. The model tissue geometry was generated from the ellipses, which were truncated when… More >

  • Open Access


    Modeling 3D Fruit Tissue Microstructure Using a Novel Ellipsoid Tessellation Algorithm

    H.K. Mebatsion1,2, P. Verboven1, P. T. Jancsók1, Q.T. Ho1, B.E. Verlinden3, B.M. Nicolaï1,3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.29, No.3, pp. 137-150, 2008, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2008.029.137

    Abstract Transport processes of gas and moisture are among the most important physiological processes in plant tissue. Microscale transport models based on Navier-Stokes equations provide insight into such processes at the microscopic scale. Due to microscopic complexity, numerical solutions based on the finite element or finite volume methods are mandatory. Therefore, a 3D geometric model of the tissue is essential. In this article, a novel algorithm for geometric reconstruction of 2D slices of synchrotron tomographic images is presented. The boundaries of 2D cells on individual slices were digitized to establish a set of boundary coordinates and the slice index of individual… More >

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