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  • Open Access


    Differential Expression of Genes Related to Fruit Development and Capsaicinoids Synthesis in Habanero Pepper Plants Grown in Contrasting Soil Types

    Eduardo Burgos-Valencia1,#, Federico García-Laynes1,#, Ileana Echevarría-Machado1, Fatima Medina-Lara1, Miriam Monforte-González1, José Narváez-Zapata2,*, Manuel Martínez-Estévez1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.2, pp. 151-183, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.046943

    Abstract Habanero pepper (Capsicum chinense Jacq.) is a crop of economic relevance in the Peninsula of Yucatan. Its fruits have a high level of capsaicinoids compared to peppers grown in other regions of the world, which gives them industrial importance. Soil is an important factor that affects pepper development, nutritional quality, and capsaicinoid content. However, the effect of soil type on fruit development and capsaicinoid metabolism has been little understood. This work aimed to compare the effect of soils with contrasting characteristics, black soil (BS) and red soil (RS), on the expression of genes related to the development of fruits, and… More >

  • Open Access


    Deep Learning-Based Classification of Rotten Fruits and Identification of Shelf Life

    S. Sofana Reka1, Ankita Bagelikar2, Prakash Venugopal2,*, V. Ravi2, Harimurugan Devarajan3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 781-794, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.043369

    Abstract The freshness of fruits is considered to be one of the essential characteristics for consumers in determining their quality, flavor and nutritional value. The primary need for identifying rotten fruits is to ensure that only fresh and high-quality fruits are sold to consumers. The impact of rotten fruits can foster harmful bacteria, molds and other microorganisms that can cause food poisoning and other illnesses to the consumers. The overall purpose of the study is to classify rotten fruits, which can affect the taste, texture, and appearance of other fresh fruits, thereby reducing their shelf life. The agriculture and food industries… More >

  • Open Access


    Ellagic Acid Enhances Antioxidant System Activity and Maintains the Quality of Strawberry Fruit during Storage

    Jian Chen1, Jing Zhang2, Gang Pan3, Dandan Huang1,*, Shuhua Zhu1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.1, pp. 15-28, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.045621

    Abstract Ellagic acid (EA) is a natural antioxidant, widely present in a lot of forms’ soft fruits, nuts, and other plant tissues, and helpful for promoting human health; however, its protective effect on postharvest fruit and improving the quality index of postharvest fruit have rarely been studied. In this experiment, the strawberries were soaked in 0, 100, 200, 300, 400, and 500 mg L−1 EA, respectively, and the influential EA on fruit quality and the antioxidant system of strawberries were studied. Compared with the control, EA treatment can reduce the browning degree and rotting rate of strawberry fruit during storage and… More >

  • Open Access


    Effect of Shoot Control on Flower Bud Differentiation, Flowering, and Fruit Setting in Zanthoxylum armatum DC.

    Xiandang Shen1,2,3, Runxi He2,3, Xin Li3, Zhuogong Shi2,3,*, Jinfang Meng2,3,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.12, pp. 3251-3266, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.042735

    Abstract In this study, newly sprouted shoots of Zanthoxylum armatum (Z. armatum), which were collected after the harvesting period, were used as the primary experimental specimens. A randomized block design and paraffin sectioning method were used to investigate the flower bud differentiation process and the quantity and vitality of buds. Furthermore, the study examined the response of flowering and fruiting to cultivation methods for shoot growth, including layering and plant growth regulator application. The results showed that (a) layering and application of plant growth regulators for Z. armatum accelerated the process of flower bud differentiation by approximately 20 days compared to… More >

  • Open Access


    Polyphenolic Compounds and Antioxidant Activity of Sea Buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.)

    Ain Raal1,*, Linda Rusalepp2, Tatiana Chiru3, Nicolae Ciobanu3, Kelly Talvistu1, Michelle Shusta1, Oleh Koshovyi1,4, Tõnu Püssa2

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.11, pp. 2965-2979, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.042723

    Abstract The fruits of the Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) are a popular plant food and a valuable health product. Cultivating plants produces a lot of leaves with fine branches as an unnecessary residue, which needs valorization. The aim of the study was to estimate (by HPLC-MS/MS) the qualitative and quantitative content of polyphenolic compounds in different parts of H. rhamnoides (HR), and to determine the level of antioxidant activity of leaves and fruits (by DPPH, ABTS methods and ferrozine test). Up to 19 compounds were identified in different parts of HR. The fruits are rich in flavonoids, including various glycosides… More >

  • Open Access


    Appraisal of Improvement in Physiological and Metabolic Processes by Exogenously Applied Natural and Synthetic Ascorbic Acid in Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) Fruit Subjected to Water Deficit Stress

    Muhammad Younis1, Nudrat Aisha Akram1,*, Arafat Abdel Hamed Abdel Latef2,*, Muhammad Ashraf3

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.10, pp. 2761-2784, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.028801

    Abstract To counteract the effects of drought stress, scientists have adopted several approaches including the use of different chemicals both inorganic and organic, which is contemplated as a highly efficient and cost-effective shot-gun approach. Ascorbic acid (AsA) is a potential organic substance, which widely occurs in plants, and is considered to be an effective antioxidant to counteract reactive oxygen species (ROS). Thus, a pot experiment was performed to assess the relative mitigating impacts of synthetic AsA and naturally occurring AsA in the form of lemon juice (LJ) and orange juice (OJ) on two cultivars of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) namely Sabz… More >

  • Open Access


    Artificial Humming Bird Optimization with Siamese Convolutional Neural Network Based Fruit Classification Model

    T. Satyanarayana Murthy1, Kollati Vijaya Kumar2, Fayadh Alenezi3, E. Laxmi Lydia4, Gi-Cheon Park5, Hyoung-Kyu Song6, Gyanendra Prasad Joshi7, Hyeonjoon Moon7,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 1633-1650, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.034769

    Abstract Fruit classification utilizing a deep convolutional neural network (CNN) is the most promising application in personal computer vision (CV). Profound learning-related characterization made it possible to recognize fruits from pictures. But, due to the similarity and complexity, fruit recognition becomes an issue for the stacked fruits on a weighing scale. Recently, Machine Learning (ML) methods have been used in fruit farming and agriculture and brought great convenience to human life. An automated system related to ML could perform the fruit classifier and sorting tasks previously managed by human experts. CNN’s (convolutional neural networks) have attained incredible outcomes in image classifiers… More >

  • Open Access


    Effects of Manganese on the Antioxidant System and Related Gene Expression Levels in the “Hong Yang” Kiwifruit Seedlings

    Chongpei Zheng1, Liangliang Li2, Zhencheng Han2, Weijie Li2,*, Xiaopeng Wen1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.8, pp. 2399-2412, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.029891


    To explore how manganese affects the antioxidant system and the expression levels of related genes of “Hong yang” seedlings, the leaves of its tissue cultured seedlings were taken as test materials, and single factor treatment was performed by changing the manganese chloride (MnCl2.4H2O) solution concentration when spraying the leaves. The expression levels of Mn-SOD, POD64 and POD27 genes in leaves were quantitatively analyzed by real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) at different determination times. Meanwhile, the contents of malondialdehyde (MDA), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), the activities of antioxidant enzymes, including catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD), and superoxide dismutase (SOD). The results showed… More >

  • Open Access


    Elicitation-Based Modulation of Shelf Life in Fruits: Physiological and Molecular Insights

    Ankita Kundu1, Abir Das1, Sayan Pal1, Arijit Ghosh1, Malay Kumar Adak1,*, Masayuki Fujita2, Mirza Hasanuzzaman3,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.8, pp. 2283-2300, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.028178

    Abstract The process of ripening involves physiological and biochemical events that become a concern during postharvest storage. We have documented different approaches for the preservation and maintenance of fruit quality during the postharvest period that are biocompatible and fully safe for consumption. Chemical residues that sustain sensory characteristics, such as color, flavor, aroma, and texture, are considered. In fruit ripening, both physical and chemical elicitors are described that regulate ethylene biosynthesis or its signaling for gene expression. The key regulatory enzymes, such as ACC synthase and ACC oxidase, for ethylene biosynthesis, are important for both climacteric and non-climacteric fruits. Anti-oxidizing genes… More >

  • Open Access



    Ida Bagus Alit, I Gede Bawa Susana*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.17, pp. 1-7, 2021, DOI:10.5098/hmt.17.15

    Abstract Rice husk is a cheap fuel source and it is abundantly available in Indonesia. The heat exchanger mechanism was used in other to, the dried material was not contaminated by the combustion gases. The drying system consists of three components which include the furnace, heat exchanger pipe, and drying chamber. The heat exchanger pipe connects the furnace with the drying chamber and transfers the heat generated from rice husk burning to the drying chamber. The drying chamber was the section for drying the jackfruit dodol. It consists of 4 shelves and is equipped with an exhaust fan. The results showed… More >

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