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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Synergizing Wind, Solar, and Biomass Power: Ranking Analysis of Off-Grid System for Different Weather Conditions of Iran

    Razieh Keshavarzi, Mehdi Jahangiri*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.6, pp. 1381-1401, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2024.050029

    Abstract Nowadays, the use of renewable energies, especially wind, solar, and biomass, is essential as an effective solution to address global environmental and economic challenges. Therefore, the current study examines the energy-economic-environmental analysis of off-grid electricity generation systems using solar panels, wind turbines, and biomass generators in various weather conditions in Iran. Simulations over 25 years were conducted using HOMER v2.81 software, aiming to determine the potential of each region and find the lowest cost of electricity production per kWh. In the end, to identify the most suitable location, the Technique for Order Preference by Similarity… More > Graphic Abstract

    Synergizing Wind, Solar, and Biomass Power: Ranking Analysis of Off-Grid System for Different Weather Conditions of Iran

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Experimental and Numerical Thermal Flow Analysis in a Solar Air Collector with Different Delta Wing Height Ratios

    Ghobad Shafiei Sabet1,*, Ali Sari1, Ahmad Fakhari2,*, Nasrin Afsarimanesh3, Dominic Organ4, Seyed Mehran Hoseini1

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.22, No.2, pp. 491-509, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2024.048290

    Abstract This study conducts both numerical and empirical assessments of thermal transfer and fluid flow characteristics in a Solar Air Collector (SAC) using a Delta Wing Vortex Generator (DWVG), and the effects of different height ratios (R = 0.6, 0.8, 1, 1.2 and 1.4) in delta wing vortex generators, which were not considered in the earlier studies, are investigated. Energy and exergy analyses are performed to gain maximum efficiency. The Reynolds number based on the outlet velocity and hydraulic diameter falls between 4400 and 22000, corresponding to the volume flow rate of 5.21–26.07 m/h. It is More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Novel Defender-Attacker-Defender Model for Resilient Distributed Generator Planning with Network Reconfiguration and Demand Response

    Wenlu Ji*, Teng Tu, Nan Ma

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.5, pp. 1223-1243, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2024.046112

    Abstract To improve the resilience of a distribution system against extreme weather, a fuel-based distributed generator (DG) allocation model is proposed in this study. In this model, the DGs are placed at the planning stage. When an extreme event occurs, the controllable generators form temporary microgrids (MGs) to restore the load maximally. Simultaneously, a demand response program (DRP) mitigates the imbalance between the power supply and demand during extreme events. To cope with the fault uncertainty, a robust optimization (RO) method is applied to reduce the long-term investment and short-term operation costs. The optimization is formulated More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Combined Optimal Dispatch of Thermal Power Generators and Energy Storage Considering Thermal Power Deep Peak Clipping and Wind Energy Emission Grading Punishment

    Junhui Li1, Xuanzhong Luo1,2, Changxing Ge3, Cuiping Li1,*, Changrong Wang4

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.4, pp. 869-893, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2024.029722

    Abstract Peak load and wind energy emission pressure rise more as wind energy penetration keeps growing, which affects the stabilization of the PS (power system). This paper suggests integrated optimal dispatching of thermal power generators and BESS (battery energy storage system) taking wind energy emission grading punishment and deep peak clipping into consideration. Firstly, in order to minimize wind abandonment, a hierarchical wind abandonment penalty strategy based on fuzzy control is designed and introduced, and the optimal grid-connected power of wind energy is determined as a result of minimizing the peak cutting cost of the system.… More > Graphic Abstract

    Combined Optimal Dispatch of Thermal Power Generators and Energy Storage Considering Thermal Power Deep Peak Clipping and Wind Energy Emission Grading Punishment

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF TURBULENT FLOW IN A RECTANGULAR CHANNEL WITH PERIODICALLY MOUNTED LONGITUDINAL VORTEX GENERATORS

    Pankaj Sahaa, Gautam Biswasa,b,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.2, No.3, pp. 1-5, 2011, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v2.3.3008

    Abstract Detailed flow structure in turbulent flows through a rectangular channel containing built-in winglet type vortex generators have been analyzed by means of solutions of the full Navier-Stokes equations using a Large-Eddy Simulation (LES) technique. The Reynolds number of investigation is 6000. The geometry of interest consists of a rectangular channel with a built-in winglet pair on the bottom wall with common-flow-down arrangement. The winglet pair induces streamwise longitudinal vortices behind it. The vortices swirl the flow around the axis parallel to the mainstream direction and disrupt the growth of thermal boundary layer entailing enhancement of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimizing Household Wastes (Rice, Vegetables, and Fruit) as an Environmentally Friendly Electricity Generator

    Deni Ainur Rokhim1,2, Isma Yanti Vitarisma1, Sumari Sumari1,*, Yudhi Utomo1, Muhammad Roy Asrori1

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.12, No.2, pp. 275-284, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.043419

    Abstract The high consumption of electricity and issues related to fossil energy have triggered an increase in energy prices and the scarcity of fossil resources. Consequently, many researchers are seeking alternative energy sources. One potential technology, the Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) based on rice, vegetable, and fruit wastes, can convert chemical energy into electrical energy. This study aims to determine the potency of rice, vegetable, and fruit waste assisted by Cu/Mg electrodes as a generator of electricity. The method used was a laboratory experiment, including the following steps: electrode preparation, waste sample preparation, incubation of the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Adaptive Control Strategy for Energy Storage Interface Converter Based on Analogous Virtual Synchronous Generator

    Feng Zhao, Jinshuo Zhang*, Xiaoqiang Chen, Ying Wang

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.2, pp. 339-358, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.043082

    Abstract In the DC microgrid, the lack of inertia and damping in power electronic converters results in poor stability of DC bus voltage and low inertia of the DC microgrid during fluctuations in load and photovoltaic power. To address this issue, the application of a virtual synchronous generator (VSG) in grid-connected inverters control is referenced and proposes a control strategy called the analogous virtual synchronous generator (AVSG) control strategy for the interface DC/DC converter of the battery in the microgrid. Besides, a flexible parameter adaptive control method is introduced to further enhance the inertial behavior of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimal Location and Sizing of Multi-Resource Distributed Generator Based on Multi-Objective Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm

    Qiangfei Cao1, Huilai Wang2, Zijia Hui1, Lingyun Chen2,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.2, pp. 499-521, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.042702

    Abstract Distribution generation (DG) technology based on a variety of renewable energy technologies has developed rapidly. A large number of multi-type DG are connected to the distribution network (DN), resulting in a decline in the stability of DN operation. It is urgent to find a method that can effectively connect multi-energy DG to DN. photovoltaic (PV), wind power generation (WPG), fuel cell (FC), and micro gas turbine (MGT) are considered in this paper. A multi-objective optimization model was established based on the life cycle cost (LCC) of DG, voltage quality, voltage fluctuation, system network loss, power… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Temporary Frequency Response Strategy Using a Voltage Source-Based Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator and Energy Storage Systems

    Baogang Chen1, Fenglin Miao2,*, Jing Yang1, Chen Qi2, Wenyan Ji1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.2, pp. 541-555, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.028327

    Abstract Energy storage systems (ESS) and permanent magnet synchronous generators (PMSG) are speculated to be able to exhibit frequency regulation capabilities by adding differential and proportional control loops with different control objectives. The available PMSG kinetic energy and charging/discharging capacities of the ESS were restricted. To improve the inertia response and frequency control capability, we propose a short-term frequency support strategy for the ESS and PMSG. To this end, the weights were embedded in the control loops to adjust the participation of the differential and proportional controls based on the system frequency excursion. The effectiveness of More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    3D NUMERICAL ANALYSIS ON FLOW CONFIGURATIONS AND HEAT TRANSFER CHARACTERISTICS FOR FIN-AND-OVAL-TUBE HEAT EXCHANGER WITH V-DOWNSTREAM DELTA WINGLET VORTEX GENERATORS

    Amnart Boonloia, Withada Jedasadaratanachaib,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.5, pp. 1-15, 2014, DOI:10.5098/hmt.5.19

    Abstract 3D numerical investigations for heat transfer characteristics and flow configurations in a fin–and-oval-tube heat exchanger with V-tip pointing downstream delta winglet pairs (DDWP) are examined. The DDWPs are placed on the fin surface with pointing downstream and the oval tube row number is set at three in a staggered arrangement. The flow attack angles (θ = 15°, 30°, 45° and 60°) and the distance from V-tip to the oval tube center in transverse axis (a = 3.77, 4.77 and 5.77 mm) are investigated for Reynolds number based on hydraulic diameter, Re = 500 – 2500. The numerical results… More >

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