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  • Open Access


    Sustainable Utilization of Agricultural Straw for Harmful Algal Blooms Control: A Review

    Kokoette Effiong1, Jing Hu1, Caicai Xu1, Tao Tang1, Haomin Huang2, Jiangning Zeng1,3, Xi Xiao1,3,4,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.8, No.5, pp. 461-483, 2020, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2020.09111

    Abstract The use of agricultural straw for algal bloom control has been studied for more than 30 years. In this article, we have reviewed the promising potentials of using agricultural straw as source of anti-algal agents, including the effectiveness of each major straw type so far used in this regard, and the investigated algal species. Various pre-treatment methods have also been widely reviewed. Signifi- cant progress has been made in natural product chemistry and molecular biology with regards to agricultural straw, especially in relation to the extraction of antialgal allelochemicals, degradation processes of agricultural straws and the mechanisms through which these… More >

  • Open Access


    Oxidative effects of the harmful algal blooms on primary organisms of the food web

    Joaquin Cabrera1,2, Paula Mariela González1,2, Susana Puntarulo1,2

    BIOCELL, Vol.43, No.2, pp. 41-50, 2019, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2019.06163

    Abstract Degraded water quality from nutrient pollution, physical, biological, and other chemical factors contributes to the development and persistence of many harmful algal blooms (HABs). The complex dynamics of the HABs is a challenge to marine ecosystems for the toxic effects reported. The consequences include fish, bird, and mammal mortality, respiratory or digestive tract problems, memory loss, seizures, lesions and skin irritation in many organisms. This review is intended to briefly summarize the recent reported information on harmful marine toxin deleterious effects over the primary organisms of the food web, namely algae, zooplankton and invertebrates. Special focus is made on oxidative… More >

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