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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Outage Analysis of Optimal UAV Cooperation with IRS via Energy Harvesting Enhancement Assisted Computational Offloading

    Baofeng Ji1,2,3,*, Ying Wang1,2,3, Weixing Wang1, Shahid Mumtaz4, Charalampos Tsimenidis4

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.2, pp. 1885-1905, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.030872

    Abstract The utilization of mobile edge computing (MEC) for unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) communication presents a viable solution for achieving high reliability and low latency communication. This study explores the potential of employing intelligent reflective surfaces (IRS) and UAVs as relay nodes to efficiently offload user computing tasks to the MEC server system model. Specifically, the user node accesses the primary user spectrum, while adhering to the constraint of satisfying the primary user peak interference power. Furthermore, the UAV acquires energy without interrupting the primary user’s regular communication by employing two energy harvesting schemes, namely time switching (TS) and power splitting… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Parameters Optimization and Performance Evaluation of the Tuned Inerter Damper for the Seismic Protection of Adjacent Building Structures

    Xiaofang Kang1,*, Jian Wu1, Xinqi Wang1, Shancheng Lei2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.1, pp. 551-593, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.029044

    Abstract In order to improve the seismic performance of adjacent buildings, two types of tuned inerter damper (TID) damping systems for adjacent buildings are proposed, which are composed of springs, inerter devices and dampers in serial or in parallel. The dynamic equations of TID adjacent building damping systems were derived, and the H2 norm criterion was used to optimize and adjust them, so that the system had the optimum damping performance under white noise random excitation. Taking TID frequency ratio and damping ratio as optimization parameters, the optimum analytical solutions of the displacement frequency response of the undamped structure under white… More > Graphic Abstract

    Parameters Optimization and Performance Evaluation of the Tuned Inerter Damper for the Seismic Protection of Adjacent Building Structures

  • Open Access

    PROCEEDINGS

    Giant Flexoelectric Effect of Polymeric Porous Composite and Its Applications

    Dongze Yan1, Jianxiang Wang2, Lihua Shao1,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.27, No.1, pp. 1-2, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09357

    Abstract Non-uniform strains produce a localized break in the microscopic inverse symmetry of materials, which leads to the electromechanical coupling phenomenon known as flexoelectricity in all dielectric materials. However, the size-dependent flexoelectric effect typically only manifests at small scales. Creating a considerable flexoelectric output at the macroscopic scale remains a bottleneck. Micro- and nano-porous materials own a significant number of randomly distributed microscopic pores and ligamentous structures, which can deform non-uniformly under arbitrary forms of macroscopic loading. Moreover, since the small size effect of flexoelectricity, the entire flexoelectricity of the micro- and nano-porous materials will be much more significant than that… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Wireless Self-Powered Vibration Sensor System for Intelligent Spindle Monitoring

    Lei Yu1, Hongjun Wang1,*, Yubin Yue1, Shucong Liu1, Xiangxiang Mao2, Fengshou Gu3

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.17, No.4, pp. 315-336, 2023, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2022.024899

    Abstract In recent years, high-end equipment is widely used in industry and the accuracy requirements of the equipment have been risen year by year. During the machining process, the high-end equipment failure may have a great impact on the product quality. It is necessary to monitor the status of equipment and to predict fault diagnosis. At present, most of the condition monitoring devices for mechanical equipment have problems of large size, low precision and low energy utilization. A wireless self-powered intelligent spindle vibration acceleration sensor system based on piezoelectric energy harvesting is proposed. Based on rotor sensing technology, a sensor is… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Chicken Eggshell as an Innovative Bioflocculant in Harvesting Biofloc for Aquaculture Wastewater Treatment

    Hajjar Hartini Wan Jusoh1, Nor Azman Kasan2,*, Hidayah Manan2, Nurfarahana Mohd Nasir1,3, Fareza Hanis Mohd Yunos1, Sofiah Hamzah1, Ahmad Jusoh1,2,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.5, pp. 2321-2332, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.026086

    Abstract Implementation of biofloc technology (BFT) system in aquaculture industry shows high productivity, low feed conversion ratio, and an optimum culture environment. This study was divided into two phases. The first phase involved maintaining the water quality using the optimum carbon-to-nitrogen ratio by manipulating pH in culture water. The second phase examined the performance of harvesting biofloc (remaining phytoplankton and suspended solids in the system) using chicken eggshell powder (CESP). This study showed that pH 7 to 8 were the best biofloc performance with high removal percentage of ammonia (>99%) with a remaining ammonia concentration of 0.016 mg L−1 and 0.018… More > Graphic Abstract

    Chicken Eggshell as an Innovative Bioflocculant in Harvesting Biofloc for Aquaculture Wastewater Treatment

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Short-Term Mosques Load Forecast Using Machine Learning and Meteorological Data

    Musaed Alrashidi*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.1, pp. 371-387, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.034739

    Abstract The tendency toward achieving more sustainable and green buildings turned several passive buildings into more dynamic ones. Mosques are the type of buildings that have a unique energy usage pattern. Nevertheless, these types of buildings have minimal consideration in the ongoing energy efficiency applications. This is due to the unpredictability in the electrical consumption of the mosques affecting the stability of the distribution networks. Therefore, this study addresses this issue by developing a framework for a short-term electricity load forecast for a mosque load located in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. In this study, and by harvesting the load consumption of the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Impact of Hydrogen Energy Storage on the Electricity Harvesting

    Ghassan Mousa1, Ayman A. Aly2, Imran Khan3, Dag Øivind Madsen4,*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.2, pp. 1963-1978, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.033627

    Abstract The economics, infrastructure, transportation, and level of living of a country are all influenced by energy. The gap between energy usage and availability is a global issue. Currently, all countries rely on fossil fuels for energy generation, and these fossil fuels are not sustainable. The hydrogen proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) power system is both clean and efficient. The fuel delivery system and the PEMFC make up the majority of the PEMFC power system. The lack of an efficient, safe, and cost-effective hydrogen storage system is still a major barrier to its widespread use. Solid hydrogen storage has the… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Thermomechanical Energy Converters for Harvesting Thermal Energy: A Review

    Oleg P. Dimitriev*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.4, pp. 1555-1600, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.024772

    Abstract Thermal energy, i.e., the electromagnetic energy in the infrared range that originates from the direct solar radiation, outgoing terrestrial radiation, waste heat from combustion of fuels, heat-emitting electrical devices, decay of radioactive isotopes, organic putrefaction and fermentation, human body heat, and so on, constitutes a huge energy flux circulating on the earth surface. However, most energy converters designed for the conversion of electromagnetic energy into electricity, such as photovoltaic cells, are mainly focused on using a narrow part of the solar energy lying in the visible spectrum, while thermomechanical engines that are fueled by heat in the broad energy range… More > Graphic Abstract

    Thermomechanical Energy Converters for Harvesting Thermal Energy: A Review

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    A Review of Electromagnetic Energy Regenerative Suspension System & Key Technologies

    Changzhong Fu, Jiayu Lu*, Wenqing Ge, Cao Tan, Bo Li

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.135, No.3, pp. 1779-1824, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.023092

    Abstract The active suspension has undoubtedly improved the performance of the vehicle, however, the trend of “lowcarbonization, intelligence, and informationization” in the automotive industry has put forward higher and more urgent requirements for the suspension system. The automotive industry and researchers favor active energy regeneration suspension technology with safety, comfort, and high energy regenerative efficiency. In this paper, we review the research progress of the structure form, optimization method, and control strategy of electromagnetic energy regenerative suspension. Specifically, comparing the pros and cons of the existing technology in solving the contradiction between dynamic performance and energy regeneration. In addition, the development… More > Graphic Abstract

    A Review of Electromagnetic Energy Regenerative Suspension System & Key Technologies

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Solar Energy Harvesting Using a Timer-Based Relay Selection

    Raed Alhamad1,*, Hatem Boujemaa2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.1, pp. 2149-2159, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.033222

    Abstract In this paper, the throughput and delay of cooperative communications are derived when solar energy is used and relay node is selected using a timer. The source and relays harvest energy from sun using a photo voltaic system. The harvested power is used by the source to transmit data to the relays. Then, a selected relay amplifies the signal to the destination. Opportunistic, partial and reactive relay selection are used. The relay transmits when its timer elapses. The timer is set to a value proportional to the inverse of its Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR). Therefore, the relay with largest… More >

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