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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Contrast Normalization Strategies in Brain Tumor Imaging: From Preprocessing to Classification

    Samar M. Alqhtani1, Toufique A. Soomro2,*, Faisal Bin Ubaid3, Ahmed Ali4, Muhammad Irfan5, Abdullah A. Asiri6

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.2, pp. 1539-1562, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.051475

    Abstract Cancer-related to the nervous system and brain tumors is a leading cause of mortality in various countries. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) are utilized to capture brain images. MRI plays a crucial role in the diagnosis of brain tumors and the examination of other brain disorders. Typically, manual assessment of MRI images by radiologists or experts is performed to identify brain tumors and abnormalities in the early stages for timely intervention. However, early diagnosis of brain tumors is intricate, necessitating the use of computerized methods. This research introduces an innovative approach for… More > Graphic Abstract

    Contrast Normalization Strategies in Brain Tumor Imaging: From Preprocessing to Classification

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Novel Approach to Breast Tumor Detection: Enhanced Speckle Reduction and Hybrid Classification in Ultrasound Imaging

    K. Umapathi1,*, S. Shobana1, Anand Nayyar2, Judith Justin3, R. Vanithamani3, Miguel Villagómez Galindo4, Mushtaq Ahmad Ansari5, Hitesh Panchal6,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 1875-1901, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047961

    Abstract Breast cancer detection heavily relies on medical imaging, particularly ultrasound, for early diagnosis and effective treatment. This research addresses the challenges associated with computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) of breast cancer from ultrasound images. The primary challenge is accurately distinguishing between malignant and benign tumors, complicated by factors such as speckle noise, variable image quality, and the need for precise segmentation and classification. The main objective of the research paper is to develop an advanced methodology for breast ultrasound image classification, focusing on speckle noise reduction, precise segmentation, feature extraction, and machine learning-based classification. A unique approach… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Deep Learning Framework for Mass-Forming Chronic Pancreatitis and Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Classification Based on Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    Luda Chen1, Kuangzhu Bao2, Ying Chen2, Jingang Hao2,*, Jianfeng He1,3,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 409-427, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048507

    Abstract Pancreatic diseases, including mass-forming chronic pancreatitis (MFCP) and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), present with similar imaging features, leading to diagnostic complexities. Deep Learning (DL) methods have been shown to perform well on diagnostic tasks. Existing DL pancreatic lesion diagnosis studies based on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) utilize the prior information to guide models to focus on the lesion region. However, over-reliance on prior information may ignore the background information that is helpful for diagnosis. This study verifies the diagnostic significance of the background information using a clinical dataset. Consequently, the Prior Difference Guidance Network (PDGNet)… More >

  • Open Access

    CASE REPORT

    A 63-Year-Old Male with D-Transposition of the Great Arteries Who Had an Early Form of the Arterial Switch Operation

    Michael A. Rebolledo1,*, Jane S. Yao2, Jason N. Johnson1, Umar S. Boston3, Benjamin R. Waller III1

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.19, No.1, pp. 65-68, 2024, DOI:10.32604/chd.2024.046638

    Abstract We describe a 63-year-old male who appears to have undergone an early form of the arterial switch operation for D-transposition of the great arteries performed in the mid-1960s. We review the clinical and imaging data that support our conclusion. He had a diagnostic cardiac catheterization which demonstrated severe pulmonary hypertension responsive to epoprostenol and oxygen. Our case may represent one example of the experimental surgical work done prior to Dr. Adibe Jatene’s description of the first successful arterial switch performed in 1975. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Transparent and Accurate COVID-19 Diagnosis: Integrating Explainable AI with Advanced Deep Learning in CT Imaging

    Mohammad Mehedi Hassan1,*, Salman A. AlQahtani2, Mabrook S. AlRakhami1, Ahmed Zohier Elhendi3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 3101-3123, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.047940

    Abstract In the current landscape of the COVID-19 pandemic, the utilization of deep learning in medical imaging, especially in chest computed tomography (CT) scan analysis for virus detection, has become increasingly significant. Despite its potential, deep learning’s “black box” nature has been a major impediment to its broader acceptance in clinical environments, where transparency in decision-making is imperative. To bridge this gap, our research integrates Explainable AI (XAI) techniques, specifically the Local Interpretable Model-Agnostic Explanations (LIME) method, with advanced deep learning models. This integration forms a sophisticated and transparent framework for COVID-19 identification, enhancing the capability… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Deep Learning Approach for Landmines Detection Based on Airborne Magnetometry Imaging and Edge Computing

    Ahmed Barnawi1,*, Krishan Kumar2, Neeraj Kumar1, Bander Alzahrani1, Amal Almansour1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 2117-2137, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.044184

    Abstract Landmines continue to pose an ongoing threat in various regions around the world, with countless buried landmines affecting numerous human lives. The detonation of these landmines results in thousands of casualties reported worldwide annually. Therefore, there is a pressing need to employ diverse landmine detection techniques for their removal. One effective approach for landmine detection is UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) based Airborne Magnetometry, which identifies magnetic anomalies in the local terrestrial magnetic field. It can generate a contour plot or heat map that visually represents the magnetic field strength. Despite the effectiveness of this approach,… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Congenital Absence of Pericardium: The Largest Systematic Review in the Field on 247 Worldwide Cases (1977-Now)

    Pier Paolo Bassareo1,2,3,*, Aurelio Secinaro4, Paolo Ciliberti5, Massimo Chessa6,7, Marco Alfonso Perrone5,8, Kevin Patrick Walsh1,2,3, Colin Joseph Mcmahon2,3

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.18, No.6, pp. 595-610, 2023, DOI:10.32604/chd.2023.046229

    Abstract Background: Congenital absence of pericardium (CAP), also known as pericardial agenesis, represents an uncommon cardiac abnormality and mostly incidental finding. It can be subdivided into complete and partial (left or right-sided) forms. Because of its infrequency, just case reports and a few case series have been released so far. This paper represents the largest systematic review in the field. Nine features (age at diagnosis, type, gender, clinical presentation, electrocardiography, imaging (ultrasounds, CT/MRI), concomitant cardiac defects, and outcome) were analysed. Methods: The electronic database PubMed was investigated from its establishment up to July 15th, 2023. Just case… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Experimental Evaluation of Individual Hotspots of a Multicore Microprocessor Using Pulsating Heat Sources

    Rodrigo Vidonscky Pinto1, Flávio Augusto Sanzovo Fiorelli2,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.21, pp. 427-443, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2023.041917

    Abstract The present work provides an experimental and numerical procedure to obtain the geometrical position of the hotspots of a microprocessor using the thermal images obtained from the transient thermal response of this processor subject to pulsating stress tests. This is performed by the solution of the steady inverse heat transfer problem using these thermal images, resulting in qualitative heat source distributions; these are analyzed using the mean heat source gradients to identify the elements that can be considered hotspots. This procedure identified that the processor INTEL Core 2 Quad Q8400S contains one hotspot located in More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Low-Strain Damage Imaging Detection Experiment for Model Pile Integrity Based on HHT

    Ziyang Jiang1, Ziping Wang1,*, Kan Feng1, Yang Zhang2, Rahim Gorgin1

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.17, No.6, pp. 557-569, 2023, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2023.042393

    Abstract With the advancement of computer and mathematical techniques, significant progress has been made in the 3D modeling of foundation piles. Existing methods include the 3D semi-analytical model for non-destructive low-strain integrity assessment of large-diameter thin-walled pipe piles and the 3D soil-pile dynamic interaction model. However, these methods have complex analysis procedures and substantial limitations. This paper introduces an innovative and streamlined 3D imaging technique tailored for the detection of pile damage. The approach harnesses the power of an eight-channel ring array transducer to capture internal reflection signals within foundation piles. The acquired signals are subsequently… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Improved Lung Cancer Segmentation Based on Nature-Inspired Optimization Approaches

    Shazia Shamas1, Surya Narayan Panda1,*, Ishu Sharma1,*, Kalpna Guleria1, Aman Singh2,3,4, Ahmad Ali AlZubi5, Mallak Ahmad AlZubi6

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.2, pp. 1051-1075, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.030712

    Abstract The distinction and precise identification of tumor nodules are crucial for timely lung cancer diagnosis and planning intervention. This research work addresses the major issues pertaining to the field of medical image processing while focusing on lung cancer Computed Tomography (CT) images. In this context, the paper proposes an improved lung cancer segmentation technique based on the strengths of nature-inspired approaches. The better resolution of CT is exploited to distinguish healthy subjects from those who have lung cancer. In this process, the visual challenges of the K-means are addressed with the integration of four nature-inspired… More >

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