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  • Open Access


    Coupled Numerical Simulation of Electromagnetic and Flow Fields in a Magnetohydrodynamic Induction Pump

    He Wang1,*, Ying He2

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.4, pp. 889-899, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.042728

    Abstract Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) induction pumps are contactless pumps able to withstand harsh environments. The rate of fluid flow through the pump directly affects the efficiency and stability of the device. To explore the influence of induction pump settings on the related delivery speed, in this study, a numerical model for coupled electromagnetic and flow field effects is introduced and used to simulate liquid metal lithium flow in the induction pump. The effects of current intensity, frequency, coil turns and coil winding size on the velocity of the working fluid are analyzed. It is shown that the first three parameters have a… More >

  • Open Access


    Cross-Diffusion Effects on an MHD Williamson Nanofluid Flow Past a Nonlinear Stretching Sheet Immersed in a Permeable Medium

    R. Madan Kumar1, R. Srinivasa Raju2, F. Mebarek-Oudina3,*, M. Anil Kumar4, V. K. Narla2

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.22, No.1, pp. 15-34, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2024.048045

    Abstract The primary aim of this research endeavor is to examine the characteristics of magnetohydrodynamic Williamson nanofluid flow past a nonlinear stretching surface that is immersed in a permeable medium. In the current analysis, the impacts of Soret and Dufour (cross-diffusion effects) have been attentively taken into consideration. Using appropriate similarity variable transformations, the governing nonlinear partial differential equations were altered into nonlinear ordinary differential equations and then solved numerically using the Runge Kutta Fehlberg-45 method along with the shooting technique. Numerical simulations were then perceived to show the consequence of various physical parameters on the plots of velocity, temperature, and… More > Graphic Abstract

    Cross-Diffusion Effects on an MHD Williamson Nanofluid Flow Past a Nonlinear Stretching Sheet Immersed in a Permeable Medium

  • Open Access


    Effects of Viscous Dissipation and Periodic Heat Flux on MHD Free Convection Channel Flow with Heat Generation

    Mustafa Abdullah*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.22, No.1, pp. 141-156, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2024.046788

    Abstract This study investigates the influence of periodic heat flux and viscous dissipation on magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) flow through a vertical channel with heat generation. A theoretical approach is employed. The channel is exposed to a perpendicular magnetic field, while one side experiences a periodic heat flow, and the other side undergoes a periodic temperature variation. Numerical solutions for the governing partial differential equations are obtained using a finite difference approach, complemented by an eigenfunction expansion method for analytical solutions. Visualizations and discussions illustrate how different variables affect the flow velocity and temperature fields. This offers comprehensive insights into MHD flow behavior… More >

  • Open Access


    Natural Convection and Irreversibility of Nanofluid Due to Inclined Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) Filled in a Cavity with Y-Shape Heated Fin: FEM Computational Configuration

    Afraz Hussain Majeed1, Rashid Mahmood2, Sayed M. Eldin3, Imran Saddique4,5,*, S. Saleem6, Muhammad Jawad7

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 1505-1519, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.030255

    Abstract This study explains the entropy process of natural convective heating in the nanofluid-saturated cavity in a heated fin and magnetic field. The temperature is constant on the Y-shaped fin, insulating the top wall while the remaining walls remain cold. All walls are subject to impermeability and non-slip conditions. The mathematical modeling of the problem is demonstrated by the continuity, momentum, and energy equations incorporating the inclined magnetic field. For elucidating the flow characteristics Finite Element Method (FEM) is implemented using stable FE pair. A hybrid fine mesh is used for discretizing the domain. Velocity and thermal plots concerning parameters are… More >

  • Open Access


    Chemically Radiative MHD Flow of a Micropolar Nanofluid over a Stretching/Shrinking Sheet with a Heat Source or Sink

    Parakapali Roja1, Shaik Mohammed Ibrahim2, Thummala Sankar Reddy3, Giulio Lorenzini4,*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.2, pp. 257-274, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.042283

    Abstract This study examines the behavior of a micropolar nanofluid flowing over a sheet in the presence of a transverse magnetic field and thermal effects. In addition, chemical (first-order homogeneous) reactions are taken into account. A similarity transformation is used to reduce the system of governing coupled non-linear partial differential equations (PDEs), which account for the transport of mass, momentum, angular momentum, energy and species, to a set of non-linear ordinary differential equations (ODEs). The Runge-Kutta method along with shooting method is used to solve them. The impact of several parameters is evaluated. It is shown that the micro-rotational velocity of… More >

  • Open Access



    Wubshet Ibrahim

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.7, pp. 1-10, 2016, DOI:10.5098/hmt.7.4

    Abstract The study scrutinizes the effect of convective heating on magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) stagnation point flow and heat transfer of upper-convected Maxell fluid p ast a s tretching s heet i n t he p resence o f n anoparticles. T he m odel u sed i n t he s tudy i ncludes t he e ffect o f B rownian m otion and thermophoresis parameters. The non-linear governing equations and their boundary conditions are initially cast into dimensionless forms by similarity transformation. The resulting system of equations is then solved numerically using fourth order Runge-Kutta method along with shooting technique.… More >

  • Open Access


    Flow Breakdown of Hybrid Nanofluid on a Rigid Surface with Power Law Fluid as Lubricated Layers

    Mirza Naveed Jahangeer Baig1, Nadeem Salamat1, Sohail Nadeem2,3,*, Naeem Ullah2, Mohamed Bechir Ben Hamida4,5,6, Hassan Ali Ghazwani7, Sayed M. Eldin8, A. S. Al-Shafay9

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.2, pp. 1485-1499, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.029351

    Abstract This work investigates an oblique stagnation point flow of hybrid nanofluid over a rigid surface with power law fluid as lubricated layers. Copper (Cu) and Silver (Ag) solid particles are used as hybrid particles acting in water H2O as a base fluid. The mathematical formulation of flow configuration is presented in terms of differential system that is nonlinear in nature. The thermal aspects of the flow field are also investigated by assuming the surface is a heated surface with a constant temperature T. Numerical solutions to the governing mathematical model are calculated by the RK45 algorithm. The results based on… More >

  • Open Access


    Direct Numerical Simulation of Electroconvection near an Ion-Selective Membrane Under Magnetic Field

    Jinxiang Cai1, Gaojin Li1,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.25, No.1, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09833

    Abstract We study the effect of magnetic field on the electro-hydrodynamics of ion transport in a liquid electrolyte near an ion-selective membrane using direct numerical simulation. Ion transport across the ion selective membrane plays an essential role in many electro-hydrodynamic and electro-microfluidic systems. Above a critical voltage, electroconvective instability occurs near the membrane surface, causing vortical flows in liquid electrolyte which enhances the mixing of cations and anions, increases the ion transport efficiency and causes current fluctuations. When the system is under a magnetic field, the Lorentz force generated by the ion movement can significantly change the flow of electrolyte solution.… More >

  • Open Access



    Machireddy Gnaneswara Reddya,*, Gorla Rama Subba Reddyb

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.8, pp. 1-9, 2017, DOI:10.5098/hmt.8.20

    Abstract The objective of the present communication is to study the problem of micropolar fluid flow with temperature dependent thermal conductivity over a nonlinear stretching convective vertical surface in the presence of Lorentz force and viscous dissipation. Due to the nature of heat transfer in the flow past vertical surface, Cattaneo-Christov heat flux model and Joule heating effects are properly accommodated in the energy equation. The governing partial differential equations for the flow and heat transfer are converted into a set of ordinary differential equations by employing the acceptable similarity transformations. Runge-Kutta and Newton’s methods are utilized to resolve the altered… More >

  • Open Access



    Habib-Olah Sayehvanda , Shirley Abelmanb,*, Amir Basiri Parsaa

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.9, pp. 1-9, 2017, DOI:10.5098/hmt.9.30

    Abstract Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) nanofluid flow considered to be steady, incompressible and electrically conducting, flows through permeable plates in the presence of convective heating, models as a system of nonlinear partial differential equations which are solved analytically by the Differential Transform Method (DTM). Copper, aluminum oxide and titanium dioxide nanoparticles are considered with Carboxyl Methyl Cellulose (CMC)– water as the base fluid. Variation of the effects of pertinent parameters on fluid velocity and temperature is analyzed parametrically. Verification between analytical (DTM) and numerical (fourth-order Runge-Kutta scheme) results and previous published research is shown to be quite agreeable. The temperature of Cu-water is… More >

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