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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multimodal Social Media Fake News Detection Based on Similarity Inference and Adversarial Networks

    Fangfang Shan1,2,*, Huifang Sun1,2, Mengyi Wang1,2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 581-605, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.046202

    Abstract As social networks become increasingly complex, contemporary fake news often includes textual descriptions of events accompanied by corresponding images or videos. Fake news in multiple modalities is more likely to create a misleading perception among users. While early research primarily focused on text-based features for fake news detection mechanisms, there has been relatively limited exploration of learning shared representations in multimodal (text and visual) contexts. To address these limitations, this paper introduces a multimodal model for detecting fake news, which relies on similarity reasoning and adversarial networks. The model employs Bidirectional Encoder Representation from Transformers… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Study on the Influence of Social Media Use on Psychological Anxiety among Young Women

    Tao Liu1, Huiyin Shi1, Chen Chen1,*, Rong Fu2,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.26, No.3, pp. 199-209, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2024.046303

    Abstract To explore the relationship between social influence, social comparison, clarity of self-concept, and psychological anxiety among young women during their usage of social networking sites, our study selected 338 young women aged 14–34 from the social site platforms of Little Red Book and Weibo for questionnaire surveys. The Passive Social Network Utilization Scale, Social Comparison Scale (SCS), Social Influence Questionnaire, Self-Concept Clarity Scale (SCCS), and Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7) were employed to measure the subjects. Our results show that the frequency of passive social media use is positively related to the level of psychological… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Social Media-Based Surveillance Systems for Health Informatics Using Machine and Deep Learning Techniques: A Comprehensive Review and Open Challenges

    Samina Amin1, Muhammad Ali Zeb1, Hani Alshahrani2,*, Mohammed Hamdi2, Mohammad Alsulami2, Asadullah Shaikh3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 1167-1202, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.043921

    Abstract Social media (SM) based surveillance systems, combined with machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) techniques, have shown potential for early detection of epidemic outbreaks. This review discusses the current state of SM-based surveillance methods for early epidemic outbreaks and the role of ML and DL in enhancing their performance. Since, every year, a large amount of data related to epidemic outbreaks, particularly Twitter data is generated by SM. This paper outlines the theme of SM analysis for tracking health-related issues and detecting epidemic outbreaks in SM, along with the ML and DL techniques that… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    From Social Media to Ballot Box: Leveraging Location-Aware Sentiment Analysis for Election Predictions

    Asif Khan1, Nada Boudjellal2, Huaping Zhang1,*, Arshad Ahmad3, Maqbool Khan3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.3, pp. 3037-3055, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.044403

    Abstract Predicting election outcomes is a crucial undertaking, and various methods are employed for this purpose, such as traditional opinion polling, and social media analysis. However, traditional polling approaches often struggle to capture the intricate nuances of voter sentiment at local levels, resulting in a limited depth of analysis and understanding. In light of this challenge, this study focuses on predicting elections at the state/regional level along with the country level, intending to offer a comprehensive analysis and deeper insights into the electoral process. To achieve this, the study introduces the Location-Based Election Prediction Model (LEPM),… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Efficient Character-Level Adversarial Attack Inspired by Textual Variations in Online Social Media Platforms

    Jebran Khan1, Kashif Ahmad2, Kyung-Ah Sohn1,3,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.3, pp. 2869-2894, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.040159

    Abstract In recent years, the growing popularity of social media platforms has led to several interesting natural language processing (NLP) applications. However, these social media-based NLP applications are subject to different types of adversarial attacks due to the vulnerabilities of machine learning (ML) and NLP techniques. This work presents a new low-level adversarial attack recipe inspired by textual variations in online social media communication. These variations are generated to convey the message using out-of-vocabulary words based on visual and phonetic similarities of characters and words in the shortest possible form. The intuition of the proposed scheme… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    DFE-GCN: Dual Feature Enhanced Graph Convolutional Network for Controversy Detection

    Chengfei Hua1,2,3, Wenzhong Yang2,3,*, Liejun Wang2,3, Fuyuan Wei2,3, KeZiErBieKe HaiLaTi2,3, Yuanyuan Liao2,3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.1, pp. 893-909, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.040862

    Abstract With the development of social media and the prevalence of mobile devices, an increasing number of people tend to use social media platforms to express their opinions and attitudes, leading to many online controversies. These online controversies can severely threaten social stability, making automatic detection of controversies particularly necessary. Most controversy detection methods currently focus on mining features from text semantics and propagation structures. However, these methods have two drawbacks: 1) limited ability to capture structural features and failure to learn deeper structural features, and 2) neglecting the influence of topic information and ineffective utilization… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Improving Sentiment Analysis in Election-Based Conversations on Twitter with ElecBERT Language Model

    Asif Khan1, Huaping Zhang1,*, Nada Boudjellal2, Arshad Ahmad3, Maqbool Khan3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.3, pp. 3345-3361, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.041520

    Abstract Sentiment analysis plays a vital role in understanding public opinions and sentiments toward various topics. In recent years, the rise of social media platforms (SMPs) has provided a rich source of data for analyzing public opinions, particularly in the context of election-related conversations. Nevertheless, sentiment analysis of election-related tweets presents unique challenges due to the complex language used, including figurative expressions, sarcasm, and the spread of misinformation. To address these challenges, this paper proposes Election-focused Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers (ElecBERT), a new model for sentiment analysis in the context of election-related tweets. Election-related tweets… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Deep Learning Based Cyber Event Detection from Open-Source Re-Emerging Social Data

    Farah Mohammad1,*, Saad Al-Ahmadi2, Jalal Al-Muhtadi1,2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.2, pp. 1423-1438, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.035741

    Abstract Social media forums have emerged as the most popular form of communication in the modern technology era, allowing people to discuss and express their opinions. This increases the amount of material being shared on social media sites. There is a wealth of information about the threat that may be found in such open data sources. The security of already-deployed software and systems relies heavily on the timely detection of newly-emerging threats to their safety that can be gleaned from such information. Despite the fact that several models for detecting cybersecurity events have been presented, it… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Thalassemia Screening by Sentiment Analysis on Social Media Platform Twitter

    Wadhah Mohammed M. Aqlan1, Ghassan Ahmed Ali2,*, Khairan Rajab2, Adel Rajab2, Asadullah Shaikh2, Fekry Olayah2, Shehab Abdulhabib Saeed Alzaeemi3,*, Kim Gaik Tay3, Mohd Adib Omar1, Ernest Mangantig4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.1, pp. 665-686, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.039228

    Abstract Thalassemia syndrome is a genetic blood disorder induced by the reduction of normal hemoglobin production, resulting in a drop in the size of red blood cells. In severe forms, it can lead to death. This genetic disorder has posed a major burden on public health wherein patients with severe thalassemia need periodic therapy of iron chelation and blood transfusion for survival. Therefore, controlling thalassemia is extremely important and is made by promoting screening to the general population, particularly among thalassemia carriers. Today Twitter is one of the most influential social media platforms for sharing opinions… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Investigating the Cognitive Control of Social Media-Anxious Users Using a Psychological Experimental Approach

    Baoqiang Zhang1,2, Ling Xiang3,4,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.7, pp. 863-871, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.027303

    Abstract Social media has become increasingly popular and is now a significant tool for daily communication for many people. The use of social media can cause anxiety and have detrimental impacts on mental health. Cognitive impairment is more likely to affect individuals with anxiety. Investigating the cognitive abilities and mental health of social media users requires the development of new methodologies. This study employed the AX-Continuous Performance Test (AX-CPT) paradigm and the Stroop paradigm to study the cognitive control characteristics of trait anxiety, drawing on psychological experimental methods. Previous studies on whether trait anxiety impairs cognitive… More >

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