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  • Open Access



    Morteza Eslamian*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.2, No.4, pp. 1-20, 2011, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v2.4.3001

    Abstract Recent advances in thermodiffusion (Soret effect) in binary and higher multicomponent liquid mixtures are reviewed. The mixtures studied include the hydrocarbon, associating, molten metal and semiconductor, polymer, and DNA mixtures. The emphasis is placed on the theoretical works, particularly models based on the nonequilibrium thermodynamics, although other approaches such as the statistical, kinetic and hydrodynamic approaches are discussed as well. For each mixture, the major theoretical and experimental works are discussed and the research trends and challenges are addressed. Some of the challenges include a need for combining various methods to develop a comprehensive theoretical model or at least to… More >

  • Open Access



    Pranab Kumar Mondal*, Sanchayan Mukherjee

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.3, No.3, pp. 1-6, 2012, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v3.3.3004

    Abstract The present paper deals with the analytical investigation for the limiting value of Nusselt number, including the effect of viscous dissipation on heat transfer for a laminar shear driven flow between two infinite parallel plates, where the bottom plate is fixed and the top plate is moving in an axial direction at a constant speed. The study concentrates on hydro-dynamically fully developed flow of a Newtonian fluid of constant properties without considering the axial conduction in the fluid. To investigate the effect of viscous dissipation on heat transfer by defining the limiting Nusselt number, plates are kept at constant equal… More >

  • Open Access



    Alexandre Vaudreya,*, Philippe Baucourb, François Lanzettab, Raynal Glisesb

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.3, No.3, pp. 1-8, 2012, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v3.3.3001

    Abstract Producing electrical work in consuming chemical energy, the fuel cell (FC) is forced by the 2nd law to reject heat to its surrounding. However, as it occurs for any other type of engine, this thermal energy cannot be exchanged in an isothermal way in finite time or through finite areas. As it was already done for various types of systems, including chemical engines, the fuel cell is here studied within the finite time thermodynamics framework. An endoreversible fuel cell is then defined, internally reversible but producing entropy during heat exchanges with its ambiance. Considering usual H2/O2 and H2/air chemical reactions… More >

  • Open Access


    Thermodynamically-Consistent NVT Flash Calculation and Thermodynamics-Informed Neural Network (TINN) Accelerating Phase Equilibrium Estimates

    Tao Zhang1, Hua Bai2, Shuyu Sun1,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.26, No.2, pp. 1-2, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09050

    Abstract The current well-developed and widely-recognized models describing interfacial tension are explicit functions of volume, temperature and moles so that it is more straightforward to compute the derivative of interfacial tension with respect to volume than pressure. We will propose a novel and comprehensive multicomponent multi-phase flow simulation algorithms based on diffuse interface models. In order to improve the robustness and reliability, realistic EoSs, represented by Peng-Robinson equation of states, are selected to formulate the thermodynamic correlations and an NVT-based flash calculation scheme is used to control the phase behaviors [1]. Compared to the minimized Gibbs free energy often used in… More >

  • Open Access


    A Novel Method for Heat Exchange Evaluation in EV

    Mohammad Saraireh*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.1, pp. 57-70, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.032050

    Abstract With the growing global energy and environmental problems, electric vehicles that are both environmentally friendly and cost effective have seen rapid growth. An electrified vehicle’s effective thermal management must include all of the vehicle’s systems. However, optimizing the thermal behavior of each component is insufficient. A lithium-ion battery’s operating temperature has a significant impact on its performance. When working at low temperatures, the internal resistance of lithium-ion batteries increases, the available energy and power of the system decreases, and lithium precipitation caused by low-temperature charging may cause safety issues; high-temperature operation and temperature inconsistency between battery cells will cause accelerated… More >

  • Open Access


    Cell bioenergetics: Simple logics, complex solution


    BIOCELL, Vol.46, No.10, pp. 2217-2220, 2022, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2022.020806

    Abstract Cells are open systems that exchange energy and molecules with their environment. As any material system, they perform all the complex activities required for homeostasis and reproduction, obeying the thermodynamic laws. This viewpoint will argue that the basic logic governing the energy flux required to preserve cell organization and function is simple: to decrease the activation energy (Ea) of specific processes. Almost none of the possible chemical reactions and energy transformations inside a cell occur at a measurable speed at room or body temperature. Enzymes or other macromolecular structures speed up particular transformations by decreasing the corresponding energetic barriers. However,… More >

  • Open Access


    A Novel Method for Thermoelectric Generator Based on Neural Network

    Mohammad Saraireh1,*, A. M. Maqableh2, Manar Jaradat3, Omar A. Saraereh4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.1, pp. 2115-2133, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.029978

    Abstract The growing need for renewable energy and zero carbon dioxide emissions has fueled the development of thermoelectric generators with improved power generating capability. Along with the endeavor to develop thermoelectric materials with greater figures of merit, the geometrical and structural optimization of thermoelectric generators is equally critical for maximum power output and efficiency. Green energy strategies that are constantly updated are a viable option for addressing the global energy issue while also protecting the environment. There have been significant focuses on the development of thermoelectric modules for a range of solar, automotive, military, and aerospace applications in recent years due… More >

  • Open Access


    Development of Magnetite/Graphene Oxide Hydrogels from Agricultural Wastes for Water Treatment

    Hebat-Allah S. Tohamy, Mohamed El-Sakhawy, Samir Kamel*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.7, pp. 1889-1909, 2022, DOI: 10.32604/jrm.2022.019211

    Abstract A novel magnetic hydrogel loaded with graphene oxide (GO) was developed in this study. Firstly, GO was prepared from bagasse through a single step via oxidation in the presence of ferrocene under muffled atmospheric conditions, followed by the loading of different amounts of magnetite onto GO via co-precipitation reaction of iron onto GO sheets. Finally, the 2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propane sulfonic acid was grafted onto carboxymethyl cellulose in the presence of magnetite GO and N, N′-methylenebisacrylamide as crosslinker yielded hydrogel. The structure, morphological, and thermal behavior of the prepared hydrogels were investigated. In addition, the adsorption performance of Ni(II) ions from aqueous media… More > Graphic Abstract

    Development of Magnetite/Graphene Oxide Hydrogels from Agricultural Wastes for Water Treatment

  • Open Access


    Microenvironment promotes cytoskeleton remodeling and adaptive phenotypic transition


    BIOCELL, Vol.46, No.6, pp. 1357-1362, 2022, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2022.018471

    Abstract The cytoskeleton includes three main classes of networked filaments behaving as a coherent and complex structure that confers stability to cell shape while serving as sensor of internal/extracellular changes. Microenvironmental stimuli interfere with the non-linear dynamics that govern cytoskeleton architecture, namely by fostering symmetry breakings and transitions across different phenotypic states. Such process induces a wholecoherent adaptive response, involving the reprogramming of biochemical and gene-expression patterns. These characteristics are especially relevant during development, and in those conditions in which a deregulated crosstalk between cells and the stroma is at the core of the pathological process. Therefore, studying how the cytoskeleton… More >

  • Open Access


    Fluid and Osmotic Pressure Balance and Volume Stabilization in Cells

    Peter M. Pinsky*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.129, No.3, pp. 1329-1350, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.017740

    Abstract A fundamental problem for cells with their fragile membranes is the control of their volume. The primordial solution to this problem is the active transport of ions across the cell membrane to modulate the intracellular osmotic pressure. In this work, a theoretical model of the cellular pump-leak mechanism is proposed within the general framework of linear nonequilibrium thermodynamics. The model is expressed with phenomenological equations that describe passive and active ionic transport across cell membranes, supplemented by an equation for the membrane potential that accounts for the electrogenicity of the ionic pumps. For active ionic transport, the model predicts that… More >

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