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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multi-Level Parallel Network for Brain Tumor Segmentation

    Juhong Tie, Hui Peng*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.1, pp. 741-757, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.043353

    Abstract Accurate automatic segmentation of gliomas in various sub-regions, including peritumoral edema, necrotic core, and enhancing and non-enhancing tumor core from 3D multimodal MRI images, is challenging because of its highly heterogeneous appearance and shape. Deep convolution neural networks (CNNs) have recently improved glioma segmentation performance. However, extensive down-sampling such as pooling or stridden convolution in CNNs significantly decreases the initial image resolution, resulting in the loss of accurate spatial and object parts information, especially information on the small sub-region tumors, affecting segmentation performance. Hence, this paper proposes a novel multi-level parallel network comprising three different level parallel sub-networks to fully… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Liver Tumor Segmentation Based on Multi-Scale and Self-Attention Mechanism

    Fufang Li, Manlin Luo*, Ming Hu, Guobin Wang, Yan Chen

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.3, pp. 2835-2850, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.039765

    Abstract Liver cancer has the second highest incidence rate among all types of malignant tumors, and currently, its diagnosis heavily depends on doctors’ manual labeling of CT scan images, a process that is time-consuming and susceptible to subjective errors. To address the aforementioned issues, we propose an automatic segmentation model for liver and tumors called Res2Swin Unet, which is based on the Unet architecture. The model combines Attention-Res2 and Swin Transformer modules for liver and tumor segmentation, respectively. Attention-Res2 merges multiple feature map parts with an Attention gate via skip connections, while Swin Transformer captures long-range dependencies and models the input… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    EMU-Net: Automatic Brain Tumor Segmentation and Classification Using Efficient Modified U-Net

    Mohammed Aly1,*, Abdullah Shawan Alotaibi2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.1, pp. 557-582, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042493

    Abstract Tumor segmentation is a valuable tool for gaining insights into tumors and improving treatment outcomes. Manual segmentation is crucial but time-consuming. Deep learning methods have emerged as key players in automating brain tumor segmentation. In this paper, we propose an efficient modified U-Net architecture, called EMU-Net, which is applied to the BraTS 2020 dataset. Our approach is organized into two distinct phases: classification and segmentation. In this study, our proposed approach encompasses the utilization of the gray-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) as the feature extraction algorithm, convolutional neural networks (CNNs) as the classification algorithm, and the chi-square method for feature selection.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Clinical Knowledge-Based Hybrid Swin Transformer for Brain Tumor Segmentation

    Xiaoliang Lei1, Xiaosheng Yu2,*, Hao Wu3, Chengdong Wu2,*, Jingsi Zhang2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.3, pp. 3797-3811, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042069

    Abstract Accurate tumor segmentation from brain tissues in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) imaging is crucial in the pre-surgical planning of brain tumor malignancy. MRI images’ heterogeneous intensity and fuzzy boundaries make brain tumor segmentation challenging. Furthermore, recent studies have yet to fully employ MRI sequences’ considerable and supplementary information, which offers critical a priori knowledge. This paper proposes a clinical knowledge-based hybrid Swin Transformer multimodal brain tumor segmentation algorithm based on how experts identify malignancies from MRI images. During the encoder phase, a dual backbone network with a Swin Transformer backbone to capture long dependencies from 3D MR images and a… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    3D Kronecker Convolutional Feature Pyramid for Brain Tumor Semantic Segmentation in MR Imaging

    Kainat Nazir1, Tahir Mustafa Madni1, Uzair Iqbal Janjua1, Umer Javed2, Muhammad Attique Khan3, Usman Tariq4, Jae-Hyuk Cha5,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.3, pp. 2861-2877, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.039181

    Abstract Brain tumor significantly impacts the quality of life and changes everything for a patient and their loved ones. Diagnosing a brain tumor usually begins with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The manual brain tumor diagnosis from the MRO images always requires an expert radiologist. However, this process is time-consuming and costly. Therefore, a computerized technique is required for brain tumor detection in MRI images. Using the MRI, a novel mechanism of the three-dimensional (3D) Kronecker convolution feature pyramid (KCFP) is used to segment brain tumors, resolving the pixel loss and weak processing of multi-scale lesions. A single dilation rate was replaced… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Brain Tumor Segmentation in Multimodal MRI Using U-Net Layered Structure

    Muhammad Javaid Iqbal1, Muhammad Waseem Iqbal2, Muhammad Anwar3,*, Muhammad Murad Khan4, Abd Jabar Nazimi5, Mohammad Nazir Ahmad6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.3, pp. 5267-5281, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.033024

    Abstract The brain tumour is the mass where some tissues become old or damaged, but they do not die or not leave their space. Mainly brain tumour masses occur due to malignant masses. These tissues must die so that new tissues are allowed to be born and take their place. Tumour segmentation is a complex and time-taking problem due to the tumour’s size, shape, and appearance variation. Manually finding such masses in the brain by analyzing Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI) is a crucial task for experts and radiologists. Radiologists could not work for large volume images simultaneously, and many errors occurred… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Salp Swarm Algorithm with Multilevel Thresholding Based Brain Tumor Segmentation Model

    Hanan T. Halawani*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.3, pp. 6775-6788, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.030814

    Abstract Biomedical image processing acts as an essential part of several medical applications in supporting computer aided disease diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Image (MRI) is a commonly utilized imaging tool used to save glioma for clinical examination. Biomedical image segmentation plays a vital role in healthcare decision making process which also helps to identify the affected regions in the MRI. Though numerous segmentation models are available in the literature, it is still needed to develop effective segmentation models for BT. This study develops a salp swarm algorithm with multi-level thresholding based brain tumor segmentation (SSAMLT-BTS) model. The presented SSAMLT-BTS model initially employs… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Brain Tumor Detection and Classification Using PSO and Convolutional Neural Network

    Muhammad Ali1, Jamal Hussain Shah1, Muhammad Attique Khan2, Majed Alhaisoni3, Usman Tariq4, Tallha Akram5, Ye Jin Kim6, Byoungchol Chang7,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.3, pp. 4501-4518, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.030392

    Abstract Tumor detection has been an active research topic in recent years due to the high mortality rate. Computer vision (CV) and image processing techniques have recently become popular for detecting tumors in MRI images. The automated detection process is simpler and takes less time than manual processing. In addition, the difference in the expanding shape of brain tumor tissues complicates and complicates tumor detection for clinicians. We proposed a new framework for tumor detection as well as tumor classification into relevant categories in this paper. For tumor segmentation, the proposed framework employs the Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm, and for… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Novel Inherited Modeling Structure of Automatic Brain Tumor Segmentation from MRI

    Abdullah A. Asiri1, Tariq Ali2, Ahmad Shaf2, Muhammad Aamir2, Muhammad Shoaib3, Muhammad Irfan4, Hassan A. Alshamrani1,*, Fawaz F. Alqahtani1, Osama M. Alshehri5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.2, pp. 3983-4002, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.030923

    Abstract Brain tumor is one of the most dreadful worldwide types of cancer and affects people leading to death. Magnetic resonance imaging methods capture skull images that contain healthy and affected tissue. Radiologists checked the affected tissue in the slice-by-slice manner, which was time-consuming and hectic task. Therefore, auto segmentation of the affected part is needed to facilitate radiologists. Therefore, we have considered a hybrid model that inherits the convolutional neural network (CNN) properties to the support vector machine (SVM) for the auto-segmented brain tumor region. The CNN model is initially used to detect brain tumors, while SVM is integrated to… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Brain Tumor Segmentation through Level Based Learning Model

    K. Dinesh Babu1,*, C. Senthil Singh2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.44, No.1, pp. 709-720, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.024295

    Abstract Brain tumors are potentially fatal presence of cancer cells over a human brain, and they need to be segmented for accurate and reliable planning of diagnosis. Segmentation process must be carried out in different regions based on which the stages of cancer can be accurately derived. Glioma patients exhibit a different level of challenge in terms of cancer or tumors detection as the Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) images possess varying sizes, shapes, positions, and modalities. The scanner used for sensing the location of tumors cells will be subjected to additional protocols and measures for accuracy, in turn, increasing the time… More >

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