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  • Open Access


    New Configurations of the Fuzzy Fractional Differential Boussinesq Model with Application in Ocean Engineering and Their Analysis in Statistical Theory

    Yu-Ming Chu1, Saima Rashid2,*, Shazia Karim3, Anam Sultan2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.137, No.2, pp. 1573-1611, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.027724

    Abstract The fractional-order Boussinesq equations (FBSQe) are investigated in this work to see if they can effectively improve the situation where the shallow water equation cannot directly handle the dispersion wave. The fuzzy forms of analytical FBSQe solutions are first derived using the Adomian decomposition method. It also occurs on the sea floor as opposed to at the functionality. A set of dynamical partial differential equations (PDEs) in this article exemplify an unconfined aquifer flow implication. This methodology can accurately simulate climatological intrinsic waves, so the ripples are spread across a large demographic zone. The Aboodh transform merged with the mechanism… More >

  • Open Access


    Genotypic Divergence, Photosynthetic Efficiency, Sodium Extrusion, and Osmoprotectant Regulation Conferred Salt Tolerance in Sorghum

    Ashaduzzaman Sagar1 , Md. Sabibul Haque1, Md. Alamgir Hossain1, Md. Nesar Uddin1, Jannat E. Tajkia1, Md. Ashik Mia1, Toufika Hossain Shabi2, Md. Solaiman Ali Fakir1, Md. Abdul Kader3,4,5, Walid Soufan6, Md. Atikur Rahman7, Muhammad Aamir Iqbal8, Mohammad Sohidul Islam9, Ayman El Sabagh10,*, A. K. M. Zakir Hossain1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.8, pp. 2349-2368, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.028974

    Abstract Salt stress is one of the major limitations to modern agriculture that negatively influences plant growth and productivity. Salt tolerant cultivar can provide excellent solution to enhance stress tolerance with plant fitness to unfavorable environments. Therefore, this study was aimed to screen salt tolerant sorghum genotypes through evaluating of different morphological, biochemical, and physiological attributes in response to salinity stress. In this study, we have been evaluated total six sorghum genotypes including Hybrid sorgo, Debgiri, BD-703, BD-706, BD-707, and BD-725 under salt stress (12 dS m−1 NaCl). The response variables included length and weight of root and shoot, root: shoot… More >

  • Open Access


    A New Model for Network Security Situation Assessment of the Industrial Internet

    Ming Cheng1, Shiming Li1,3,*, Yuhe Wang1, Guohui Zhou1, Peng Han1, Yan Zhao2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.2, pp. 2527-2555, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.036427

    Abstract To address the problem of network security situation assessment in the Industrial Internet, this paper adopts the evidential reasoning (ER)algorithm and belief rule base (BRB) method to establish an assessment model. First, this paper analyzes the influencing factors of the Industrial Internet and selects evaluation indicators that contain not only quantitative data but also qualitative knowledge. Second, the evaluation indicators are fused with expert knowledge and the ER algorithm. According to the fusion results, a network security situation assessment model of the Industrial Internet based on the ER and BRB method is established, and the projection covariance matrix adaptive evolution… More >

  • Open Access


    Optimal IoT Based Improved Deep Learning Model for Medical Image Classification

    Prasanalakshmi Balaji1,*, B. Sri Revathi2, Praveetha Gobinathan3, Shermin Shamsudheen3, Thavavel Vaiyapuri4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.2, pp. 2275-2291, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.028560

    Abstract Recently medical image classification plays a vital role in medical image retrieval and computer-aided diagnosis system. Despite deep learning has proved to be superior to previous approaches that depend on handcrafted features; it remains difficult to implement because of the high intra-class variance and inter-class similarity generated by the wide range of imaging modalities and clinical diseases. The Internet of Things (IoT) in healthcare systems is quickly becoming a viable alternative for delivering high-quality medical treatment in today’s e-healthcare systems. In recent years, the Internet of Things (IoT) has been identified as one of the most interesting research subjects in… More >

  • Open Access


    No-Reference Blur Assessment Based on Re-Blurring Using Markov Basis

    Gurwinder Kaur*, Ashwani Kumar

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.35, No.1, pp. 281-296, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.026393

    Abstract Blur is produced in a digital image due to low pass filtering, moving objects or defocus of the camera lens during capture. Image viewers are annoyed by blur artefact and the image's perceived quality suffers as a result. The high-quality input is relevant to communication service providers and imaging product makers because it may help them improve their processes. Human-based blur assessment is time-consuming, expensive and must adhere to subjective evaluation standards. This paper presents a revolutionary no-reference blur assessment algorithm based on re-blurring blurred images using a special mask developed with a Markov basis and Laplace filter. The final… More >

  • Open Access


    Efficient Centralized Cooperative Spectrum Sensing Techniques for Cognitive Networks

    P. Gnanasivam1, G. T. Bharathy1,*, V. Rajendran2, T. Tamilselvi1

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.44, No.1, pp. 55-65, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.023374

    Abstract Wireless Communication is a system for communicating information from one point to other, without utilizing any connections like wire, cable, or other physical medium. Cognitive Radio (CR) based systems and networks are a revolutionary new perception in wireless communications. Spectrum sensing is a vital task of CR to avert destructive intrusion with licensed primary or main users and discover the accessible spectrum for the efficient utilization of the spectrum. Centralized Cooperative Spectrum Sensing (CSS) is a kind of spectrum sensing. Most of the test metrics designed till now for sensing the spectrum is produced by using the Sample Covariance Matrix… More >

  • Open Access


    N-SVRG: Stochastic Variance Reduction Gradient with Noise Reduction Ability for Small Batch Samples

    Haijie Pan, Lirong Zheng*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.131, No.1, pp. 493-512, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.019069

    Abstract The machine learning model converges slowly and has unstable training since large variance by random using a sample estimate gradient in SGD. To this end, we propose a noise reduction method for Stochastic Variance Reduction gradient (SVRG), called N-SVRG, which uses small batches samples instead of all samples for the average gradient calculation, while performing an incremental update of the average gradient. In each round of iteration, a small batch of samples is randomly selected for the average gradient calculation, while the average gradient is updated by rounding of the past model gradients during internal iterations. By suitably reducing the… More >

  • Open Access


    Spectral Matching Classification Method of Multi-State Similar Pigments Based on Feature Differences

    Meng Da1, Huiqin Wang1,*, Ke Wang1, Zhan Wang2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.131, No.1, pp. 513-527, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.019040

    Abstract The properties of the same pigments in murals are affected by different concentrations and particle diameters, which cause the shape of the spectral reflectance data curve to vary, thus influencing the outcome of matching calculations. This paper proposes a spectral matching classification method of multi-state similar pigments based on feature differences. Fast principal component analysis (FPCA) was used to calculate the eigenvalue variance of pigment spectral reflectance, then applied to the original reflectance values for parameter characterization. We first projected the original spectral reflectance from the spectral space to the characteristic variance space to identify the spectral curve. Secondly, the… More >

  • Open Access


    Keypoint Description Using Statistical Descriptor with Similarity-Invariant Regions

    Ibrahim El rube'*, Sameer Alsharif

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.42, No.1, pp. 407-421, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.022400

    Abstract This article presents a method for the description of key points using simple statistics for regions controlled by neighboring key points to remedy the gap in existing descriptors. Usually, the existent descriptors such as speeded up robust features (SURF), Kaze, binary robust invariant scalable keypoints (BRISK), features from accelerated segment test (FAST), and oriented FAST and rotated BRIEF (ORB) can competently detect, describe, and match images in the presence of some artifacts such as blur, compression, and illumination. However, the performance and reliability of these descriptors decrease for some imaging variations such as point of view, zoom (scale), and rotation.… More >

  • Open Access


    Variable Importance Measure System Based on Advanced Random Forest

    Shufang Song1,*, Ruyang He1, Zhaoyin Shi1, Weiya Zhang2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.128, No.1, pp. 65-85, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.015378

    Abstract The variable importance measure (VIM) can be implemented to rank or select important variables, which can effectively reduce the variable dimension and shorten the computational time. Random forest (RF) is an ensemble learning method by constructing multiple decision trees. In order to improve the prediction accuracy of random forest, advanced random forest is presented by using Kriging models as the models of leaf nodes in all the decision trees. Referring to the Mean Decrease Accuracy (MDA) index based on Out-of-Bag (OOB) data, the single variable, group variables and correlated variables importance measures are proposed to establish a complete VIM system… More >

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