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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Practical Engineering Approach to the Design and Manufacturing of a mini kW BladeWind Turbine: Definition, optimization and CFD Analysis

    G. Frulla1, P. Gili1, M. Visone2, V. D’Oriano2,3, M. Lappa4

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.11, No.3, pp. 257-277, 2015, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2015.011.257

    Abstract A practical engineering approach to the design of a 60 kW wind generator with improved performances is presented. The proposed approach relies on the use of a specific, "ad hoc'' developed software, OPTIWR (Optimization Software), expressly conceived to define an "optimum'' rotor configuration in the framework of the blade-element-momentum theory. Starting from an initial input geometric configuration (corresponding to an already existing 50 kW turbine) and for given values of the wind velocity Vwind and of the advance ratio X = Vwind/ΩR (where Ω is the blade rotational speed and R is the propeller radius), this software is used to… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Contribution to Improving the Performance of a Wind Turbine Using Natural Convection

    M. Kriraa1,2, M.EL Alami1, M. Abouricha1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.10, No.4, pp. 443-464, 2014, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2014.010.443

    Abstract Natural Convection in a vertical channel with internal objects is encountered in several technological applications, among them particular interest of heat dissipation from electronic circuits, refrigerators, heat exchangers, nuclear reactors fuel elements, dry cooling towers, home ventilation, etc. This numerical study deals with the study of natural convection in a vertical convergent channel with a circular block. The considered parameters are 104Ra ≤ 106, Prandtl number Pr = 0.71, channel height 10 ≤ A ≤ 30, inclination angle of the channel φ = 0,2.86°,5.74°. The size block conductivity and the block radius are assumed to be constant Λ… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Improving the Efficiency of Wind Power System by Using Natural Convection Flows

    M. Kriaa1, M. El Alami1,2, M. Najam1, E. Semma3

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.7, No.2, pp. 125-140, 2011, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2011.007.125

    Abstract In this paper a numerical study of natural convection in a two dimensional convergent channel, with or without rectangular block, is carried out. The block is placed at the channel outlet and its thermal conductivity is set equal to that of air. One of channel planes is heated at constant temperature TH. The other one is maintained cold at TC < TH. The governing equations are solved using a finite volume method and the SIMLEC algorithm for the velocity-pressure coupling is used. Special emphasis is given to detail the effect of the block size and Rayleigh number on the dynamics… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Experimental Study Of An Electroaerodynamic Actuator

    R. Mestiri1, R.Hadaji1, S. Ben Nasrallah1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.6, No.4, pp. 409-418, 2010, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2010.006.409

    Abstract The electroaerodynamic actuator or plasma actuator uses the characteristics of the non-thermal surface plasmas. These plasmas are created in atmospheric pressure by a DC electrical corona discharge at the surface of a dielectric material. The two electrodes are two conductive parallel wires. The applied voltage is of several kilovolts. The corona discharge creates a tangential electric wind that can modify the boundary layer flow properties. In this paper, we present the results found for two geometric configurations: the flat plate and the cylinder. In order to study the discharge specificity, we have found the current- voltage characteristics for different inter-electrode… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Icing Tests in a Small Blow-Down Wind Tunnel

    G. P. Russo1, A. Esposito1, B. Esposito2, R. Renis1,1, F. Parente1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.6, No.3, pp. 319-336, 2010, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2010.006.319

    Abstract A low-cost facility, able to simulate icing conditions occurring in flight, has been built via modification of a small blow-down supersonic wind tunnel. As the storage tank (30bar) is emptied through the wind tunnel, expansion of the contained air makes temperature to decrease down to -20 C and a control valve holds such temperature for about 200s. In order to increase the liquid water content (LWC) of the flow allowing ice formation on model surfaces within the test chamber, water is sprayed in the stream within the stagnation chamber by means of a controlled spray gun. This unsteady technique allows… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Satellite Cloud-Derived Wind Inversion Algorithm Using GPU

    Lili He1,2, Hongtao Bai1,2, Dantong Ouyang1,2, Changshuai Wang1,2, Chong Wang1,2,3, Yu Jiang1,2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.60, No.2, pp. 599-613, 2019, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2019.05928

    Abstract Cloud-derived wind refers to the wind field data product reversely derived through satellite remote sensing cloud images. Satellite cloud-derived wind inversion has the characteristics of large scale, computationally intensive and long time. The most widely used cloud-derived serial--tracer cloud tracking method is the maximum cross-correlation coefficient (MCC) method. In order to overcome the efficiency bottleneck of the cloud-derived serial MCC algorithm, we proposed a parallel cloud-derived wind inversion algorithm based on GPU framework in this paper, according to the characteristics of independence between each wind vector calculation. In this algorithm, each iteration is considered as a thread of GPU cores,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Differentially Private Real-Time Streaming Data Publication Based on Sliding Window Under Exponential Decay

    Lan Sun1, Chen Ge1, Xin Huang1, Yingjie Wu1,*, Yan Gao2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.58, No.1, pp. 61-78, 2019, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2019.03744

    Abstract Continuous response of range query on steaming data provides useful information for many practical applications as well as the risk of privacy disclosure. The existing research on differential privacy streaming data publication mostly pay close attention to boosting query accuracy, but pay less attention to query efficiency, and ignore the effect of timeliness on data weight. In this paper, we propose an effective algorithm of differential privacy streaming data publication under exponential decay mode. Firstly, by introducing the Fenwick tree to divide and reorganize data items in the stream, we achieve a constant time complexity for inserting a new item… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Case Study on Mud-Weight Design with Finite-Element Method for Subsalt Wells

    X.P. Shen, A. Diaz1, T. Sheehy2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.20, No.3, pp. 205-224, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2010.020.205

    Abstract This paper presents a case study for the design of a mud-weight window (MWW) with three-dimensional (3-D), finite-element (FE) tools for subsalt wells. The trajectory of the target well penetrates a 7 km thick salt body. A numerical scheme has been proposed for calculating the shear failure gradient (SFG) and fracture gradient (FG) with 3-D FE software. User subroutines have been developed to address non-uniform pore-pressure distribution. A series of FE calculations were performed to obtain the MWW of the target wellbore, which consists of the SFG and FG for the subsalt sections. Although no reverse faulting structure exists in… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Study of PVB Laminated Windshield Cracking Upon Human Head Impact

    Jun Xu1,2, Yibing Li1, Xi Chen2,3, Yuan Yan2,3, Dongyun Ge4,1, Bohan Liu1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.18, No.2, pp. 183-212, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2010.018.183

    Abstract The crack pattern in a PVB laminated windshield upon head impact is of considerable interest because it contains important information on energy mitigation, pedestrian protection, and accident reconstruction. We carry out a systematic numerical study based on the extended finite element method (XFEM), to investigate the effects of various material and system variables, including the impact speed, effective head mass, PVB interlayer material thickness and property, windshield curvature, aspect ratio and size, boundary constraint, impact angle and off-center impact, on the parameters characterizing the resulting crack pattern, i.e. the crack length, crack angle and circumferential crack shape. General relations bridging… More >

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