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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multi-Scale Design and Optimization of Composite Material Structure for Heavy-Duty Truck Protection Device

    Yanhui Zhang1, Lianhua Ma1, Hailiang Su1,2,3,*, Jirong Qin2, Zhining Chen2, Kaibiao Deng1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 1961-1980, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.045570

    Abstract In this paper, to present a lightweight-developed front underrun protection device (FUPD) for heavy-duty trucks, plain weave carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) is used instead of the original high-strength steel. First, the mechanical and structural properties of plain carbon fiber composite anti-collision beams are comparatively analyzed from a multi-scale perspective. For studying the design capability of carbon fiber composite materials, we investigate the effects of TC-33 carbon fiber diameter (D), fiber yarn width (W) and height (H), and fiber yarn density (N) on the front underrun protective beam of carbon fiber composite materials. Based on the investigation, a material-structure matching… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    IoT Task Offloading in Edge Computing Using Non-Cooperative Game Theory for Healthcare Systems

    Dinesh Mavaluru1,*, Chettupally Anil Carie2, Ahmed I. Alutaibi3, Satish Anamalamudi2, Bayapa Reddy Narapureddy4, Murali Krishna Enduri2, Md Ezaz Ahmed1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 1487-1503, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.045277

    Abstract In this paper, we present a comprehensive system model for Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) networks empowered by Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access (NOMA) and Mobile Edge Computing (MEC) technologies. The network comprises essential components such as base stations, edge servers, and numerous IIoT devices characterized by limited energy and computing capacities. The central challenge addressed is the optimization of resource allocation and task distribution while adhering to stringent queueing delay constraints and minimizing overall energy consumption. The system operates in discrete time slots and employs a quasi-static approach, with a specific focus on the complexities of task partitioning and the management… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Comparative Analysis of ARIMA and LSTM Model-Based Anomaly Detection for Unannotated Structural Health Monitoring Data in an Immersed Tunnel

    Qing Ai1,2, Hao Tian2,3,*, Hui Wang1,*, Qing Lang1, Xingchun Huang1, Xinghong Jiang4, Qiang Jing5

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 1797-1827, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.045251

    Abstract Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) systems have become a crucial tool for the operational management of long tunnels. For immersed tunnels exposed to both traffic loads and the effects of the marine environment, efficiently identifying abnormal conditions from the extensive unannotated SHM data presents a significant challenge. This study proposed a model-based approach for anomaly detection and conducted validation and comparative analysis of two distinct temporal predictive models using SHM data from a real immersed tunnel. Firstly, a dynamic predictive model-based anomaly detection method is proposed, which utilizes a rolling time window for modeling to achieve dynamic prediction. Leveraging the assumption… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Heterophilic Graph Neural Network Based on Spatial and Frequency Domain Adaptive Embedding Mechanism

    Lanze Zhang, Yijun Gu*, Jingjie Peng

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 1701-1731, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.045129

    Abstract Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) play a significant role in tasks related to homophilic graphs. Traditional GNNs, based on the assumption of homophily, employ low-pass filters for neighboring nodes to achieve information aggregation and embedding. However, in heterophilic graphs, nodes from different categories often establish connections, while nodes of the same category are located further apart in the graph topology. This characteristic poses challenges to traditional GNNs, leading to issues of “distant node modeling deficiency” and “failure of the homophily assumption”. In response, this paper introduces the Spatial-Frequency domain Adaptive Heterophilic Graph Neural Networks (SFA-HGNN), which integrates adaptive embedding mechanisms for… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Research on Evacuation Path Planning Based on Improved Sparrow Search Algorithm

    Xiaoge Wei1,2,*, Yuming Zhang1,2, Huaitao Song1,2, Hengjie Qin1,2, Guanjun Zhao3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 1295-1316, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.045096

    Abstract Reducing casualties and property losses through effective evacuation route planning has been a key focus for researchers in recent years. As part of this effort, an enhanced sparrow search algorithm (MSSA) was proposed. Firstly, the Golden Sine algorithm and a nonlinear weight factor optimization strategy were added in the discoverer position update stage of the SSA algorithm. Secondly, the Cauchy-Gaussian perturbation was applied to the optimal position of the SSA algorithm to improve its ability to jump out of local optima. Finally, the local search mechanism based on the mountain climbing method was incorporated into the local search stage of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Novel Method for Linear Systems of Fractional Ordinary Differential Equations with Applications to Time-Fractional PDEs

    Sergiy Reutskiy1, Yuhui Zhang2,*, Jun Lu3,*, Ciren Pubu4

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 1583-1612, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.044878

    Abstract This paper presents an efficient numerical technique for solving multi-term linear systems of fractional ordinary differential equations (FODEs) which have been widely used in modeling various phenomena in engineering and science. An approximate solution of the system is sought in the form of the finite series over the Müntz polynomials. By using the collocation procedure in the time interval, one gets the linear algebraic system for the coefficient of the expansion which can be easily solved numerically by a standard procedure. This technique also serves as the basis for solving the time-fractional partial differential equations (PDEs). The modified radial basis… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Simulation of the Seismic Response of a Horizontal Storage Tank Based on a SPH–FEM Coupling Method

    Peilei Yan1,2,*, Endong Guo1,2, Houli Wu1,2, Liangchao Zhang1,2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 1655-1678, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.044760

    Abstract A coupled numerical calculation method combining smooth particle hydrodynamics (SPH) and the finite element method (FEM) was implemented to investigate the seismic response of horizontal storage tanks. A numerical model of a horizontal storage tank featuring a free liquid surface under seismic action was constructed using the SPH–FEM coupling method. The stored liquid was discretized using SPH particles, while the tank and supports were discretized using the FEM. The interaction between the stored liquid and the tank was simulated by using the meshless particle contact method. Then, the numerical simulation results were compared and analyzed against seismic simulation shaking table… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Evaluating the Efficacy of Latent Variables in Mitigating Data Poisoning Attacks in the Context of Bayesian Networks: An Empirical Study

    Shahad Alzahrani1, Hatim Alsuwat2, Emad Alsuwat3,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 1635-1654, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.044718

    Abstract Bayesian networks are a powerful class of graphical decision models used to represent causal relationships among variables. However, the reliability and integrity of learned Bayesian network models are highly dependent on the quality of incoming data streams. One of the primary challenges with Bayesian networks is their vulnerability to adversarial data poisoning attacks, wherein malicious data is injected into the training dataset to negatively influence the Bayesian network models and impair their performance. In this research paper, we propose an efficient framework for detecting data poisoning attacks against Bayesian network structure learning algorithms. Our framework utilizes latent variables to quantify… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Complex Decision Modeling Framework with Fairly Operators and Quaternion Numbers under Intuitionistic Fuzzy Rough Context

    Nadeem Salamat1, Muhammad Kamran1,2,*, Shahzaib Ashraf1, Manal Elzain Mohammed Abdulla3, Rashad Ismail3, Mohammed M. Al-Shamiri3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 1893-1933, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.044697

    Abstract The main goal of informal computing is to overcome the limitations of hypersensitivity to defects and uncertainty while maintaining a balance between high accuracy, accessibility, and cost-effectiveness. This paper investigates the potential applications of intuitionistic fuzzy sets (IFS) with rough sets in the context of sparse data. When it comes to capture uncertain information emanating from both upper and lower approximations, these intuitionistic fuzzy rough numbers (IFRNs) are superior to intuitionistic fuzzy sets and pythagorean fuzzy sets, respectively. We use rough sets in conjunction with IFSs to develop several fairly aggregation operators and analyze their underlying properties. We present numerous… More > Graphic Abstract

    Complex Decision Modeling Framework with Fairly Operators and Quaternion Numbers under Intuitionistic Fuzzy Rough Context

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Encode-and CRT-Based Scalability Scheme for Optimizing Transmission in Blockchain

    Qianqi Sun, Fenhua Bai*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 1733-1754, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.044558

    Abstract Blockchain technology has witnessed a burgeoning integration into diverse realms of economic and societal development. Nevertheless, scalability challenges, characterized by diminished broadcast efficiency, heightened communication overhead, and escalated storage costs, have significantly constrained the broad-scale application of blockchain. This paper introduces a novel Encode-and CRT-based Scalability Scheme (ECSS), meticulously refined to enhance both block broadcasting and storage. Primarily, ECSS categorizes nodes into distinct domains, thereby reducing the network diameter and augmenting transmission efficiency. Secondly, ECSS streamlines block transmission through a compact block protocol and robust RS coding, which not only reduces the size of broadcasted blocks but also ensures transmission… More >

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