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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Hydro-Mechanical Modelling of a Natural Slope Affected by a Multiple Slip Surface Failure Mechanism

    A. Ferrari1, L. Laloui1,2, Ch. Bonnard1,3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.52, No.3, pp. 217-236, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2009.052.217

    Abstract A coupled hydro-mechanical formulation is presented for the analysis of landslide motion during crisis episodes. The mathematical formulation is used to model a natural slope affected by a multiple slip surface failure mechanism, in which pore water pressure evolution was identified as the main cause for movement accelerations. An elasto-plastic constitutive model is adopted for the behaviour of slip surfaces. Material parameters are obtained by combining the available laboratory tests and the back analysis of some crisis episodes. After being calibrated and validated, the model is applied to improve the understanding of the physical processes involved and to predict the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Micromechanics Based Stress-Displacement Relationships of Rough Contacts: Numerical Implementation under Combined Normal and Shear Loading

    Anil Misra1, Shiping Huang1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.52, No.2, pp. 197-216, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2009.052.197

    Abstract The behavior of contact between solid bodies with rough surfaces under combined normal and shear loading remains a problem of interest in many areas of engineering. In this paper, we have utilized a micromechanical methodology to derive an expression of stress-displacement relationship applicable to combined normal and shear loading conditions. The micromechanical methodology considers the mechanics of asperity contacts and the interface roughness in terms of asperity height and asperity contact orientation distribution. A numerical procedure is implemented to evaluate the derived expressions under complex and mixed loading conditions using an incremental approach. We find that the proposed numerical procedure… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Uncertainty Analysis for a Particle Model of Granular Chute Flow

    F. Fleissner1, T. Haag2, M. Hanss2, P. Eberhard1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.52, No.2, pp. 181-196, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2009.052.181

    Abstract In alpine regions human settlements and infrastructure are at risk to be hit by landslides or other types of geological flows. This paper presents a new approach that can aid the design of protective constructions. An uncertainty analysis of the flow around a debris barrier is carried out using a chute flow laboratory model of the actual debris flow. A series of discrete element simulations thereby serves to compare and assess two different barrier designs. In this study, the transformation method of fuzzy arithmetic is used to investigate the influence of epistemically uncertain model parameters. It turns out that parameter… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Generalized Kelvin Solution Based BEM for Contact Problems of Elastic Indenter on Functionally Graded Materials

    H. T. Xiao1, Z. Q. Yue2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.52, No.2, pp. 159-180, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2009.052.159

    Abstract This paper presents a three-dimensional boundary element method for contact problems of an elastic indenter on the surface of functionally graded materials (FGMs). The FGM elastic properties can have any irregular variations with depth. The indenter is subjected to the loading normal to the flat contact surface. The classical Kelvin solution is used for the mathematical formulation of the homogeneous elastic indenter. The generalized Kelvin solution is used for the mathematical formulation of the FGM base. The contact variables are defined with respect to each of the surfaces using local coordinate systems. The corresponding contact equations are used to couple… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Gradient Theory of Damage Coupled to Frictional Contact and Wear, and Its Numerical Treatment

    Peter J. Ireman, Anders Klarbring1, Niclas Strömberg

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.52, No.2, pp. 125-158, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2009.052.125

    Abstract In this paper finite element approaches for fretting fatigue are proposed on the basis of a non-local model of continuum damage coupled to friction and wear. The model is formulated in the frame-work of a standard material. In a previous paper this was done in the spirit of Maugin, where an extra entropy flux is introduced in the second law in order to include the gradient of the internal variable in a proper manner. In this paper we follow instead the ideas of Frémond and others, where this extra entropy flux is no longer needed, but instead new non-classical balance… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Vibrations of In-Plane Non-Constant Inward and Outward Rotating Beams

    Shueei-Muh Lin1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.52, No.1, pp. 105-124, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2009.052.105

    Abstract In this study, the mathematical model of a non-constant rotating beam is established. It is an in-plane moving mass problem. Due to the effect of non-constant rotation, this model is composed of a governing differential equation with time-dependent coefficients and forcing term and three homogenous boundary conditions and one non-homogeneous boundary condition with time-dependent coefficients and forcing term. It is basically different to the system with constant rotation speed [Lin, 2008] and the linear moving beam system [Lin, 2009]. Obviously, a moving mass problem with time-dependent coefficients and forcing term is very complicated. A new solution method is here developed… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Computation of Acoustic Far Field Scattering Cross Section from Plain and Intersecting Thin Bodies

    P.R. Venkatesh1, B.Chandrasekhar2 , M.M.Benal3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.52, No.1, pp. 83-104, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2009.052.083

    Abstract In this work, node based basis functions are used to solve the acoustic scattering from plain thin bodies like plates, discs; and intersecting thin bodies like fins on a cylinder. Node based basis functions are defined on the vertices of triangles generated by triangular patch modeling, and these functions are used to define the unknown source distribution. Also the same functions are used as testing functions in the method of moment's solution. Three kinds of nodes were treated for defining the basis functions, namely, boundary node, non-boundary node and non boundary intersecting node. Also, three kinds of bodies were considered… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Error Analysis of Trefftz Methods for Laplace's Equations and Its Applications

    Z. C. Li2, T. T. Lu3, H. T. Huang4, A. H.-D. Cheng5

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.52, No.1, pp. 39-82, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2009.052.039

    Abstract For Laplace's equation and other homogeneous elliptic equations, when the particular and fundamental solutions can be found, we may choose their linear combination as the admissible functions, and obtain the expansion coefficients by satisfying the boundary conditions only. This is known as the Trefftz method (TM) (or boundary approximation methods). Since the TM is a meshless method, it has drawn great attention of researchers in recent years, and Inter. Workshops of TM and MFS (i.e., the method of fundamental solutions). A number of efficient algorithms, such the collocation algorithms, Lagrange multiplier methods, etc., have been developed in computation. However, there… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A DRK Interpolation-Based Collocation Method for the Analysis of Functionally Graded Piezoelectric Hollow Cylinders under Electro-Mechanical Loads

    Chih-Ping Wu1,2, Jian-Sin Wang2, Yung-Ming Wang2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.52, No.1, pp. 1-38, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2009.052.001

    Abstract A meshless collocation method based on the differential reproducing kernel (DRK) interpolation is developed for the three-dimensional (3D) coupled analysis of simply-supported, functionally graded (FG) piezoelectric hollow cylinders. The material properties of FG hollow cylinders are regarded as heterogeneous through the thickness coordinate, and then specified to obey an exponent-law dependent on this. In the present formulation, the shape function for the reproducing kernel (RK) interpolation function at each sampling node is separated into a primitive function possessing Kronecker delta properties and an enrichment function constituting reproducing conditions. By means of this DRK interpolation, the essential boundary conditions can be… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Fictitious Time Integration Method for Backward Advection-Dispersion Equation

    Chih-Wen Chang1, Chein-Shan Liu2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.51, No.3, pp. 261-276, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2009.051.261

    Abstract The backward advection-dispersion equation (ADE) for identifying the groundwater pollution source identification problems (GPSIPs) is numerically solved by employing a fictitious time integration method (FTIM). The backward ADE is renowned as ill-posed because the solution does not continuously count on the data. We transform the original parabolic equation into another parabolic type evolution equation by introducing a fictitious time coordinate, and adding a viscous damping coefficient to enhance the stability of numerical integration of the discretized equations by employing a group preserving scheme. When several numerical examples are amenable, we find that the FTIM is applicable to retrieve all past… More >

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