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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Durability of Green Concrete in Severe Environment

    Yonggan Yang1,2,3,4, Zihao Kang1, Binggen Zhan1,3,*, Peng Gao1,3,*, Qijun Yu1, Yanlai Xiong4, Jingfeng Wang1,3, Yunsheng Zhang5

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol., , DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.025059

    Abstract In this paper, the effects of different mineral admixtures and sulfate solution types on the appearance, mass change rate, relative dynamic elastic modulus, and corrosion resistance coefficient of concrete were systematically studied. X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry (MIP), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and X-ray Computed Tomography (X-CT) were used to explore and analyze the changes in the microstructure and the corrosion products of concrete in the sulfate solution. The results show that the existence of magnesium ions accelerates concrete deterioration. There is a critical dosage of fly ash for magnesium sulfate resistance of concrete. The magnesium sulfate resistance of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Nucleotide Sequence Assessment of Four ORFs of Citrus Tristeza Virus: Evidence of Recombination

    Adel A. Rezk1,2,*, Hala A. Amin2

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol., , DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.024208

    Abstract Citrus Tristeza Virus (CTV), usually occurs in nature as a mixture of genotypes. Six naturally infected citrus (Citrus sinensis) trees grafted on sour orange rootstock were collected from three citrus growing governorates in Egypt (Sharqia, Qalyubia and Garbia). In this study, RT-PCR, Single-Strand Conformation Polymorphism (SSCP) and nucleotide sequence analysis were used for four independent CTV genomic regions (p65, p18, p20, and p23) to detect and assess the sequence and genetic variabilities among CTV Egyptian isolates. RTPCR products (650 bp) for the CTV p23 gene obtained from the selected isolates were used for the SSCP analysis and DNA sequencing. SSCP… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Study on Strength Reduction Law and Meso-Crack Evolution of Lower Layered Cemented Tailings Backfill

    Huazhe Jiao1,2,3, Wenxiang Zhang1,2,3,*, Yunfei Wang1,2,3,*, Xinming Chen1,2,3, Liuhua Yang1,2,3, Yangyang Rong1,2,3

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol., , DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.026008

    Abstract The green disposal of tailings solid waste is a problem to be solved in mine production. Cemented tailings filling stoping method can realize the dual goals of solid waste resource utilization and mined-out area reduction. However, the volume of the mined-out area of the open-pit method is larger than the filling capacity, resulting in the complex stratification of the underground backfill, and the strength of the backfill cannot meet the requirements. In this paper, according to the delamination situation, the specimens of horizontal and inclination angle layered cemented tailings backfill (LCTB) is made for a uniaxial compression test, and the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fly Ash and Slag as Partial Replacement of Cement for the Synthesis of Low Carbon Cementitious Materials

    Yafei Hu1,2, Keqing Li1,2, Lujing Zheng3, Bin Han1,2,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol., , DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.025129

    Abstract Tailings known as solid waste are generated by the mining industry. The development of tailings as wet shotcrete aggregates has significant economic and environmental benefits. The fine particle size of the tailings results in a large consumption of traditional cement as a cementitious material and insignificant improvement in strength. Therefore, a composite cementitious system of cement and solid waste resources (fly ash and slag powder) is explored for this study. In this paper, the response surface methodology (RSM) is used to optimize the experimental design and a multivariate nonlinear response model with cement, fly ash and slag powder contents as… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Workplace Wellness, Mental Health Literacy, and Usage Intention of E-Mental Health amongst Digital Workers during the COVID-19 Pandemic

    Choon-Hong Tan1, Ah-Choo Koo1,*, Hawa Rahmat2, Wei-Fern Siew3, Alexius Weng-Onn Cheang3, Elyna Amir Sharji1

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol., , DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2022.025004

    Abstract The prevalence of mental health problems in both Malaysian and global workplaces has significantly increased due to the presence of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, globalization, technology advancement in Industry 4.0, and other contributing factors. The pervasiveness of the issue poses a huge challenge to improving the occupational safety and health (OSH) of workers in various industries, especially in the digital industry. The emergence of the innovative industry is evident mainly due to the rapid development of Industry 4.0 and the relevant demands of multiple businesses in the digital transformation. Nonetheless, limited studies and academic discussions were conducted on the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Detrimental Effects of COVID-19 Measures on Mental Health and Social-Economic Disparities

    Hong Wang1, Narges Sanchuli2,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol., , DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2022.022319

    Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic has struck nations worldwide, pushing worldwide health and socioeconomic systems to extreme limits. Various factors, such as drastic alterations in public environments, prolonged quarantine, revenue loss, and anxiety of disease contraction, have caused mental turmoil. Although there was a need to cope with an excess of psychological strain among the public, post-COVID patients, and those with a previously diagnosed psychiatric condition, mental health programs faced a substantial decline in services, mirroring the dramatic rise in psychological issues. Interestingly, certain coping strategies play protective or deleterious effects on mental health outcomes. Moreover, social media exposure has played a… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Physiological and Molecular Responses of Exogenous Selenium to Selenium Content and Fruit Quality in Walnut

    Mufang Sun1, Xinran Hui2, Cuiling Tong3, Longyi Yuan2, Dejian Zhang1,2,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol., , DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.025147

    Abstract To study the effect of exogenous selenium on fruit quality in walnut (Juglans regia L.), 8-year-old walnut (Qingxiang) was taken as the research object. In the fruit expansion stage, 300 mg/L of sodium selenate, yeast selenium and sodium selenite solutions were applied on the leaf of walnut, and the selenium levels in leaves, pericarp and kernel were determined at the ripening stage. The fruit quality, mineral nutrient content, antioxidant enzyme activity, and related genes’ expression were analyzed. The results showed that the three exogenous selenium increased the selenium levels in leaves, pericarp and kernel of walnut. They also significantly increased… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Mechanical and Permeability Analysis and Optimization of Recycled Aggregate Pervious Concrete Based on Response Surface Method

    Fan Li1,#, Xin Cai2,#, Yanan Zhang1,*, Xingwen Guo2,*, Minmin Jiang3

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol., , DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.024380

    Abstract In this paper, the effects of different influencing factors and factor interaction on the compressive strength and permeability of recycled aggregate pervious concrete (RAPC) were studied based on the response surface method (RSM). By selecting the maximum aggregate size, water cement ratio and target porosity as design variables, combined with laboratory tests and numerical analysis, the influences of three factors on the compressive strength and permeability coefficient of RAPC were revealed. The regression equation of compressive strength and permeability coefficient of recycled aggregate pervious concrete were established based on RSM, and the response surface model was optimized to determine the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Improvement of Cemented Gangue Backfill Material with Barium Hydroxide in Acid Mine Water

    Xiaoli Ye1,2, Yuxia Guo1,2,*, Peng Wang1,2, Yonghui Zhao1,2, Wenshuo Xie1,2, Guorui Feng1,2

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol., , DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.023528

    Abstract As a kind of green concrete, the mechanical properties and durability of cemented gangue backfill material (CGBM) will be affected if they are in acid mine water with sulfate ions in the long term. To improve the performance of CGBM in acid mine water with sulfate ions, CGBM specimens with different doses of barium hydroxide were immersed in sulfuric acid solutions of different concentrations for 270 days. The changes of mass, ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV) and compressive strength of the specimens at different ages were analyzed. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were used to analyze the microstructure… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Study on the Physical Properties of Banana Straw Based on the Discrete Element Method

    Sen Zhang1, Jie Jiang2,3,*, Yuedong Wang4

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol., , DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.024070

    Abstract To improve the application of discrete element models (DEM) to the design of agricultural crushers, in this study a new highly accurate model is elaborated. The model takes into account the fiber structure, porous nature of the material and the leaf sheath coating structure. Dedicated experimental tests are conducted to determine the required “intrinsic” and basic contact parameters of the considered banana straw materials. A large number of bonding parameters are examined in relation to the particle aggregation model in order to characterize different actual banana straws. Using the particle surface energy contact model, the viscosity characteristics of the crushed… More >

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