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  • Identification and Characterization of a Novel Yellow Leaf Mutant yl1 in Rice
  • Abstract Leaf-color mutants play an important role in the study of chlorophyll metabolism, chloroplast development, and photosynthesis system. In this study, the yellow leaf 1 (yl1) rice mutant was identified from the ethyl methane sulfonate-treated mutant progeny of Lailong, a glutinous japonica rice landrace cultivated in Guizhou Province, China. Results showed that yl1 exhibited yellow leaves with decreased chlorophyll content throughout the growth period. Chloroplast development in the yl1 mutant was disrupted, and the grana lamellae was loosely packed and disordered. RNA sequencing and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis revealed that the chlorophyll synthesis-related genes OsCHLH, OsCHLM, OsCHLG, PORB,…
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  • Mindfulness Intervention on Adolescents’ Emotional Intelligence and Psychological Capital during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Abstract Background: Since the outbreak of COVID-19 caused adults suffer from mental disorders, it would be an essential for psychologist to help individuals overcome mental disorders. Objective: This study aim to explore whether the intervention of mindfulness is an efficient method to enhance adolescents’ emotional intelligence (EI) and psychological capital (PC) to provide a theoretical basis and future directions for both targeted crisis intervention and psychological trauma recovery plans. Design: This research was designed as randomized controlled trial and total of 798 students were evaluated statistically. Methods: We used paired-sample t-tests and repeated measures ANOVA to compare every factor defined above…
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  • An Analysis of the Factors Influencing Cavitation in the Cylinder Liner of a Diesel Engine
  • Abstract Avoiding cavitation inside the water jacket is one of the most important issues regarding the proper design of a diesel engine’s cylinder liner. Using CFD simulations conducted in the frame of a mixture multiphase approach, a moving grid technology and near-wall cavitation model, in the present study the factors and fluid-dynamic patterns that influence cavitation are investigated from both macroscopic and mesoscopic perspectives. Several factors are examined, namely: wall vibration, water jacket width, initial cavitation bubble radius, coolant temperature, and number of bubbles. The results show that reducing the cylinder liner vibration intensity can significantly weaken the cavitation. Similarly, increasing…
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  • A Data-Driven Oil Production Prediction Method Based on the Gradient Boosting Decision Tree Regression
  • Abstract Accurate prediction of monthly oil and gas production is essential for oil enterprises to make reasonable production plans, avoid blind investment and realize sustainable development. Traditional oil well production trend prediction methods are based on years of oil field production experience and expertise, and the application conditions are very demanding. With the rapid development of artificial intelligence technology, big data analysis methods are gradually applied in various sub-fields of the oil and gas reservoir development. Based on the data-driven artificial intelligence algorithm Gradient Boosting Decision Tree (GBDT), this paper predicts the initial single-layer production by considering geological data, fluid PVT…
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  • Numerical Simulation of a Two-Phase Flow with Low Permeability and a Start-Up Pressure Gradient
  • Abstract A new numerical model for low-permeability reservoirs is developed. The model incorporates the nonlinear characteristics of oil-water two-phase flows while taking into account the initiation pressure gradient. Related numerical solutions are obtained using a finite difference method. The correctness of the method is demonstrated using a two-dimensional inhomogeneous low permeability example. Then, the differences in the cumulative oil and water production are investigated for different starting water saturations. It is shown that when the initial water saturation grows, the water content of the block continues to rise and the cumulative oil production gradually decreases.
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  • Study on Coconut Shell Activated Carbon Temperature Swing Adsorption of Benzene and Formaldehyde
  • Abstract Adsorption can be used to recover effectively the volatile organic gases (VOCs) in the exhaust gas from factories through using an appropriate adsorption bed. Due to form a physical or chemical bond, adsorption occurs between the porous solid medium and the liquid or gas multi-component fluid mixture. The regeneration capacity of the adsorbent is as important as the adsorption capacity and it determines the economics of the adsorption system. The regeneration of adsorbent can be realized through changing the pressure or temperature of the system. Here, activated carbon samples from coconut shell were prepared and characterized. Benzene or formaldehyde in…
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  • Exploration of Waterproofness of Concrete and Alkali-Aggregate Using Hydrophobic Impregnation and Coating
  • Abstract Part of the tunnel spoil can not be used for concrete due to alkali-aggregate reaction (AAR). Water is an indispensable condition for AAR, so separating the alkali-aggregate from water is of great benefit to controlling the AAR. This paper investigates the modification of concrete and aggregate by hydrophobic impregnation and organic coating and then evaluates their waterproof and mechanical properties by dynamic contact angle (DCA), ultrasonic wave velocity, scanning electron microscope (SEM), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and so on. For waterproofness, hydrophobic impregnation and organic coating can both improve the waterproofness of concrete and aggregate. The organic coating is suitable…
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  • Utilization of Low-Alkalinity Cementitious Materials in Cemented Paste Backfill of Gold Mine Tailings
  • Abstract The purpose of this paper was to explore the possibility of using low-alkalinity cementitious materials as binders, in which ground blast furnace slag and fly ash acted as a partial replacement of ordinary Portland cement, and CaSO4, Na2SO4, and CaO were used as a sulfate activator and alkali-activated additives, to solidify gold mine tailings for preparation of a green, inexpensive cemented paste backfill (CPB). For this target, the effects of cement/ tailings ratio, superplasticizer dosage, solid content, tailings fineness on the mechanical properties of the CPB were investigated. Additionally, the hydration mechanism of the CPB was analyzed based on X-ray…
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  • Preparation of Kenaf Biochar and Its Adsorption Properties for Methylene Blue
  • Abstract The toxic dyestuffs from printing and dyeing wastewater have caused serious damages to the ecological environment, thus exploring effective methods to remove them having become a key topic. Here, a series of biochar samples were synthesized form kenaf to adsorb methylene blue (MB), which was acted as the dye representative for the test of adsorption capacity due to the presence of abundant double bond and aromatic heterocyclic ring. By tuning the raw materials and pyrolysis temperature, a super adsorption capacity about 164.21 mg·g–1 was obtained over the biochar that pyrolyzed at 700°C with the kenaf fiber as raw material. Through…
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  • Physical and Mechanical Properties of Catalpa bungei Clones and Estimation of the Properties by Near-Infrared Spectroscopy
  • Abstract Air-dry density, modulus of rupture (MOR), modulus of elasticity (MOE), compressive strength parallel to grain, and hardness of Catalpa bungei clones were investigated in this study with feasibility of predicting these properties by near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy. The best candidate ‘Luoqiu 3’ has been selected from three clones based on wood physical and mechanical property indices. Lower values of wood physical and mechanical properties have been found in the corewood compared to the outerwood. There were significant positive correlations between the air-dry density and mechanical properties. Information from cross section for air-dry density, compressive strength parallel to grain, and hardness yielded…
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