Vol.88, No.4, 2019, pp.459-470, doi:10.32604/phyton.2019.07719
OPEN ACCESS
RESEARCH ARTICLE
Preparation of a Slow Release Biofertilizer From a Polymeric Urea-Formaldehyde Matrix (PUFM)
  • Laura Siverio Martínez1, Mayra González Hurtado1,*, Laura M. Castro González2, Jacques Rieumont Briones3, Ariel Martínez García1, María I. Hernández Díaz4
1 Institute of Materials Science and Technology, Polymer Laboratory, University of Havana, Zapata and G, C.P. 10400, C. Havana City, Cuba.
2 National Autonomous University of Mexico, Department of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry Coyoacan, Distrito Federal, MX.
3 Faculty of Chemistry, University of Havana, Department of Physical Chemistry, Zapata and G, C.P. 10400, Havana City, Cuba.
4 Institute of Horticultural Research Liliana Dimitrova, Quivicán, km 33½. Havana City, Cuba.
* Corresponding Author: Mayra González Hurtado. Email: mayra@imre.uh.cu.
Abstract
Fertilizers industry faces the challenge of improving the efficiency of its products either by optimizing the fertilizers in use or by developing new types of them. During the last decade, controlled and slow release technologies have become more important. These technologies aim to increase the efficiency of the applied substance by increasing its action over time and avoiding losses of all kinds (leaching, volatilization). The main purpose of the current study was to obtain a slow release biofertilizer by incorporating microalgae into a polymeric ureaformaldehyde matrix (PUFM). The quantitative analysis of macronutrients and micronutrients in the microalgae was determined using different techniques including titration, UV and Atomic Adsorption Spectroscopy. The matrix and the formulation obtained (PUFM + CHLO) were also characterized by Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The “in vitro” study showed a typical slow release behavior of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) macronutrients. It was also shown that (PUFM+CHLO) formulation has the slowest macronutrients release time with a maximum release of 28%, 26% y 46% for (N-P-K) macronutrients respectively during a period of 30 days. The "in vivo" study exposed the benefits of the biofertilizer formulation (PUFM + CHLO) from conventional commercial fertilizer (CF) (NPK-14-5-12). Due to the presence of nutrients of natural origin in microalgae, (PUFM + CHLO) shows ecological effects which could also developing sustainable agriculture systems.
Keywords
Slow-release fertilizer; microalgae; polymeric matrix; nutrients
Cite This Article
Martínez, L. S., Hurtado, M. G., M., L., Briones, J. R., García, A. M., et al. (2019). Preparation of a Slow Release Biofertilizer From a Polymeric Urea-Formaldehyde Matrix (PUFM). Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 88(4), 459–470.