Vol.89, No.2, 2020, pp.167-182, doi:10.32604/phyton.2020.09359
OPEN ACCESS
REVIEW
Role of Pathogen-Related Protein 10 (PR 10) under Abiotic and Biotic Stresses in Plants
  • Rakesh Kumar Sinha1,*, Shiv Shankar Verma2, Anshu Rastogi3,*
1 Department of Plant Biophysics & Biochemistry, Biology Center of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Plant, Molecular Biology, Ceské Budejovice, 370 05, Czech Republic
2 School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, 44106, USA
3 Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection, Laboratory of Bioclimatology, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Poznan, 60-649, Poland
* Corresponding Authors: Rakesh Kumar Sinha. Email: rakesh.sinha@umbr.cas.cz; Anshu Rastogi. Email: anshu.rastogi@up.poznan.pl
Received 06 December 2019; Accepted 20 January 2020; Issue published 22 April 2020
Abstract
Members of the Pathogenesis Related (PR) 10 protein family have been identified in a variety of plant species and a wide range of functions ranging from defense to growth and development has been attributed to them. PR10 protein possesses ribonuclease (RNase) activity, interacts with phytohormones, involved in hormone-mediated signalling, afforded protection against various phytopathogenic fungi, bacteria, and viruses particularly in response to biotic and abiotic stresses. The resistance mechanism of PR10 protein may include activation of defense signalling pathways through possible interacting proteins involved in mediating responses to pathogens, degradation of RNA of the invading pathogens. Moreover, several morphological changes have been shown to accompany the enhanced abiotic stress tolerance. In this review, the possible mechanism of action of PR10 protein against biotic and abiotic stress has been discussed. Furthermore, our findings also confirmed that the in vivo Nitric oxide (NO) is essential for most of environmental abiotic stresses and disease resistance against pathogen infection. The proper level of NO may be necessary and beneficial, not only in plant response to the environmental abiotic stress, but also to biotic stress. The updated information on this interesting group of proteins will be useful in future research to develop multiple stress tolerance in plants.
Keywords
Pathogenesis-related (PR); PR10; abiotic stress; biotic stress; ribonuclease; stress tolerance; nitric oxide
Cite This Article
Sinha, R. K., Verma, S. S., Rastogi, A. (2020). Role of Pathogen-Related Protein 10 (PR 10) under Abiotic and Biotic Stresses in Plants. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 89(2), 167–182.